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HER Number:MDV24818
Name:Tin pits and opencast workings on the south-east flank of Nakers Hill

Summary

Earthworks of medieval or later tin pits and a linear opencast working recorded on the southeast flank of Nakers Hill. Opencast working measures up to 35 metres in width and up to 2 metres in depth. It is mainly flat bottomed but near the foot of the slope it becomes a sharply cut V-sectioned ditch measuring between 2.5 metres to 3.5 metres wide and up to 1.5 metre deep. The associated tin pits range between 3 metres and 5 metres in diameter and occur in several clusters immediately outside the working.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 641 685
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later tin pits and streamworking on Nakers Hill

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NW 77
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/142
  • Pastscape: 1063507
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • OPEN CUT (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))
  • TRIAL PIT (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2366 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Openwork visible extending to SX64106875 in linear form but without major spoilheaps. Line of trial pits running roughly east - west, probably associated with openwork.


English Heritage, 2005, Industrial Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV346396.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape (Website). SDV359354.

Centred SX 64076859. A linear tin working and adjacent clusters of tin pits run north to south in a slight gulley on the southeast flank of Nakers Hill.
The flat-bottomed linear working, up to 2.0 metres deep and on average 20 metres wide (but expanding to 35 metres in places), commences at SX 64096876 and runs to SX 64066852 near the foot of the slope where it becomes a sharply cut V-sectioned ditch. The latter measures 2.5 to 3.5 metres wide and up to 1.5 metres deep. It terminates at SX 64056843 on the edge of Fishlake Mire.
The associated tin pits are relatively small, in the range 3.0 to 5.0 metres in diameter and lie in several apparently random clusters immediately outside the working.
This type of working is somewhat enigmatic. It most closely resembles a streamwork but there are no linear spoilheaps or flowing water in the base of the working. Neither are there the reservoirs or leats usually associated with openworks and eluvial workings though it is possible that these are obscured by the surrounding peat. (citing Probert, S. A. J., 11-NOV-1994, Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2366.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346396Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Industrial Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #84844 ]
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2016 4:35PM