HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV2425
Name:Hut circle settlement north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

An enclosed hut circle settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date has been recorded by field and aerial survey on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor, to the north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. It is the eastern of two similar enclosures in close proximity.
Eight hut circles are visible within the enclosure and 5 unenclosed to south and south-west. The enclosure is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains clearly identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/23
  • Old SAM County Ref: 582
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)
  • Pastscape: 439205

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE34, 22/5/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138923.

One of two enclosures with about 11 huts in and around. Enclosure B. A small enclosure of similar type and construction to A, contains two hut circles. The walling is large turf covered stones and is in good condition and reaches an average height of 0.7 metres. No obvious entrance.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5863, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV148504.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1977, Field Investigators Comments - Shaugh Prior settlement, 17/06/1977 (Report - Survey). SDV138998.

An enclosed settlement comprising two detached enclosures and 5 unenclosed hut circles, lies on a gentle, well drained, south facing slope at 305m. above OD.
SX 58626335: A complex enclosure, 85m. by 65m. and 0.5 ha, of double orthostat construction, 1.8m wide. The southeast section is in very poor condition, and may be an extension since it butt joins
the main wall in the north east,. The interior is divided by 3 walls and a lynchet into at least 5 parts; the north and west being cleared of stone; the southeast part is covered by clitter, field clearance heaps and a probable Medieval building (MDV28563).
There are 3 type 2 hut circles terraced into the enclosure: one; internal diameter of 8.0m. its wall 1.4m. wide and in poor condition, with a south south east facing entrance marked by jambs. The second, terraced against the enclosure wall, has an internal diameter of 5.0m., a wall 1.2m. wide in poor condition, and a south-south-east facing entrance. A possible annex, internal diameter 3.0m. wall 1.2m. wide and in poor condition is on the north and a yard, 8m. by 6m. to the south. The third is very fragmentary. A 'D' shaped hut circle, 6.5m. by 6.0m., wall 1.5m. wide with a possible annex 3.5m. by 3.0m. is terraced onto the outside of the south side of the enclosure. A very ruined hut circle, internal
diameter 5.0m., wall about 1.2m. wide is built on a very steep slope on the outside of the southeast wall.
SX 58516337: An oval enclosure, 50m. by 40m. and of 0.1ha., is built of double orthostatic walling,1.2m. wide. It is cleared and divided by a sinuous wall or clearance bank. It contains two type 2 hut circles, average internal diameter 6.0m., the walls 1.2m. wide and in poor condition. One, terraced against the wall, has a southeast facing entrance opening into a yard, 7m. by 4m., beyond which is another yard 9m. by 3m.

Unknown, 1981, Slide of settlements at Shaugh Prior (Photograph). SDV148505.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

The eastern of two enclosures, agglomerated and of four elements, contains thirteen hut circles. Five hut circles lie between the enclosures.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133402, 18/5/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Agglomerate enclosure and at least 8 hut circles, forming eastern part of large settlement. Includes at least two elements and covers 0.34 hectares. North-west enclosure is earliest; measures 62 metres by 40 metres, defined by 2 metre wide, 0.5 metre high rubble wall. At least five hut circles survive within, and another two attached to outer face. South-eastern enclosure is d-shaped, 44 metres by 34 metres, defined by rubble boundary wall up to 0.7 metres high. Hut circle and short length of rubble walling attached to outer face.
Some huts altered and robbed when farmstead (MDV28563) was constructed in southern part of enclosure during medieval period. See related hut records.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

English Heritage, 2015, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV357602.

Google, 2019, Google Earth Pro, EARTH.GOOGLE.COM XX-XXX-2010 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363088.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A stony bank 2.5 to 4.5m wide is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains clearly identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 defining a roughly D-shaped enclosure up to circa 74m across on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor, to the north of Cholwichtown Clay Works.
It is one of two similar enclosures in close proximity, the second located approximately 60m to the west.
At least 8 possible hut circles are visible directly associated with the enclosure, 5 within the enclosure and 3 abutting the outer edge of the enclosure bank. There are recorded separately and will not be detailed here.
A further 5 unenclosed hut circles are visible associated with the enclosure, 20 to 60m to south and south-west.
Interior walls or sub-divisions are visible within the enclosure, possibly radiating from an almost central hut circle (MDV2430). Some of these walls or divisions are roughly rectilinear in plan and might be the same as those previously interpreted as evidence for a possible medieval farmstead (MDV28563).
The enclosure and hut circles remain identifiable as subtle earthworks on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138923Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 22/5/1950.
SDV138998Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1977. Field Investigators Comments - Shaugh Prior settlement. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. Unknown. 17/06/1977.
SDV148504Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5863. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV148505Photograph: Unknown. 1981. Slide of settlements at Shaugh Prior. Slide.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133402, 18/5/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV357602National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2015. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002.
SDV363088Aerial Photograph: Google. 2019. Google Earth Pro. Various. Digital. EARTH.GOOGLE.COM XX-XXX-2010 ACCESSED 14-OCT-2019.

Associated Monuments

MDV2430Parent of: Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53378Parent of: Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53377Parent of: Hut in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV53379Parent of: Possible Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53380Parent of: Possible hut in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV53381Parent of: Possible hut in enclosure north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV28563Related to: Farmstead (Monument)
MDV2432Related to: Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53389Related to: Hut circle south of enclosure at Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV2426Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV2427Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV2428Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53390Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53383Related to: Western enclosure and hut circles north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2019 10:35AM