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HER Number:MDV25363
Name:The Holne Town Gutter Leat

Summary

Leat supplying several dwellings in the Holne area. The present leat starts on the Venford Brook and follows a sinuous course between the 340m and 295m contours before disappearing into enclosed land. Different courses of this feature are visible across Holne Moor. At SX 6888 7035 a branch leaves the leat and flows north to supply West Stoke Farm. The Holne Town Gutter is also augmented by water from the Holne Moor Leat.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 682 702
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 250
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/145/5
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/263
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/415
  • Old SAM Ref: 28771
  • Pastscape: 1078182

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (Constructed, Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2373-2374, 4362-4365 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Robins, J., 1984, Follow the Leat, 39 (Monograph). SDV352718.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

(SX 6641 7084) Leat extending from tin streaming area at SX 6577 7086 to another tin streaming area at SX 6734 7055 having crossed to other tin streaming areas. Approximate length 1800m. Is joined by leat SX67SE/265 at SX 6608 7076. Visible on 1946 aerial photograph.
(SX 6810 7027) 'Leat' shown on aerial photograph transcription by Royal Commission on the Historic Monuments in England Aerial Photograph Project - no reference given.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152255 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(17/05/1999) The northern of two leats cutting through an agglomerated enclosure situated 330m south-west of Horn's Cross. It follows outer face of the eastern enclosure. Measures 1.7m wide, 0.7m deep with a 1.5m wide and 0.5m high bank on the downslope side.

Probert, S. A. J., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(25/04/1996) SX 6577 7081 to SX 6959 6970. The Holne Town Gutter (Robins 1982, 39), a leat supplying several dwellings in the Holne area. The present leat starts on the Venford Brook at SX 6787 7022 and follows a sinuous course between the 340m and 295m contours before disappearing into enclosed land at SX 6959 6970. Different courses of this feature are visible across Holne Moor from its original start, at SX 7577 7081 on a tributary of the O Brook, to a termination at SX 6975 6974 slightly to the north of The Shanty. At SX 6888 7035 a branch leaves the leat and flows north to supply West Stoke Farm. The Holne Town Gutter is also augmented by water from the Holne Moor Leat (SX 67 SE 262) at a point 150m west of The Shanty.

Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2010, Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010 (Report - Survey). SDV347530.

Part of Holne Town Gutter Leat surveyed and recorded running between SX679702 and SX704694. (Stream to Venford Reservoir, Holy Brook) Take-off at stream flowing to Venford Reservoir. First 1.0 kilometer attractive and well walked. Good selection of water/bog plants. Flow diminishes beyond take-off; channel becomes overgrown and disappears off common under wall around 'The Shanty'. Other details: T:\Dartmoor Leats Survey / Q:\MAPDATA\HISTORIC\LeatsProject. Map object based on this Source.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Leat depicted on the modern mapping. Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2373-2374, 4362-4365.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #86408 ]
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152255.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV347530Report - Survey: Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2010. Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010. Dartmoor Trust. Digital.
SDV352718Monograph: Robins, J.. 1984. Follow the Leat. Follow the Leat. Unknown. 39.

Associated Monuments

MDV12989Related to: Enclosed hut circle settlement 350m south-west of Horn's Cross (Monument)
MDV25439Related to: Part of the Holne Town Gutter leat (Monument)
MDV25362Related to: Southern leat on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6268Related to: Wheal Emma Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7062 - Survey of the Wheal Emma Leat, Dartmoor
  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Jun 5 2020 2:10PM