HeritageGateway - Home

Login  |  Register
Site Map
Text size: A A A
You are here: Home > > > > Devon & Dartmoor HER Result
Devon & Dartmoor HERPrintable version | About Devon & Dartmoor HER | Visit Devon & Dartmoor HER online...

See important guidance on the use of this record.

If you have any comments or new information about this record, please email us.


HER Number:MDV2433
Name:Ring cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works

Summary

Near the summit if Saddlesborugh, Shaugh Moor, is the remains of a cairn, measuring 17.5 m in diameter overall visible as a circular rim of stones, 2.3 m wide, from 0.2 - 0.4 m high internally and from 0.4 - 0.6 m high externally. There is a 3m break in the north-western section. Apart from a level patch of stones in the north-eastern quadrant, the interior is concave, reaching ground level at the centre. The cairn is abutted and possibly cut to the south-west and south-east by later prospecting pits. A number of large stones are piled within, possibly residue from robbing or perhaps dumping from the prospecting pits. An Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar has been built to the east of this pit and does not intrude upon the cairn. The cairn earthworks are visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 558 632
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Two large damaged Bronze Age cairns on Saddlesborough, Shaugh Moor

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439262
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/113
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, Untitled Source (National Monuments Record Database). SDV1181.

No cairn could be found to the north of the rock outcrop, at SX55906321 and it seems probable that worth is referring to this cairn 35.0 meters to the south (National Monuments Record citing Ordnance Survey).

Worth, R. N., 1885, 7th Report of the Barrow Committee, 130 (Article in Serial). SDV140196.

Cairn, on the crest of the ridge immediately east of Shaugh Church. Known as Saddleback or Saddlesborough. The cairn is also situated to the north of a reputed cromlech, (but which is undoubtedly a natural grouping of rocks) there is a barrow. Very slightly hollow in the centre and is thickly overgrown with heather. As far as can be ascertained without definite exploration the cairn is chiefly composed of stones, it is situated in moorland close to a stone row with a distinct stone kerb.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3257-3258 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

An irregularly shaped oval bank is visible.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

An irregularly shaped oval bank is visible.

Silvester, R. J., 1977, Lee Moor Survey (Report - Survey). SDV346349.

Ceremonial circle consisting of circular bank.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1977, SX56SE87 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV139522.

Two cairns identified during field visit. (Whether either of these is SX56SE/112 or 113 is unclear).

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE54 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV139520.

At SX55876321 there is a robbed cairn with an overall diameter of 17.5 metres, visible as a circular rim of stones, 2.3 metres wide, from 0.2 - 0.4 metres high internally and from 0.4 - 0.6 metres high externally. There is a 3.0 metres break in the north-western section. Apart from a level patch of stones in the north-eastern quadrant, the interior is concave, reaching ground level at the centre. A number of large stones are piled within, possibly residue from robbing or perhaps dumping from a large fossicking pit to the east of the cairn. An Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar has been built to the east of this pit and does not intrude upon the cairn.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded.

Turner, J. R., 1990, Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor, 32, 37, 68, (Article in Serial). SDV229817.

Stone ring with an annular bank. The interior is part infilled with small stones and boulders to 0.3 meters or less below the bank top. This cairn measures 15.5 meters in diameter, with a bank 1.3 meters wide and 0.4 meters high. The interior has been dug into. Situated on a level summit. Other details: A45.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

One of four cairns depicted on map in this location. Other details: Map 48.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

An irregularly shaped oval bank is visible.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

(Depicted on English Heritage GIS survey layer). The remains of an impressive, though heavily damaged and disturbed cairn are located on the lower summit area of Saddlesborough at 300 meters above Ordnance Datum at SX55886321. It is visible as a turf and heather covered ‘rim' of stones and small boulders.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

An irregularly shaped oval bank is identifiable.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM25 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 08/09/2019. The site description is good however it is not as impressive as the description makes out. The outside edge of the cairn blends in to the landscape and is not easily photographed. The cairn is 75% covered in low height bracken, but no damage is being caused by this vegetation.Trigg Point is close by and this attracts visitors to the site however no damage is being caused. The site is stable. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM25 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 08/09/2019. Photo taken looking east giving an overall view of the cairn

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An irregular bank circa 2.5 to 4m wide is visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013, defining an irregularly shaped hollow or terraced enclosed area approximately 7 by 13.5m across, near the summit of Saddlesborough, Shaugh Moor. The visible earthwork is circa 18.5m across at its widest point.
The mound is interpreted as the mutilated remains of a ring cairn of Bronze Age date.
The cairn is possibly cut by, and is probably overlain in places by upcast from, at least two later prospecting pits to the south-west and south-east.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV1181National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. National Monuments Record.
SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV139520Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE54. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV139522Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1977. SX56SE87. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV140196Article in Serial: Worth, R. N.. 1885. 7th Report of the Barrow Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 17. Website. 130.
SDV229817Article in Serial: Turner, J. R.. 1990. Ring Cairns, Stone Circles and Related Monuments on Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 48. Paperback Volume. 32, 37, 68,.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346349Report - Survey: Silvester, R. J.. 1977. Lee Moor Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Register. Unknown.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013. [Mapped feature: #123306 ]
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM25.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3257-3258 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM25.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV28564Related to: Cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV79252Related to: Cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV2553Related to: Ring cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 11 2019 1:09PM