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HER Number:MDV26014
Name:STREAMWORKS in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Medieval or later linear streamworking identified on both banks of the Strane River from its three headwaters and along the broad silted river valley to its junction with the River Swincombe. The remains comprise numerous turf-covered washed gravel mounds, tinner channels and pits. Beyond the west headwater a wide openwork with deep gerts and two tinners buildings (Monument HOB UIDs 619994 and 620005) is extant. These streamworkings are depicted and described as " Old Tin Stream Works" on an early nineteenth century map. They are crossed by the Devonport Leat which shows they were disused before 1793.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 611 710
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SW106
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 910233
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/230

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STREAMWORKS (Early Medieval to XVIII - 1066 AD (Between) to 1793 AD (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV260792.

Aph=nmr sx6170/1(19/5/1977).

Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV260793.

Aph=raf cpe uk 1890/4358(10/12/1946).

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV260794.

Nmr=sx67sw/106.

Shillibeer, W., 1805-1818, Map of Freehold and Enclosures on Dartmoor, 1805-18 (Cartographic). SDV218725.

Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K., 1974, Mines of Devon. Volume 1: The Southern Area, 90-3 (Monograph). SDV336694.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1981, The Devon Tin Industry 1450-1750: An archaeological and historical survey (Post-Graduate Thesis). SDV351371.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

This is a continuous streamwork, with extensive spoilheaps, visible along the banks of the strane river between sx61597128 and sx61877086, with branches to sx61437036, sx61097000 and to sx61507000 (rchm app 1985).

Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1987-1993, Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit, M. J. Fletcher (Report - Survey). SDV350839.

(06/06/1988) Centred at SX 61597128 are approximately 9ha of streamworking on the floodplains of Nuns Cross Brook, Whealam Stream and Strane River. The major part lies within Fox Tor Mires and are now inaccessible but undulating areas of broken stone mounds are visible adjacent to the streams extending up their courses to SX 60906935, SX 61616930 and SX 61597128 respectively.
A small, two-roomed tinner's hut (Monument HOB UID 619475) lies on the west edge of these workings at SX 61056998. (Hamilton-Jenkin, 1974)
There is little doubt of a medieval origin to the streamworks. Hamilton Jenkin (1974) notes the area of Fox Tor Mires had been worked for centuries (Nun's Cross mine, a little to the west, is recorded in 1343). Greeves (PhD thesis) quotes a record of 1625 for Colbeame tin work, tentatively identified with the OS 6" "Old Tin Works" at SX 612679, immediately southwest of Fox Tor newtake. He also names five other tinworks in the vicinity of Fox Tor, all mentioned in the early C17th (Greeves / Royal Commission 1988 visit).
(12/03/1989) Scattered evidence of linear streamworking survive on both banks of the Strane River from its three headwaters at SX 60457216, SX 60477143 and SX 61147226 (Strane Head) and along the broad silted river valley to its junction with the River Swincombe (SX 61807079). Numerous turf-covered washed gravel mounds, tinner channels and pits constitute the visible remains.
Beyond the W headwater a wide openwork with deep gerts and two tinners buildings (Monument HOB UIDs 619994 and 620005) is extant between SX 60277116 and SX 604771741. These streamworkings are depicted and described as " Old Tin Stream Works" on an early C19th map. They are crossed by the Devonport Leat which shows they were disused before 1793.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV218725Cartographic: Shillibeer, W.. 1805-1818. Map of Freehold and Enclosures on Dartmoor, 1805-18. Map of Enclosures on Dartmoor -1805-1818.
SDV260792Aerial Photograph:
SDV260793Aerial Photograph:
SDV260794Migrated Record:
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336694Monograph: Hamilton Jenkin, Dr. A. K.. 1974. Mines of Devon. Volume 1: The Southern Area. Mines of Devon. Volume 1: The Southern Area. One. Hardback Volume. 90-3.
SDV350839Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1987-1993. Duchy Farms Project Survey Visit. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Archaeological Survey. Unknown. M. J. Fletcher.
SDV351371Post-Graduate Thesis: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1981. The Devon Tin Industry 1450-1750: An archaeological and historical survey. The Devon Tin Industry 1450-1750. A4 Hardback.

Associated Monuments

MDV54450Parent of: Ruined structure south-west of Peat Cot farmhouse. (Building)
MDV54449Parent of: Tinner's hut in streamworking at Peat Cot (Building)
MDV26006Related to: Leats supplying Whiteworks (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8628 - Tor Royal Farm Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Jun 10 2022 12:59PM