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HER Number:MDV25399
Name:Holne Moor Leat

Summary

Holne Moor or Hamlyn's Leat extends from a tin streaming area at SX66327114 and following the contours and parallel to the Wheal Emma Leat. Extends on to SX69326929. The leat covers a distance of approximately 6.5 kilometres. The leat was cut in the early 19th century to provide water for the Buckfastleigh Textile Mills. Surveyed and recorded in the Dartmoor Trust Leats Project.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 679 706
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE262
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1087648
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/250
  • Old SAM Ref: 22370

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (Post Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1540 AD (Between) to 1901 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

'Holne Moor Leat' marked on the Ordnance Survey 6 inch (1906) map.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2371-2375 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Other details: also 4366-4368.

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX6969, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV171332.

Robins, J., 1983, Follow the Leat (Monograph). SDV352718.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Holne Moor Leat extends from a tin streaming area at SX66327114 and following the contours and parallel to the Wheal Emma Leat. Extends on to SX69337000. Marked on the Ordnance Survey 1954 map. Visible on 1946 Royal Air Force aerial photographs. Covers a distance of approximately 6.5 kilometres.

Devon County Council, 1988, JW, 9a, 10 (Aerial Photograph). SDV168350.

Devon County Council, 1990, QF, 1-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV168351.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

(06/01/1997) SX 66577115 to SX 69196964. The Holne Moor Leat formerly used to augment the water supply to the Buckfast Plating Company (Robins 1982, 33) - now feeding the Holne Town Gutter (SX 67 SE 250). This substantial feature remains in use over much of its length is is still maintained. It rises on the O Brook at SX 66477115, N of Horse Ford, and flows for approximately 3km before entering a pipe to flow beneath Venford Reservoir. It reappears at SX 69027085 in a small fenced enclosure and flows SE for a further 1.5km before joining the Holne Town Gutter at SX 69466978. Originally it was carried across the Holne Town Gutter and ran eastwards to join a tributary of the River Mardle from where it was extracted by the Buckfast Plating Company for use in the chrome plating process.
There is no indication as to the origin of this feature though Robins states that the plating company occupies the site of a former corn and woollen mill also supplied by this leat.
This leat bifurcates at SX 66797204, a short branch leaves the main feature to supply Combestone Farm.

Department for Culture, Media and Sport, 2001, Prehistoric fields, settlements and cairn south east of Venford Reservoir forming part of the Dartmeet coaxial field system (Schedule Document). SDV168347.

Part of this scheduled area includes Holne Moor or Hamlyn's Leat. Cut in the early 19th century to provide water for Buckfastleigh Textile Mills. Other details: SAM: 22370.

English Heritage, 2005, Leats Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV347529.

Course of the leat depicted on the digital survey information. Map object based on this Source.

Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority, 2010, Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010 (Report - Survey). SDV347530.

Holne Moor Leat surveyed and recorded running between SX662711-SX697692. (O Brook - Holy Brook) Crosses Venford dam by a syphon. Holne Moor owned by Dartmoor National Park Authority - recent clearance completed. East of dam is Holne Commoners' responsibility - almost all access land and a well-used walking route. Generally flows well. Other details: T:\Dartmoor Leats Survey / Q:\MAPDATA\HISTORIC\LeatsProject.

Ordnance Survey, 2020, MasterMap 2020 (Cartographic). SDV363413.

The modern mapping is fairly accurate for this feature and matches the 2015 aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV168347Schedule Document: Department for Culture, Media and Sport. 2001. Prehistoric fields, settlements and cairn south east of Venford Reservoir forming part of the Dartmeet coaxial field system. The Schedule of Monuments. Digital.
SDV168350Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1988. JW. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 9a, 10.
SDV168351Aerial Photograph: Devon County Council. 1990. QF. Devon Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1-8.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2371-2375.
SDV171332Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX6969. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV347529Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Leats Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV347530Report - Survey: Dartmoor Trust and Dartmoor National Park Authority. 2010. Dartmoor Trust Leats Project 2009-2010. Dartmoor Trust. Digital.
SDV352718Monograph: Robins, J.. 1983. Follow the Leat. Follow the Leat. Unknown.
SDV363413Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2020. MasterMap 2020. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #126705 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV126409Related to: Cist within reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV129750Related to: Eastern of two hut circles at enclosures south-west of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV12985Related to: Enclosures with a hut south-west of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV6398Related to: Hut circle adjacent to the Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV129726Related to: Hut circle at remains of enclosure to the south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam. Holne (Monument)
MDV26358Related to: Hut in enclosure east of the Wheal Emma Leat, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6467Related to: Hut in group south of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV6469Related to: Hut in group south of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV6470Related to: Hut in group south of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV6379Related to: Oval enclosure with two huts south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne (Monument)
MDV6388Related to: Pair of hut circles near leat west of Holne Reservoir (Monument)
MDV113635Related to: Remains of wall of enclosure to the south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam. Holne (Monument)
MDV64120Related to: Round cairn south-west of Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne (Monument)
MDV26375Related to: Streamworking on the Venford Brook, north and south of Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV113643Related to: Two clearance cairns south-west of the Venford Reservoir Dam, Holne (Monument)
MDV129752Related to: Western of two hut circles at enclosures south-west of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey

Date Last Edited:Dec 17 2021 3:57PM