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HER Number:MDV2432
Name:Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works

Summary

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is recorded from field investigation and aerial survey as an earthwork on the south-west facing slopes of Lee Moor. The hut circle is one of 8 probably associated with a prehistoric enclosure north of Cholwichtown Clay Works. The earthwork is clearly visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 632
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/23/17
  • Old SAM County Ref: 582
  • Old SAM Ref: 10793(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX56SE34, 22/5/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138923.

Hut Circle Y. Diameter 7.5 metres. The walling is of large turf covered stones reaching an average height of 0.6 metres. The entrance is not obvious.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 133403, 18/5/1994 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Hut circle forming part of partially enclosed settlement. Lies immediately south of enclosure. Terraced into hillslope. Simple plan and single orthostat walling type. Internal diameter 6.0 metres. Wall 1.0 metre wide, 0.7 metres high.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, Map 51.9, 166-9 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Butler's Hut Circle 11; badly damaged freestanding hut measuring 5.5 metres in diameter. Has an internal wall subdividing the hut.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear stony banks are visible as earthworks.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

Unenclosed hut circle at SX 58626331. A robbed hut circle, 6.4 metres north-south, by 5.9 metres internally. Only the largest wall stones remain in situ.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as earthworks.

Ordnance Survey, 2015, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV357601.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A curvilinear bank up to circa 1m wide is visible as a stony earthwork on digital images derived from aerial photographs from 2002 onwards.
The bank defines a small oval enclosure approximately 6 by 8m across, circa 18m south of the large hut circle settlement enclosure MDV2425.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as the remains of a possible small hut circle of probable Bronze Age. It is one of 8 probably associated with the larger enclosure to the north.
The earthwork appears somewhat damaged, with significant breaks in the south-west and north-east sides of the bank.
The earthwork remains identifiable on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV138923Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX56SE34. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 22/5/1950.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 133403, 18/5/1994.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. Map 51.9, 166-9.
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.
SDV357601Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2015. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5863 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5863 01-JUN-2002. [Mapped feature: #122945 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV2431Related to: Hut Circle north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV2425Related to: Hut circle settlement north of Cholwichtown Clay Works (Monument)
MDV53389Related to: Hut circle south of enclosure at Tory Brook Head (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 19 2019 12:42PM