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HER Number:MDV2494
Name:Longhouse on Penn Moor, Cornwood


Parkland Newtake a long-house shown on modern mapping on Penn Moor and built into the bank with small enclosures. The building is not present on earlier maps


Grid Reference:SX 597 619
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/64

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LONGHOUSE (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Not shown on 19th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1953, 58/1110, 0040 (Aerial Photograph). SDV157241.

Photograph taken on 5th May 1953.

Linehan, C. D., 1966, Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon, 136-7, Table 2, Figure 57 (Article in Serial). SDV307246.

Parkland Newtake, long-house built into the bank with small enclosures near to hut circles.

Haynes, R. G., 1966-1969, Ruined Sites on Dartmoor, 106, Plan (Un-published). SDV150434.

Site visited on 30th March 1966. The turf covered outline of a simple longhouse. Very indistinct. Lies within modern enclosures to which it is connected by a single dilapidated wall. The house is built against a bank on its west side.

Silvester, R. J., 1977, Earthwork (Worksheet). SDV8568.

Longhouse with adjacent enclosure.

Silvester, R. J., 1977, Lee Moor Survey (Report - Survey). SDV346349.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Not recorded on aerial photograph.

Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Environment Agency, 2011, LIDAR data JPEG images (2 metre resolution) (Cartographic). SDV348634.

Rectangular feature viisble on Lidar image.

Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Remains of longhouse depicted on modern mapping.

White, P., 2013, Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads, Parkland Newtake (Un-published). SDV352501.

Parkland Newtake a deserted longhouse.

National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, 439318, SX56SE74 (Website). SDV359354.

A deserted Medieval site, consisting of a single house, built along a bank, with two entrances on the lower side and a room at the upper end. Adjoining are small enclosures, and a number of hut circles with their enclosures nearby. Parkland is mentioned in 1333.
A longhouse-type building aligned with a south-west slope, the north-east end being excavated to a depth of 1.3 metres. Internally it measures 16.0 metres by 4.7 metres shorter and wider than the usual longhouse; the turf-covered rubble walling is 0.9 metres thick and generally 0.5 metres high. The south-east side of the building has been partly levelled and the reported internal sub division is not now clearly defined.
There is no reason to suppose it is not of Medieval origin but the lack of any ancillary buildings suggests that it was not a farmstead. (The name might indicate an association with a deerpark).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV150434Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1966-1969. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Ruined Sites on Dartmoor. Manuscript + Digital. 106, Plan.
SDV157241Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1953. 58/1110. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 0040.
SDV307246Article in Serial: Linehan, C. D.. 1966. Deserted Sites and Rabbit-Warrens on Dartmoor, Devon. Medieval Archaeology. 10. Digital. 136-7, Table 2, Figure 57.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV346349Report - Survey: Silvester, R. J.. 1977. Lee Moor Survey. Devon Committee for Rescue Archaeology Register. Unknown.
SDV348634Cartographic: Environment Agency. 2011. LIDAR data JPEG images (2 metre resolution). Digital.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #84873 ]
SDV352501Un-published: White, P.. 2013. Previously Unsurveyed Dartmoor Historic Farmsteads. Excel Spreadsheet. Parkland Newtake.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. 439318, SX56SE74.
SDV8568Worksheet: Silvester, R. J.. 1977. Earthwork. Worksheet + Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV79189Related to: Settlement site east of Cholwich Town China Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:Feb 26 2016 3:18PM