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HER Number:MDV2583
Name:Western Stone Row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior

Summary

Western of two poorly preserved stone rows, each with a cairn at the north end, on the crest of the ridge to the east of Collard Tor.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 558 620
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439259
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/173
  • Old SAM County Ref: 283
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56SE 53

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STONE ALIGNMENT (Constructed, LANEBA to Late Bronze Age - 2500 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ministry of Works, Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common (Schedule Document). SDV343478.

Two low cairns with associated stone rows. The rows extend down slope and are of small stones, circa 2 feet, and 2 feet 6 inches to three feet apart. That of (b) ends in a transverse "Blocking Stone" - three feet nine inches high. Fair condition, though the rows are incomplete. Other details: Map.

Unknown, Untitled Source (Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry). SDV343486.

Not recorded during Royal Commission on Historical Monuments air photo project 1985.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 291 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

A single stone row (Collard Tor), about 65 metres long, direction of length north 2 degrees 10 seconds east. Row much disturbed and probably shortened. Cairn at northern end. Row no 11.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1976, SX56SE 53 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343483.

The remains of a cairn 25 feet in diameter, with a stone row running from it, in a southerly direction. The row is 215 feet long from the centre of the cairn, ten stones are standing, ten fallen and four sunken. Other details: Plans.

Unknown, 1963, More Dartmoor Damage, 6 (Article in Serial). SDV343482.

Recent unauthorised excavation of westernmost of stone rows reported.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Emmett, D. D., 1979, Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered, 111 (Article in Serial). SDV251087.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 106-9, Map 48, Figure 48.6 (Monograph). SDV137656.

The western stone row of 65 metres long with gaps for only five out of the original 34 stones of which 11 are still standing. The stones are spaced about 2.0 metres apart and stand on average 0.78 metres high ending at a pillar 0.9 metres high set at right angles. The cairn at the north end is 9.0 metres in diameter by 0.3 metres high with a hollow centre.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

Two poorly preserved single stone rows each focused upon a disturbed cairn lie on the crest of the ridge east of Collard Tor overlooking Wotter. The rows which slightly diverge as they get further from the cairns are between 17 to 19 metres apart. These two stone rows have possibly been slighted; there are as few as eight or nine upright, in situ slabs in each row. The remainder are difficult to interpret and some may be natural earthfast boulders.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Row shown on survey.

National Monuments Record, 2009, 439259 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343480.

Two stone rows each headed by a cairn. The rows which are oriented appoximately north-south, diverge from their northern ends and are from 17 to 19 metres apart; a field bank interrupts the course of the east row. The precise lengths of the rows are difficult to determine partly because they appear to have been slighted and partly because of the presence of clitter and earthfast stones which hamper indentification of the individual stones. The deduced lengths of these rows (excluding the cairns) are 75.4 metres and up to 97.2 metres respectively however because of the disturbed nature of each row these measurements are by no means certain. A count of the upright and clearly definable stones revealed 10 in the west row and 13 in the east row , but these figures provide a totally misleading picture of the somewhat jumbled and chaotic distribution of moorstones in each alignment. The heights of the uprights range from 0.3 metres to 0.9 metres with one very large damaged stone 1.3 metres high. Other details: SX56SE 53.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with minor localised problems. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM8 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 06/06/2019. All ten standing stones are firmly set in the ground and there is no indication of movement or deterioration since previous 1998 survey

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

Western of two 'Stone Rows' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1003829 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes two single stone alignments and two cairns situated on a gentle south facing slope on Wotter Common overlooking the valley of the Tory Brook. Both alignments are orientated north to south, have cairns at their northern ends and terminal stones at their southern ends.

The western stone alignment includes a metres long row of at least 11 upright stones with an average height of 0.8 metres. A further 18 fallen and buried stones are known and the larger stones within this row lie towards the southern end, which is denoted by a 0.9 metres high orthostat. The cairn at the northern end measures 9 metres in diameter and stands up to 0.3 metres high. A hollow in the mound indicates that this cairn has been investigated.

Quinnell, N. V., 22/03/1995, Stone Rows (Personal Comment). SDV215687.

Two Wotter rows.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 106-9, Map 48, Figure 48.6.
SDV215687Personal Comment: Quinnell, N. V.. 22/03/1995. Stone Rows.
SDV251087Article in Serial: Emmett, D. D.. 1979. Stone Rows: The Traditional View Reconsidered. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 37. Paperback Volume. 111.
SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 291.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 109.
SDV343478Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343480National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 439259. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown. 3.
SDV343482Article in Serial: Unknown. 1963. More Dartmoor Damage. Devon Archaeological Exploration Society Newsletter. 5. A5 Unbound. 6.
SDV343483Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1976. SX56SE 53. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343486Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry: Unknown.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM8.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #85104 ]
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1003829.

Associated Monuments

MDV14793Related to: Cairn at north end of eastern stone row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV2584Related to: Cairn at north end of western stone row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV14792Related to: Eastern Stone Row near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)
MDV130502Related to: Possible stone alignment to east of the two stone rows near Collard Tor, Shaugh Prior (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4967 - Survey of Shaugh Moor

Date Last Edited:Apr 20 2021 10:41AM