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HER Number:MDV2466
Name:Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior

Summary

An enclosed hut circle settlement of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible as stony earthwork banks on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. The enclosure contains at least one hut circle. It is one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 565 649
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/48
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • (Former Type) ENCLOSURE (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD (Between))
  • HUT CIRCLE SETTLEMENT (Early Bronze Age to Late Iron Age - 2200 BC to 42 AD)

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map with two internal and three external hut circles associated with it.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Enclosures' shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX5664, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV175071.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Enclosures, the walls are quite clearly defined and are composed of large stones reaching an average height of 0.8 metres with an average width of 2.5 metres. Three internal hut circles 7-8m diameter, and two external 7-9m diameter. Very stony interior. Large stones and some orthostats.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure of two elements visible with twelve attached hut circles visible.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140611 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

MPP140611, 2/4/1995 (gerrard) at sx56636496, sx5659 6496 + sx56576503. This agglomerated enclosure forms part of a partially enclosed stone hut settlement. At least 3 distinct enclosed areas are visible. The relationship between the enclosures is not clear but the ground plan would suggest that 'b' is primary, with the remaining two being added later.
Enclosure A survives as a 43m by 30m sub rectangular area surrounded by a 2m wide and 0.4m high partly faced rubble wall. One hut is attached to the inner face of the enclosure wall, another is attached to the outer face and a third is linked. A length of field boundary leads e from the se corner of the enclosure.
Enclosure B which is also sub rectangular in shape, measures 53m by 50m and is defined by a 2m wide partly faced rubble wall standing up to 0.6m high. Two huts lie within the enclosure, one is attached to the inner face and the other is free standing. A gap in the w length of enclosure walling may represent an original entrance. A length of field boundary leads w from the sw corner of the enclosure.
Enclosure C, the northernmost within the group, includes a sub rectangular area measuring 67m by 56m and is defined by a 2m wide orthostat and rubble wall standing up to 1.5m high. There are no hut circles visible within this enclosure. Three lengths of boundary bank lead from this enclosure and these represent parts of fields added to the enclosure (mpp).

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Shadyback Tor settlements include Prehistoic Enclosure'C' with several internal features.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 63, 102 173 a (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

A sub-rectangular enclosure 'a' at SX56596498 seems to be the primary element in three interconnecting enclosures. It is 53 metres long by 50 metres wide with a wall 2 metres wide by 0.6 metres high. Composition of the wall varies consisting of boulders piled up on an earlier wall in the northern sector with smaller stones on the east side and the north-east sector resembles a lynchet.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Curvilinear banks are identifiable as spread earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

Curvilinear banks are visible as earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439169, SX56SE22 (Website). SDV362732.

An enclosed settlement, consisting of three adjoining enclosures.
Enclosure (a) at SX56586496 is an ovoid enclosure 70 metres by 55 metres covering 0.3 hectares. It is built of double orthostatic walling, 1.1 metres wide mostly in poor condition. Coursing on the south side suggests that this section is a later re-building. The partly cleared interior contains two hut circles.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Stony banks circa 3m wide are visible as earthworks on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2002 onwards and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 defining a roughly D-shaped enclosure to the north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
The enclosed area measures at least 53m across north to south, and circa 50m across west to east.
One banked circular hollow 6m across is clearly visible within the enclosure, abutting the inner edge of the eastern boundary bank at circa SX5660764981.
The visible earthworks are interpreted as the remains of a probable hut circle settlement of Bronze Age to Iron Age date, one of at least six such enclosures incorporated into a later, probably medieval field system north and west of Trowlesworthy Warren House.
The banked circular hollows within and adjacent to the enclosure are interpreted as possible hut circles.
The enclosure is abutted by, and probably predates, two similar if slightly smaller enclosures to the east and north.
The southern edge of the enclosure appears to have been incorporated into a later, possibly medieval field system (MDV14369).
South of this bank, a second hut circle is clearly visible as an earthwork. A third hut circles is recorded within the enclosure but is not identifiable as an earthwork on the sources available to the survey.
The hut circles are transcribed as part of the enclosure but are also recorded separately.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 63, 102 173 a.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV175071Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX5664. 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140611.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #123251 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439169, SX56SE22.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV56783Parent of: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56744Parent of: Hut Circle within Enclosure (C) south-west of Shadyback Tor in Trowlesworhty Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56782Parent of: Hut Circle within Enclosure 'C' south-west of Shadyback Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14369Related to: Medieval field system at Trowelsworthy Warren Farm, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV126325Related to: Prehistoric enclosure north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV127064Related to: Prehistoric hut circle enclosure north of Trowlesworthy Warren House (Monument)
MDV15287Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56780Related to: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 9 2019 2:41PM