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HER Number:MDV2575
Name:Hut circle in field to the south of the Saddlesborough reave, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Hut circle in field to the south of the Saddlesborough reave

Location

Grid Reference:SX 554 633
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 SE 49
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX84NW/24
  • Old SAM County Ref: 431
  • Pastscape: 439248

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • HUT CIRCLE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV352279.

A bank enclosing an oval hollow is visible.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2299-2300 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Ralegh Radford, C. A., 1953, Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors, 73 (Article in Serial). SDV337080.

Royal Air Force, 1964, RAF/58/6399, RAF/58/6399 F64 0381-0382 02-JUL-1964 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363068.

A bank enclosing an oval hollow is visible.

Price, D. G., 1973, Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor, 90/map (Article in Serial). SDV147593.

National Monuments Record, 1978, NMR SX5563, 3/223 (Aerial Photograph). SDV152488.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56SE49, SX56SE49 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV150218.

Robinson, R., 1982, List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982 (Un-published). SDV345608.

Department of Environment Field Monument Warden site visit 21st April 1982.

Collis, J., 1983, Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor, 59 60 fig 6 (Article in Serial). SDV144058.

House "B". Double row of stones up to 1.0 metre high forming wall 0.6 - 0.7 metres thick with internal diameter of 6.5 metres, entrance 1.0 metre wide. A cross stone links house with reave (SX56SE-115) and there is a limit of another north-south wall west of this, perhaps forming an outhouse.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 103-4, Map 48, Figure 48.4 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Hut circle '2' of 7.4 metres diameter within Settlement 'D' straddling the Saddlesborough reave system associated with the narrow rectangular fields butting the reave. It is attached to the main reave and the adjacent bank and has double skinned walls of large blocks which are mostly in place.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

(Visited 02/12/1997) Centred at SX 5542 6338. A row of four hut circles situated on a west-facing hillslope in moorland lie between 258 metres and 267 metres above OD. Three of the huts which occur within the parallel reave system (SX 56 SE 78) almost certainly pre-date it as does the fourth hut which lies in isolation beyond the terminal reave.
SX 5542 6338. A very fine hut circle levelled into the slope. It measures 11.1 metres (north-south) by 11.9 metres with a level interior which is 7.1 metres (north-south) by 8.1 metres with a 0.5 metre high back scarp. The wall with a boulder/stone core is faced internally and externally with slabs and boulders on average 0.6 metres high. The well-defined entrance is in the west quadrant.
The field evidence suggests that the reave was built against the hut. The area has been generally disfigured by tracks, paths and water gullies.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A bank enclosing an oval hollow is visible.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Hut circle shown on survey.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A bank enclosing an oval hollow is visible.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on the aerial photography.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM19 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 03/08/2019. Clearly visible in the landscape with low level bracken growing around the raised ground around the circle. The associated reaves are in good condition, clear and distinct in the landscape. The site is lightly visited by walkers and grazed by animals. The site is stable. The Royal Commission Shaugh Moor survey, 1997 description is good. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM19 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 03/08/2019. Photo taken looking south giving an overall view of the hut circle

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A bank is visible as an earthwork under scrub vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 and 1964, enclosing a roughly oval hollow or terrace up to circa 9m in diameter, south-east of the junction of two reave earthworks on the north-facing slopes of Shaugh Moor.
The visible earthwork is interpreted as the remains of a hut circle of Bronze Age date that probably predates the adjacent reave earthwork.
The bank and hollow remain visible as earthworks on digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 to 2016, on which substantial stone settings are visible within the bank, possibly defining the original extent of the hut circle.
The bank is identifiable as a probably spread earthwork 3m to 4m wide on visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Hut circle shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1002520 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

The monument includes four stone hut circles with parts of the Saddlesborough reave and the Shaugh Moor coaxial field system on a hillside overlooking the Plym Valley. The four stone hut circles straddle the Saddlesborough reave and three are within narrow rectangular fields which form part of the Shaugh Moor coaxial field system. Two stone hut circles abut the Saddlesborough reave and two separate cross reaves. The stone hut circles vary in size from 4 metres to 8 metres in diameter internally and are composed of a combination of rubble and double stone faced walls standing up to 2 metres wide and 1 metre high.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 103-4, Map 48, Figure 48.4.
SDV144058Article in Serial: Collis, J.. 1983. Field Systems and Boundaries on Shaugh Moor and at Wotter, Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 41. A5 Paperback. 59 60 fig 6.
SDV147593Article in Serial: Price, D. G.. 1973. Ancient fields on Shaugh Moor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 105. Unknown. 90/map.
SDV150218Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56SE49. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown. SX56SE49.
SDV152488Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1978. NMR SX5563. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3/223.
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2299-2300.
SDV337080Article in Serial: Ralegh Radford, C. A.. 1953. Prehistoric Settlements on Dartmoor and the Cornish Moors. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 18. Digital. 73.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #129787 ]
SDV345608Un-published: Robinson, R.. 1982. List of Field Monument Warden Visits 1982. Lists of Field Monument Warden Visits. Printout.
SDV352279Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/3G/TUD/UK/223 Vp 2 5140-5141 12-JUL-1946.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5563 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM19.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363068Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1964. RAF/58/6399. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/58/6399 F64 0381-0382 02-JUL-1964.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM19.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5563 31-MAY-2016.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1002520.

Associated Monuments

MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV2590Related to: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV43443Related to: Hut circle in field to the south of the Saddlesborough reave, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV43444Related to: Hut circle on south side of Saddlesborough reave on Shaugh Moor. Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2573Related to: Saddlesborough Reave, Shaugh Moor and Shaden moor (Monument)
MDV2590Part of: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)
MDV2590Related to: Shaugh Moor parallel reave field system (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Apr 18 2021 11:29AM