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HER Number:MDV2518
Name:Ring barrow on Ridding Down, Cornwood

Summary

A low mound encircled by a narrow scarp and outer bank are clearly visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on the gentle south-facing slopes on the higher unenclosed saddle of land of Ridding Down. It is one of a pair of prehistoric round barrows recorded on Ridding Down.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 580 613
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1002586: Two round barrows on Ridding Down
  • SHINE: Prehistoric barrows and hut platforms, remains of parallel reave system dating to the Bronze Age and enclosure of unknown date on Ridding Down
  • SHINE: Prehistoric barrows and hut platforms, remains of parallel reave system dating to the Bronze Age and enclosure of unknown date on Ridding Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439312
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/77
  • Old SAM County Ref: 721A
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56SE 72
  • Pastscape: 439312

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN? (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))
  • ROUND BARROW (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1951, RAF/540/483, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4253-4254 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352103.

A low mound and encircling bank are visible as vegetation covered earthworks.

Ordnance Survey, 1969, OS/69296, OS/69296 V 008-009 29-JUN-1969 (Aerial Photograph). SDV361475.

A low mound and encircling bank with vegetation covered stones are visible as earthworks.

Ministry of Public Building and Works, 1969, Two Round Barrows on Ridding Down (Schedule Document). SDV343366.

Site visit in May 1969. A 'Flat' barrow: circular platform 59 feet diameter and approximately 18 inches high. Kerb of small moorstones clearly visible. Other details: Map, site (a).

Ordnance Survey, 1977, SX56SE 72 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343364.

A barrow 60 feet in diameter and 1.5 feet high. It is flat topped and has a stone rim. Other details: Plan, site (a).

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX5860, 2 (Aerial Photograph). SDV343365.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 136 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Site visit 7th May 1976. Truncated cairn, with remains of retaining circle. Diameter 20.0 metres, heig 0.3 metres. Sited - saddle.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Untitled Source (Interpretation). SDV343367.

Barrow visible and recorded.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5861 01-JUN-2002 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A low mound and encircling bank are visible as earthworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5861 030-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A low ring bank with protruding stones are visible as subtle earthworks, surrounded by evidence of groundworks.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5861 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A ring bank is visible as a subtle earthwork.

Fletcher, M., 2002, The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report, 4 (Report - Survey). SDV343412.

Other details: Figure 3 and Crownhill Down Survey.

Greeves, T. A. P., 2003, Ridding Down Cairn (Ground Photograph). SDV346024.

Photo of Ridding Down in 2003 showing the cairn rather well in its context of rough moorland.

National Monuments Record, 2009, 439312 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343508.

Two prehistoric round barrows situated on a gentle north facing slope in open moorland. The original form and composition of this barrow is unclear. It is now visible as a well defined flat topped mound apparently retained by a possibly contiguous ring of upright stones set within an earthen bank or scarp. The mound is up to 22 metres diamater and the granite retaining ring is 15.6 metres diameter. The interior is approximately 0.2 metres above ground level and some boulders within the rim protrude 0.1 metres above the earthen bank.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 107 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally unsatisfactory condition. Principal vulnerability extensive stock erosion.

English Heritage, 2010, Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West, 99 (Report - non-specific). SDV344777.

Knight, S., 2010, Ridding Down Forestry South Hams Site Visit (Personal Comment). SDV345960.

Barrow damaged, English Heritage are investigating. Stones not visible and earthwork much reduced.

English Heritage, 2011, Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West, 104 (Report - non-specific). SDV355280.

Generally unsatisfactory condition. Declining.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5861 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A low mound and encircling bank are visible as earthworks.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A low mound encircled by a narrow scarp and outer bank are clearly visible on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards, on the gentle south-facing slopes on the higher unenclosed saddle of land of Ridding Down.
The earthworks are interpreted as the remains of a ring cairn or barrow of Bronze Age date.
The low central mound is slightly irregularly shaped and measures up to 11m across. The ring bank, circa 2m wide, is separated from the mound by a scarp 1-2m wide and encloses an area 13 to 14m across. A slight external scarp is detectable.
The earthworks are most clearly visible on aerial photographs of the mid to late 1960s. They remain clearly identifiable on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2002 but have suffered significant erosion from ground improvement on images of 2007, where the stones in the enclosing bank are clearly identifiable.
The earthworks are barely visible on digital images derived from aerial photographs taken in 2016 and remain visible as only as very subtle earthworks on visualisations derived from lidar data captured in 2013.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 136.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 107.
SDV343364Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey. 1977. SX56SE 72. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343365Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX5860. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2.
SDV343366Schedule Document: Ministry of Public Building and Works. 1969. Two Round Barrows on Ridding Down. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343367Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Unknown. Unknown.
SDV343412Report - Survey: Fletcher, M.. 2002. The Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Ridding Down: Survey Report. English Heritage Report. AI/31/2002. A4 Stapled + Digital. 4.
SDV343508National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 439312. National Monuments Record Index. A4 Stapled + Digital.
SDV344777Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2010. Heritage at Risk Register 2010: South West. English Heritage Report. Digital. 99.
SDV345960Personal Comment: Knight, S.. 2010. Ridding Down Forestry South Hams Site Visit. Not Applicable.
SDV346024Ground Photograph: Greeves, T. A. P.. 2003. Ridding Down Cairn. A4 Single Sheet + Digital.
SDV352103Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1951. RAF/540/483. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RS 4253-4254 27-FEB-1946.
SDV355280Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2011. Heritage at Risk Register 2011: South West. english Heritage. Digital. 104.
SDV361475Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. 1969. OS/69296. Ordnance Survey. Photograph (Paper). OS/69296 V 008-009 29-JUN-1969.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5861 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5861 01-JUN-2002.

Associated Monuments

MDV2560Related to: Prehistoric round barrow on Ridding Down (Monument)
MDV126781Related to: Ring barrow on Ridding Down, Cornwood (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4559 - Archaeological Landscape of Crownhill Down and Riddding Down
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:37PM