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HER Number:MDV2430
Name:Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an earthwork on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor. The hut circle is one of 8 associated with a prehistoric enclosure north of Cholwichtown Clay Works.
The hut circle is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 and remains visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/23/5
  • Old SAM County Ref: 582
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE34, 22/5/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138923.

Hut Circle W. Diameter 9.0 metres, 0.5 metres high. Attached to the walling of the Enclosure B. The walling consists of large turf-covered stones about 0.5 metres in height. The entrance is to the south-east.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133409, (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Gerrard's hut circle H.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, Map 51.9, 166-9 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Butler's Hut Circle 3; the largest building in the settlement (7.0 metres in diameter) set centrally within the enclosure, from which walls radiate to boundary walls of the enclosure. Appears to have been the most important hut at one time.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Hut circle in enclosure at SX 58636337. Measures 6.6 metres north-south by 7.5 metres internally with traces of internal facing and a possible entrance in the south-western side.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A curvilinear bank up to circa 2.5m wide is visible as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946, as a stony earthwork on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 and is identifiable as a subtle earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.
The bank defines a small oval enclosure up to 8m across, roughly central within the surrounding enclosure MDV2425.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as a hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date. It is one of 8 associated with the surrounding enclosure. Further linear banks abut the possible hut circles to the east and south, possibly evidence of sub-division or annexes within the wider enclosure.
The hut circle has been transcribed as part of enclosure MDV2425.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138923Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 22/5/1950.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 2295-2296 10-DEC-1946.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133409,.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. Map 51.9, 166-9.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV2425Part of: Hut circle settlement north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2019 11:04AM