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HER Number:MDV2584
Name:Cairn near Collard Tor

Summary

A cairn probably of Bronze Age date is identifiable as a roughly oval, much disturbed earthwork mound, on the south-east facing slopes of Wotter Common, south-east of Collard Tor. It is identifiable as an earthwork on aerial photographs of 1946, digital images derived from aerial photographs of 2007 and visualisations derived from low resolution lidar data captured in 2013.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 558 620
Map Sheet:SX56SE
Admin AreaDevon
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 439259
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56SE/173/1
  • Old SAM County Ref: 283
  • Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division: SX56SE 53

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CAIRN (Late Neolithic - 3000 BC to 2201 BC (Between))

Full description

Ministry of Works, Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common (Schedule Document). SDV343478.

Two low cairns with associated stone rows. Cairn to west, 15 feet 9 inches diameter and 1 foot 6 inches high - kerb of flat stones at edge. Condition fair. The rows are incomplete, and the cairns have probably been disturbed in centre,

Unknown, Untitled Source (Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry). SDV343486.

Not recorded during Royal Commission on Historical Monuments air photo project 1985.

Worth, R. H., 1903, Ninth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee, 140 (Article in Serial). SDV343488.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/106G/UK/1190, RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3256-3257 27-FEB-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363067.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Worth, R. H., 1946, The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1, 291 (Article in Serial). SDV251172.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950 - 1976, SX56SE 53 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV343483.

a. The remains of a cairn 25 feet in diameter, with a stone row running from it in a southerly direction. Other details: Plans.

Grinsell, L. V., 1978, Dartmoor Barrows, 165 (Article in Serial). SDV273224.

Visited 28th July 1972. Cairn, hollow centre, at north (higher) end of stone row. No retaining circle.

National Monuments Record, 1998, NMR 18051, NMR 18051/10 19-MAY-1998 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363403.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Fletcher, M. + Probert, S., 1998, Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV343481.

Two poorly preserved stone rows each focussed upon a disturbed cairn lie on the crest of the ridge east of Collard Tor overlooking Wotter. The cairns at the upper, north, ends of the rows are circa 8 metres and circa 8.4 metres in diameter.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 1999-2017, Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs, Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 03-MAY-2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV363087.

A mound is identifiabl as an earthwork.

National Monuments Record, 2009, 439259 (National Monuments Record Database). SDV343480.

Two stone rows each headed by a cairn lie on a gentle clitter-covered south-facing hills. Both cairns have been badly disturbed: the western mound is 8 metres across and 0.6 metres high.
Field Investigation 1st October 1980. The westerly cairn at SX 55826203, is considerably robbed. A number of stones at the edge of the cairn, and within it, may represent the remains of retaining circle or circles.

English Heritage, 2009, Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West, 109 (Report - non-specific). SDV342694.

Generally satisfactory but with minor localised problems. Principal vulnerability plant growth.

NERC, 2013, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX5562 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013 (Cartographic). SDV361514.

A mound is visible as an earthwork.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, SM8 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 06/06/2019.The cairn is considerably robbed out in a boulder litter area. Photo taken

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs, SM8 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 06/06/2019. Photo taken showing the remains of the cairn looking south down the length of the stone row

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

A roughly oval mound circa 9m to across is identifiable as an earthwork under vegetation on aerial photographs of 1946 on the south-east facing slopes of Wotter Common.
The earthworks are more clearly visible on aerial photographs of 1998, that reveal the mound to comprise a spread 2m wide C-shaped bank, the open, south-east facing side of which encloses a 4m wide hollow. Lidar derived visualisations confirm that the hollow consists of a low, spread mound.
The earthwork mound is interpreted as the mutilated and robbed remains of a cairn or barrow of probable of Bronze Age date.
A second mound is visible circa 8m to the east.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV251172Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1946. The Stone Rows of Dartmoor. Part 1. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 78. A5 Hardback. 291.
SDV273224Article in Serial: Grinsell, L. V.. 1978. Dartmoor Barrows. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 36. A5 Paperback. 165.
SDV342694Report - non-specific: English Heritage. 2009. Heritage at Risk Register 2009: South West. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound +Digital. 109.
SDV343478Schedule Document: Ministry of Works. Two Cairns with Stone Rows near Collard Tor, on Wotter Common. The Schedule of Monuments. Foolscap.
SDV343480National Monuments Record Database: National Monuments Record. 2009. 439259. National Monuments Record Index. Website.
SDV343481Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. + Probert, S.. 1998. Shaugh Moor, Devon: An Archaeological Survey. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. Unknown. 3.
SDV343483Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950 - 1976. SX56SE 53. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV343486Unattributed Sites and Monuments Register Entry: Unknown.
SDV343488Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1903. Ninth Report of the Dartmoor Exploration Committee. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 35. A5 Hardback. 140.
SDV361514Cartographic: NERC. 2013. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) Tellus: South Devon to Dartmoor. Digital. LIDAR SX5562 Tellus DTM 01-JUL-2013 to 31-AUG-2013.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM8.
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV363067Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/106G/UK/1190. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). RAF/106G/UK/1190 RP 3256-3257 27-FEB-1946.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. SM8.
SDV363087Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 1999-2017. Pan Government Agreement Aerial Photographs. Aerial Photography for Great Britain Aerial Photographs. Digital. Next Perspectives APGB Imagery SX5562 03-MAY-2007.

Associated Monuments

MDV14793Related to: Cairn near Collard Tor (Monument)
MDV14792Related to: Stone Row near Collard Tor (Monument)
MDV2583Related to: Stone Row near Collard Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Sep 10 2020 3:09PM