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HER Number:MDV2553
Name:Ring cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works

Summary

On a slight south-east facing slope at 298 metres above sea level (at SX56006317) is the remains of a cairn, measuring 16.5 metres in diameter overall and averaging 0.5 metres high. It has been extensively robbed leaving an incomplete rim of stones and an uneven interior. Perimeter stones may be evidence of a retaining kerb. The cairn is abutted to the west by later prospecting pits. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites. The cairn is visible as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946 onwards.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 560 631
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Large damaged bronze age ring cairn on Saddlesborough, Shaugh Moor

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439423
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/95
  • Pastscape: 439423
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3257-3258 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

A roughly oval earthwork bank is visible.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A roughly oval earthwork bank is visible.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56SE112 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV147432.

On a slight south-east facing slope at 298 metres above sea level (at SX56006317) is the remains of a cairn, measuring 16.5 metres in diameter overall and averaging 0.5 metres high. It has been extensively robbed leaving an incomplete rim of stones and an uneven interior. A number of large stones on the perimeter suggest a retaining kerb.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Visible and recorded.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West (Monograph). SDV137656.

One of four cairns depicted on map at this location. Other details: Map 48.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, 4-5 (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

Ring cairn adjacent to tinner's pits.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5663 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A roughly oval earthwork bank is visible.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

(Depicted on English Heritage GIS survey layer). The remains of an impressive, though extensively disturbed ring cairn are located at SX56016317 on a gentle south-east facing slope 130 meters from the summit area of Saddlesborough at 298 meters above Ordnance Datum. It survives as an amorphous turf-covered ragged `rim' of stones.

Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM26 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 05/09/2019. The site description is good with no change. A clearly identifiable cairn but 90% covered in bracken. The side stones are visible and the site is clearly a 16.5meter diameter cairn.There is a close farmer’s vehicle / walking path to the southeast of site. Also 6meters from cairn is a drain and an active China Clay spoil heap (see photo). The path and China clay works does not impinge on the site and no damage is being caused. The site is stable. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM26 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 05/09/2019. Photo taken looking south east showing the cairn side stones and the spoil heaps.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

An irregular bank circa 2.5 to 4m wide is visible defining a roughly oval hollow or terraced enclosed area approximately 9.5 by 13.5m across, on the slight south-east facing slopes at Saddlesborough, Shaugh Moor.
The mound is interpreted as a possible ring cairn of Bronze Age date.
The cairn is abutted and possibly overlain to the west by spoil from a later prospecting pit, and whilst it’s appearance might indicate a degree of disturbance or robbing, it does not appear to have been directly impacted by more recent extractive activity to the south.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume.
SDV147432Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56SE112. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown. 4-5.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM26.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3257-3258 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0382-0383 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM26.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5663 31-MAY-2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV28564Related to: Cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV79252Related to: Cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works (Monument)
MDV2433Related to: Ring cairn on Shaugh Moor, north of the China Clay Works (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor
  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Dec 20 2019 4:22PM