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HER Number:MDV2459
Name:Cairn 295 metres north-west of Cadover Bridge

Summary

One of a pair of closely spaced grass-covered cairns around 60 metres south of Brisworthy China Clay Works. The mound is visible as a cropmark on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 onwards and as a subtle earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 552 648
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishMeavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishMEAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Two Bronze Age cairns on Wigford Down, north-west of Cadover Bridge

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439519
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/43/1
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ROUND CAIRN (Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1951, SX56SE29 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV216693.

Cairn F. One of a group of six grass grown cairns. This cairn measures approximately 9.0 meters in diameter.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 157 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

(Site visited in May 1976). At SX55296481 there is a cairn with hollow at centre. It measures 11.5 meters in diameter and height 0.7 meters. Other details: 10 Wigford Down.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE144 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346326.

At SX55286480, on the south-east slopes of Wigford Down at 232 meters above sea level, is a cairn measuring 10.8 meters north-south by 11.7 meters transversely and 0.6 meters in height. It has a 0.5 meter deep central excavation. The remains of a field wall, 1.7 meters wide and 0.3 meters high join this and the adjacent cairn.

National Monuments Record, 1980, Untitled Source (Un-published). SDV346320.

It is difficult to achieve reasonable concordance between these cairns and those identified by Grinsell. Cairn 'F' may relate to Ordnance Survey Archaeology Card SX56SW(SE?)144 which is also one of Worth's 'two tumuli' (National Monuments Record citing Ordnance Survey).

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 80, 97, Map 48.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

SX5529 6480
Butler's cairn 14. Measures 11.5 metres by 0.3 metres.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5564 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A mound is identifiable as a subtle earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5564 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as a cropmark and a subtle earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5564 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is visible as a cropmark and a subtle earthwork.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Cairn visible as circular grassy area on aerial photography.

National Monuments Record, 2011, 439519 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV346324.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Depicted on the modern mapping.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly circular mound approximately 12m in diameter is visible as a cropmark and slight earthwork on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 onwards and as an earthwork on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.
The mound is interpreted as the remains of a cairn or barrow of probable Bronze Age date.
A slight depression to the centre of the mound, probably evidence of historic disturbance, is clearly detectable on the 2007 imagery.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 80, 97, Map 48.1.
SDV216693Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1951. SX56SE29. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 157.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346320Un-published: National Monuments Record. 1980. National Monuments Record. Unknown.
SDV346324National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2011. 439519. National Monuments Record Database. Website.
SDV346326Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE144. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5564 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #123327 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5564 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV2458Related to: Cairn 330 metres north-west of Cadover Bridge (Monument)
MDV12718Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV28543Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV5619Related to: Cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)
MDV2310Related to: Round cairn on Wigford Down, west of Brisworthy Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 12 2019 2:30PM