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HER Number:MDV2475
Name:Prehistoric Enclosure (H) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior

Summary

A sub-circular enclosure containing a single hut circle and an amorphous mound on the gently sloping west flank of Little Trowelsworthy Tor. An additional hut and traces of a second enclosure lie to the east and north-east. Referred to by Butler as Prehistoric Enclosure (H).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 571 644
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56SE228
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/51
  • Old SAM County Ref: 280
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24232(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 10821
  • Pastscape: 1360452

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Enclosure shown on early 20th century map.

Curwen, E. C., 1927, Prehistoric Agriculture in Britain, 277 (Article in Serial). SDV173835.

Possibly one of eight enclosures giving evidence of the earliest agriculture on Dartmoor.

Curwen, E. C., 1943, The Efficiency of a Flint Sickle, 46 (Article in Serial). SDV147035.

Curwen discusses the time taken to reap grain on plots of this size.

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX5764, SX5764, 3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV138979.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Site visited on 1st June 1950. Enclosure with hut circles. One internal hut circle 8 metres in diameter and a hut circle with part of an enclosure wall nearby. Clear interior apart from some large slabs. Some orthostats.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Enclosure visible and recorded.

Mercer, R. J., 1987, An Archaeological Field Survey of the Upper Plym Valley, Dartmoor 1982-1986, 23 (Report - Survey). SDV165948.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140671 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 9th April 1995. Simple enclosure at SX57186441 within an historic field system. Survives as a 41 metre by 40.3 metre circular shaped area surrounded by a 2.2 metre wide and 0.4 metre high orthostatic wall with rubble infil. At least two hut circles are visible within the enclosure and both are attached to its inner face. An historic field boundary partly overlies the north circuit of the enclosure walling.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 158,
ap 51, Figure 51.1
(Monograph). SDV137656.

Prehistoric Enclosure (H) within Trowlesworthy Warren was originally a double pound which has the slight remains of a hut circle on the perimeter and another just outside. A pile of stones is shown on Figure 51.1 in the southern part of the enclosure which may have been a clearance cairn.

National Trust and English Heritage, 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape, 9, 102 023 (Report - non-specific). SDV166309.

Circular area enclosed by stone wall. Eastern sector constructed of massive boulders and mound of small stones. A later wall utilises north-west sector and a drain cuts through enclosure from south-east to north-west. To the west of the drain is a pile of stones, 4.90 metres by 4.20 metres of indistinct form, containing three uprights, which may be the remains of a hut circle. Dimensions of area enclosed are 41 metres by 40.30 metres with a wall: 2.20 metres wide and 0.20 metres high in east sector and 0.40 metres high in the northern sector.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Enclosure visible on aerial photograph.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2019, National Heritage List for England, 1019084 (National Heritage List for England). SDV362730.

Subcircular enclosure of 40 metres diameter, defined by a bank of stone 2 metres wide, including boulders a metre or more in height. The single hut circle attached to the south-east bank is 7 metres in diameter with walls one metre thick and 0.4 metres high. The north-west bank of the enclosure has been incorporated into a later intake wall.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 2002 data (Website). SDV362732.

A sub-circular enclosure containing a single hut circle and an amorphous mound on the gently sloping west flank of Little Trowelsworthy Tor. An additional hut and traces of a second enclosure lie to the east and north-east.
The enclosure is 40 metres in diameter and is bounded by robbed stony banks around 1.2 - 1.6 metres wide and 0.4 metres high. The north side has been truncated by a medieval or later field boundary and there are no obvious entrances. There are two associated hut circles and both have been terraced into the slope to provide level interiors and both have suffered from stone removal in later periods. The internal hut at SX 5720 6441 is in poor condition and approximately 4.5 metres in diameter. The external hut circle at SX 5722 6442 measures 5.7 metres north to south by 5.0 metres internally with walls 1.2 metres wide and 0.3 metres high.
Immediately to the north of this hut is a curving stony bank (MDV56758) probably forming part of a contemporary enclosure (citing Probert, S. A. J., 23/05/2002, English Heritage Field Investgation).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 158, ap 51, Figure 51.1.
SDV138979Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX5764. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. SX5764, 3.
SDV147035Article in Serial: Curwen, E. C.. 1943. The Efficiency of a Flint Sickle. Antiquity. 17. Unknown. 46.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV165948Report - Survey: Mercer, R. J.. 1987. An Archaeological Field Survey of the Upper Plym Valley, Dartmoor 1982-1986. Edinburgh Archaeological Services. A4 Comb Bound. 23.
SDV166309Report - non-specific: National Trust and English Heritage. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape. National Trust Archaeological Survey Report. 102.130. A4 Comb Bound. 9, 102 023.
SDV173835Article in Serial: Curwen, E. C.. 1927. Prehistoric Agriculture in Britain. Antiquity. 1. 277.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140671.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #117019 ]
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362730National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2019. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. 1019084.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 2002 data.

Associated Monuments

MDV125569Parent of: Possible cairn on south side of Enclosure 'H' within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56758Related to: East Side of a Prehistoric Enclosure within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52631Related to: Five Clearance Cairns within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2480Related to: Hut circle E east of Enclosure within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2477Related to: Hut circle F, north-east of Enclosure 'H' within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2532Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (C) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV56764Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (F) south-west of Great Trowlesworthy Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV15291Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (I) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2534Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (J) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV15292Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (M) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV52635Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure (N) within Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV15290Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle Settlement (E) at Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)
MDV2507Related to: Prehistoric Settlement (G) near Trowlesworthy Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Oct 11 2019 3:31PM