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HER Number:MDV25968
Name:Field system around Prince Hall Farm, Dartmoor Forest

Summary

The most prominent feature of this field system is the ridge and furrow concentrated around sx62867463 and sx62757415. The field system is walled, and appears to be in current agricultural use, although its origins may be medieval. It is hard to see where the field system actually merges into modern farmland, but its approximate extent is between sx62757469, sx63037452, and sx62687393 (rchm app 1985).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 628 743
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/182

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))
  • RIDGE AND FURROW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

FLETCHER, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV10257.

Vestiges of ploughed down cultivation ridges are evident in many of the enclosed pasture fields on the farm notably centred at sx62877415 and sx62157410 where the ridges are about 1.5m wide and up to 0.1m high. Well defined cultivation ridges the s and n-facing slopes of enclosed rough pasture to the ne of the farm buildings at sx62857463 and sx62927449 may also be part of the extensive cultivation scheme. Here the ridges are 2.5m to 3.0m wide and 0.1m to 0.3m high although much damage has been caused by desultory stone digging visible as shallow stone pits. The majority of these cultivated areas probably date from the improvements of the mid - 19c and it seems very doubtful that any ridge and furrow in the medieval tenement would have survived the widespread and intensive afforestation and arable farming of this period. Land was enclosed at prince hall by a mr gullett, one of the earliest pioneers of the "improvers" who were supported by an act of parliament of 1822 and by a grant from the duchy of cornwall. He constructed farm buildings on the site of an ancient tenement which dated from the 13c or 14c. In 1846 a mr g fowler lavished vast sums of money upon the place and succeeded in raising some excellent crops including enormous turnips but he eventually laid the ground down to grass (fletcher).


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268668.

The most prominent feature of this field system is the ridge and furrow concentrated around sx62867463 and sx62757415. The field system is walled, and appears to be in current agricultural use, although its origins may be medieval. It is hard to see where the field system actually merges into modern farmland, but its approximate extent is between sx62757469, sx63037452, and sx62687393 (rchm app 1985).


RCHME, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV268669.

Vis=4/1/1988 (rchme) the best preserved and very well defined area of ridge and furrow cultivation in the enclosed land at prince hall occupies 4.5 ha of the w-facing slopes centred at sx62777417 and sx62667406. Here the straight ridges are 3.5m wide and 0.2m to 0.3m high with a prominent 3.5m headland on the uphill side. The downhill side is now delimited by a metalled road.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV268672.

Aph=raf cpe uk 2149/4428(11/6/1947).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268673.

Harris, h. /industrial archaeology of dartmoor/(1986)147, 152.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268674.

Nmr=sx67sw150.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268675.

Des=fletcher, m. J. /(4/1/1988)/rchme field investigation.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV268676.

Des=gerrard, s. /(-/-/2002)/mpp alternative action report.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV10257Migrated Record: FLETCHER.
SDV268668Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV268669Report - Survey: RCHME.
SDV268672Aerial Photograph:
SDV268673Migrated Record:
SDV268674Migrated Record:
SDV268675Migrated Record:
SDV268676Migrated Record:

Associated Monuments

MDV54435Related to: Building south of Lower Cherrybrook Bridge (Building)
MDV25970Related to: DITCH in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest (Monument)
MDV25975Related to: Feature north of Prince Hall Farm (Monument)
MDV25976Related to: Feature north of Prince Hall Farm (Monument)
MDV54442Related to: Prince Hall Farmstead (Monument)
MDV25978Related to: Quarry south of Moorlands Farm (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Feb 6 2018 10:12AM