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HER Number:MDV2544
Name:Prehistoric enclosure south-west of Shadyback Tor, Shaugh Prior


Western of two Prehistoric enclosures to the south-west of Shadyback Tor. Enclosure 'F' (Butler) contains at least one hut circle. The northern sector has been replaced by a later wall


Grid Reference:SX 565 648
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/90
  • Old SAM Ref: 24232

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Enclosure visible on 19th century map with the northern section represented by a wall.

Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Enclosure shown on early 20th century map.

National Monument Record, 1976, SX5664, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV175071.

Photograph taken on 8th April 1976.

Price, D. G., 1977, Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren, 44, Figure 1 (Article in Serial). SDV150433.

Two internal hut circles 8-9 metres in diameter in enclosure. Stone-free interior and a marked lynchet dividing the pound into two parts. Massive stones and boulders, plus a high mound in places.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Agglomerated enclosure visible, of two elements, containing one hut circle.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140624, (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Site visited on 1st April 1995. Two enclosures at SX 5652 6479 and SX 5658 6482. Agglomerated enclosure forming part of a partially enclosed hut settlement. At least two distinct enclosed areas are visible. The relationship between the enclosures indicates that the western enclosure was built first. Enclosure 'A' survives as a 51 metre by 35 metre oval area surrounded by a 2.5 metres wide and 0.6 metres high rubble wall with occasional orthostats. Three hut circles lie within the enclosure which is also sub-divided by a 2.0 metre wide and 0.8 metres high lynchet leading north-south through the enclosure. Part of the north circuit of the enclosure has been removed by a post-medieval field, though this may still survive as a buried feature and is known from cartographic evidence to have existed as a boundary wall up until at least 1904. A length of field boundary leading south from the south-west corner of the enclosure may form part of Enclosure B.
Enclosure B which is irregular in shape, measures 63 metres by at least 55 metres and is defined by a 4.0 metre wide partly faced rubble wall standing up to 0.4 metres high. Two hut circles lie within the enclosure. The southern part of the enclosure has been removed by a post-medieval field and therefore its original extent is unknown.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 159-160, Map 51 Figure 51.3 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Prehistoric Enclosure 'F' south-west of Shadyback Tor is too badly damaged for the complete plan to be established. One hut circle with adjoining walls is shown in Enclosure 'F'.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 57, 102 156 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Sub-rectangular enclosure at SX56556480 is 51 metres by 35 metres with a wall 0.6 metres high. It is disturbed by a later field boundary in the north-west sector and by a track and later wall in southern sector. The west side is marked by a lynchet with a stone revetment on the west side. Some large orthostats are visible in the wall. The east side is also defined by a lynchet with retaining wall on the west side.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360209.

Most of the boundary visible on Lidar data.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Southern part of enclosure visible on survey

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Some of the boundary clearly visible on aerial photograph. The north-western section of the enclosure is visible within the later field to the north.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Enclosure shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 439175, SX56SE24 (Website). SDV362732.

Centred SX 56586482 are two adjoining sub-circular enclosures each containing a single hut circle. They lie in open ground between two later fields 150 metres west of Trowlesworthy Warren House. All prehistoric features have been robbed for walling stone in later periods.
The western enclosure measures 42 metres north to south by 55 metres and possesses a central terraced platform on which lies a hut circle. The hut at SX 56556480 measures 3.8 metres in diameter with robbed walls 1.2 metres wide and 0.1 metres high. The interior is littered with small stone, presumably the result of later field clearance. Immediately to the south of this lies a similarly disturbed feature, 4.0 metres in diameter, which may represent a second hut.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 159-160, Map 51 Figure 51.3.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 57, 102 156.
SDV150433Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1977. Settlement at Trowlesworthy Warren. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 109. 44, Figure 1.
SDV175071Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1976. SX5664. 1.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140624,.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV360209Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DSM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. [Mapped feature: #119267 ]
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 439175, SX56SE24.

Associated Monuments

MDV56788Parent of: Hut circles within enclosure to south-west of Shadyback Tor. Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14148Related to: Trowlesworthy Warren (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7369 - Survey of Granite Loading Bays at Trowlesworthy, Devon

Date Last Edited:Aug 16 2019 2:09PM