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HER Number:MDV2426
Name:Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

Hut circle recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an earthwork to the south-west of the western enclosure in the settlement on Lee Moor. 2002 survey recorded diameter as 5.5m north-south by 5.8m with walls 1.4m wide and 0.3m high. It is one of 7 unenclosed hut circles probably associated with two prehistoric enclosed hut circle settlements north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. The earthwork is visible under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains clearly identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 584 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 34
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/23/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 582
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)
  • Pastscape: 439205

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks under vegetation.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE34, 22/5/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138923.

SX 5846 6336 Hut circle R. Diameter 7.5 metres, height 0.5 metres. Associated with the two enclosures (A and B). The walling is of large turf covered stones reaching an average height of 0.5 metres. No obvious entrance.

Ordnance Survey, 1953-1969, 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial (Cartographic). SDV352727.

Ordnance Survey historic maps from the 1950s and 1960s show the settlement. Only one hut shown to the west/south-west of the enclosure in this area.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133409, 18/5/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Hut circle forming part of partially enclosed settlement. Lies immediately west of enclosure (MDV53383). Terraced into hillslope. Simple plan and double orthostat type. Internal diameter 5.4 metres. Wall 2.0 metres wide, 0.75 metres high. Attached to enclosure by a 5.5 metres long, 1.1 metres wide, 0.3 metres high lynchet.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(23/05/2002) The western enclosure (centred at SX 5851 6338) has a solitary hut circle attached to the south-western corner by a short length of contemporary walling.
SX 5848 6337. Hut circle measuring 5.5m north-south by 5.8m with walls 1.4m wide and 0.3m high.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A curvilinear bank up to circa 3m wide is visible as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946, as a stony bank on digital images derived from aerial photographs from 2002 onwards and a subtle earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.
The curvilinear bank encloses a roughly circular hollow circa 5.5m across and is interpreted as the spread and damaged remains of a hut circle of probable Bronze Age date.
It is probably associated with the prehistoric enclosed hut circle settlement immediately to the east (MDV53383), with which it might joined by a section of bank.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138923Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 22/5/1950.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133409, 18/5/1994.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV352727Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1953-1969. 1953-1969 National Grid OS A edition imperial. Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122953 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV2425Related to: Eastern enclosure and hut circles north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)
MDV63334Related to: Hut - probable duplicate (SW of the western enclosure) (Monument)
MDV53384Related to: Structure in enclosure north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53392Related to: Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53383Related to: Western enclosure and hut circle north of Tory Brook Head (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:May 19 2020 11:44AM