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HER Number:MDV2539
Name:Prehistoric Hut Circle in the east of Enclosure (A) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior

Summary

One of four hut circles of probable prehistoric date identified by field and aerial survey within an enclosed settlement on the north-west facing slopes of a spur to the north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House. The hut circle was identifiable as an earthwork bank on aerial photographs of 1946, an arc of stones on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and an earthwork bank and hollow on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 567 648
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/89/3

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Hut circle shown on 19th century map.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Hut circle shown on early 20th century map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

A vegetation covered circular bank is visible.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159-160, Map 51, Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Hut 1 on the east side of Enclosure 1 is one of the largest pair in the enclosure built of massive slabs and opening to the south-west.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 54, Hut Circle (e) (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Hut Circle (e) at SX56716488 adjoins the south-east sector of the enclosure but the relationship is masked by later stone clearance. Massively built circular structrue in which the inner and outer faces in the southern sector are well preserved with a rubble core. The inner face consists of large orthostats and the outer face comprises low facing stones. An orthostat set transversely across the south-west sector may indicate an entrance. Diameter 5.5 metres internally and 8 metres externally with a height up to 1.5 metres.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

A curvilinear bank is visible as a spread earthwork.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A curvilinear arc of stones is visible.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Hut circle visible on aerial photograph.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439172, SX56SE23 (Website). SDV362732.

At SX 56716488 a hut circle measuring 5.2 metres north to south by 5.7 metres internally with walls 1.3 metres wide and 0.7 metres high containing several upright slabs. The walls of this hut are overlain by clearance stone.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A hut circle of probable Bronze Age to Iron Age date is visible on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017 as a roughly circular bank up to 3.5m wide defining an oval or sub-rectangular hollow or platform up to approximately 5m across, abutting or abutted by the inner face of the bank forming the eastern edge of the enclosed hut circle settlement MDV15287.
Packed stones are identifiable within the bank material on the 2007 imagery, indicating the possible original wall or bank width of circa 2m, but these are less visible closer to the outer enclosure bank
The hut circle is one of four recorded and transcribed as part of the banked enclosure MDV15287.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159-160, Map 51, Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 54, Hut Circle (e).
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 4290-4291 10-DEC-1946.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX5664 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439172, SX56SE23.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5664 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV15287Part of: Prehistoric hut circle settlement north of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2537Related to: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2538Related to: Hut Circle north-west of Trowlesworthy Warren House, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2536Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle in the north of Enclosure (A) in Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon
  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 10 2019 12:17PM