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HER Number:MDV2446
Name:Enclosure 500 metres east of Huxton Farm

Summary

Well-preserved Bronze Age enclosure with two internal hut circles on Shaugh Moor, within the reave system. Enclosure is surrounded by a small field system. This settlement predates the reave system but continued in use during the reave phase.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 553 628
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE52
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/35
  • Old SAM County Ref: 422
  • Pastscape: 439256

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSED HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2299-2300 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 91 (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

Shaugh Moor; extensive enclosure placed round the large pound containing two circles in the middle of the moor. Leading away to the north-east from this enclosure and running parallel with a footpath is another boundary, not part of a recognisable field.

Cambridge University Collection, 1973, CUC/BON, CUC/BON 30 (Aerial Photograph). SDV149515.

National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX5562, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV152746.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE52 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV138636.

(29/09/1980) On the west slope of Shaugh Moor is a pound-like enclosure of 0.34 hectares, containing two hut circles.
The enclosure measures 61.4 metres by 56.5 metres with a vertical inner face of orthostatic blocks 0.9 metres high, backed by an earthen bank giving an overall width at the base of 4.0 metres. Of the three gaps in the west side it is not possible to say which is the original entrance. The two Type 2 huts have level interiors with diameters of 8.7 metres and 6.3 metres and walling 1.1 metres thick and 0.5 metres high. They are much robbed and their entrances are uncertain.
The enclosure appears to pre-date the parallel reave system one reave corner of the enclosure but starts again at the south-west corner on a different alignment. Price's outer 'enclosure' is three sides of a field, an extension to the south-east from a point on the reave at SX 5536 6284 which after 105 metres turns to the south-west for a further 120 metres. The walling averages 1.5 metres wide and 0.7 metres high and is quite unlike reave walling in that the construction is of massive boulders similar to the enclosure. The walling fades at the south-west end into a low bank, more in the character of a reave, and is then lost in the heather. Other details: Plan.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV345608.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 21st April 1982.

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 58-60 (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

Enclosure C. Unusual for Dartmoor; consisting of an internal revetment wall of slabs up to 1.5 metres, with an earth and stone bank on outside. It is possible that the revetment is a later (perhaps medieval) feature. Entrance on the south-west side. Flanked by Shaugh Moor Reave 1. There are two hut circles within the enclosure. Part of earliest phase of activity on Shaugh Moor, predating the reave system but still in use in the reave phase. Other details: Figures 1, 7, 9.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Sub-circular enclosure visible incorporated into a parallel reave system. It contains two hut circles.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 102-103 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Well-preserved enclosure with two internal hut circles. Other details: Map 48, 4.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(01/12/1997) SX 5530 6283. A very fine enclosure build on a west-facing slope incorporated the remains of two hut circles and traces of the reave it overlies. The substantial bank is faced on the inner side by upright slabs and boulders which are between 0.8 metres and 1.1 metres high. This facing retains a turf-covered boulder/stone bank which is spread to 5.3 metres wide and has a fairly gentle outer slope, although an outer face is indicated in places by boulders which protrude through the turf suggesting a former wall some 2.0 metres wide.
The position of the entrances is not obvious however two transverse slabs approximately 1.5 metres apart located in the western extremity may indicate a blocked entrance. Recent breaks in the enclosure bank occur in the north and in the south-east quadrants. The enclosure, which was refashioned probably as a medieval pound, lies within a well-defined parallel reave system.
SX5529 6284. A hut circle located within the enclosure is 10.5 metres in overall diameter with a 7.2 meter diameter level interior and a 0.6 metres high back scarp. Its walling which has been damaged especially in the south-west quadrant survives as a 0.5 meter high stone and boulder core with some large inner and outer facing slabs/boulders in situ. The entrance is located in the south-west side.
SX5530 6283. A hut stance situated within the enclosure measures overall 8.0 metres (north-south) by 9.0 metres with a level interior, a 0.5 meter high back scarp. The surviving turf-covered walling of stones and boulders is 0.4 metres high. The position of the entrance is not clear.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Map object based on this Source.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM12 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 03/08/2019. Site stable with only light livestock grazing and few walkers, there are a small number of animal erosion scars and scrapes on the inside face of the north east pound wall. Vegetation score low as large site. However hut circle is 75% covered with bracken as is the pound boundary wall. Reave shown on map below hut circles within pound not visible in landscape at time of survey, possibly due to vegetation growth. All other reaves distinguishable.
There are three antiquities stars sited around the outside of the pound wall. One on the north side, one on south side and one west. Photos taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM12 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 03/08/2019. Photos X 4 taken
1)North east section of pound wall looking north east
2)South section pf pound wall looking north
3)North west hut overall view looking north east
4) South east hut stance view looking south east

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 102-103.
SDV138636Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE52. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 58-60.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 91.
SDV149515Aerial Photograph: Cambridge University Collection. 1973. CUC/BON. Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photographs. Photograph (Paper). CUC/BON 30.
SDV152746Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX5562. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2299-2300.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV345608Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM12.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM12.

Associated Monuments

MDV2448Parent of: Hut within enclosure on Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV48895Parent of: Hut within enclosure on Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor coaxial field system (Monument)
MDV14305Related to: Pair of hut circles with bank, Shaugh Moor (Monument)
MDV2447Related to: Part of reave system east of Huxton Farm, Shaugh Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor

Date Last Edited:Oct 14 2019 12:49PM