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HER Number:MDV2427
Name:Unenclosed hut circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an earthwork on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor. It is one of 7 unenclosed hut circles probably associated with two prehistoric enclosures north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. The earthwork is visible under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains clearly identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 585 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/23/2
  • Old SAM County Ref: 582
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks under scrub vegetation.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE34, 22/5/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138923.

Hut circle S. Diameter 7.5 metres, walls 0.8 metres high. Associated with the two enclosures A and B. In good condition, walling consists of the usual turf covered stones. The entrance is to the south-south-east.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133408, 18/5/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Two conjoined hut circles forming part of partially enclosed settlement. Terraced into hillslope. South-eastern one is of double orthostatic walling. North-western one is of single orthostatic type. Interior of south-eastern one measures 5.2 metres in diameter, defined by wall 2.0 metres wide, 1.1 metres high. Rectangular hollow within hut, 1.0 metres by 0.7 metres by 0.25 metres deep may be result of military activity. South-facing gap in wall may represent original entrance. North-western hut survives as 4.0 metre diameter ring of stones protruding through turf to a height of 0.2 metres.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 166-9, Map 51.9 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Butler's Hut Circle 12; the best-preserved of the group, it measures 6.2 metres in diameter and seems to have an annex to the north-west, like the hut to the east (MDV2428).

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Unenclosed hut circle at SX 58526334. Measures 5.7 metres north-south by 5.2 metres, with walls 2.0 metres wide and 0.6 metres high, this hut shows signs of internal facing and a possible blocked entrance in the south.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Only one hut is visible on the aerial photography.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A curvilinear bank up to circa 3m wide is visible as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946, as a stony bank on digital images derived from aerial photographs from 2002 onwards and a subtle earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.
The curvilinear bank encloses a roughly oval hollow nearly 6m across.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as the spread and damaged remains of a hut circle of probable Bronze Age date. It is one of 7 unenclosed hut circles probably associated with two prehistoric enclosure north (MDV53383 & MDV2425).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138923Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 22/5/1950.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133408, 18/5/1994.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 166-9, Map 51.9.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #122949 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV2425Related to: Hut circle settlement north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2019 3:06PM