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HER Number:MDV24826
Name:Streamworks on the tributary streams of the Nun's Cross Brook

Summary

Medieval or later streamworks located on the tributary streams of the Nun's Cross Brook. An archaeological field survey in 1995 recorded the earthworks as well preserved, covering an area of 4.2 hectares. The earthworks are up to 2 metres deep and 60 metres wide, comprising many dry water channels and linear spoil heaps from extraction and initial processing of the alluvial tin. They appear to pre-date a line of tin pits, which cut the east tributary of the stream. A line of small tin pits and a small openwork, 100 metres long, up to 1.5 metres deep and 3 metres wide mark the beginning of the west tributary, before the streamworks proper develop.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 613 701
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork remains of medieval or later streamworks on the tributary streams of the Nun's Cross Brook, tinners pits, openworks and buildings
  • SHINE: Extensive earthwork and structural remains of the late 18th century Devonport Leat, Bronze Age features north-east of Nun’s Cross, Whiteworks Tin Mine and other tinning remains on Walkhampton Common as well as earthworks of Bachelors Hall Mine

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NW 137
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/159
  • Pastscape: 1063978
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STREAMWORKS (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV249853.

Large streamwork (without visible spoilheaps) which joins another streamwork at sx60806967 (rchm app 1985).


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV249854.

Aph=raf/cpe/uk 1890/2363(10/12/1946).


English Heritage, 2005, Industrial Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV346396.


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape (Website). SDV359354.

Streamworks on the tributary streams of the Nun's Cross Brook, centred at SX 60806925, occupy an area of some 4.2 hectares. The workings are well preserved and are up to 2 metres deep and 60 metres wide, with many dry water channels and linear spoil heaps from extraction and initial processing of the alluvial tin.
They appear to pre-date a line of tin pits (NMR SX 66 NW 112), which cut the eastern tributary of the stream. A line of small tin pits and a small openwork, 100 metres long, up to 1.5 metres deep and 3 metre wide mark the beginning of the western tributary, before the streamworks proper develop.
These streamworks form the tributaries of a large complex to the south, on the headwaters of the Swincombe River, recorded as NMR SX 67 SW 106 (citing Riley, H., Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Field Investigation, 23/01/1995).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV249853Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV249854Aerial Photograph:
SDV346396Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Industrial Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #84846 ]
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website.

Associated Monuments

MDV116649Related to: Line of trial pits on the north-west slopes of Crane Hill (Monument)
MDV24827Related to: Long line of tin pits south-east of Nun's Cross Ford (Monument)
MDV24829Related to: Openworks to the south-east of Nun's Cross Ford (Monument)
MDV24828Related to: Tin pits south of Nun's Cross Farm (Monument)
MDV116651Related to: Trial pits west of Crane Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 12 2018 4:18PM