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HER Number:MDV26087
Name:Prehistoric enclosure south-west of Swincombe


Remains of an enclosure and possible hut circle associated with the Venford Reave, south-west of Swincombe. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.


Grid Reference:SX 633 722
Map Sheet:SX67SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks and walling remains of a Bronze Age enclosure with at least one hut circle and boundary wall adjoining the northern end of the Venford reave, south-west of Swincombe

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 620383
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SW/274
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, 1969, NMR SX6373, 1/143 (Aerial Photograph). SDV258005.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Fragments of an agglomerated and subdivided enclosure are visible attached to Venford Reave. There are up to four elements visible, and the enclosure contains one hut circle.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 1989, Enclosure west of River Swincombe (Report - Survey). SDV258007.

A prehistoric boundary wall running from SX63327239 to SX63297221 probably linked to the south side of the Venford Reave (at this point both the reave and the assumed junction are buried under a peat layer). It lies along the crest and down a steep north-east slope between 327 to 340 meters above ground level in moorland pasture covered by scattered large earthfast boulders. Approximately 190 meters long it is 0.8 meters to 1.1 meters wide, at maximum 0.5 meters high, and is visible as a sinuous wall of stones and boulders protruding through the turf; some of the larger boulders appear to have been pushed into line.
The sub-divided enclosure identified from aerial photographs is not traceable on the ground and the alleged hut circle at SX63327228 appears to be a small quarry.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 215 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Remains of a multiple enclosure at 'Swincombe Farm West' with internal hut circle measuring 7.0 meters in diameter. Very few stones remain in the walls of these features and the north-eastern walls of the enclosures are not discernable at all.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Cartographic). SDV345521.

Map object based on this Source.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Western side of the enclosure(s) can be traced on the aerial photography; the eastern side is unclear. Polygon is approximate in this region of the site. At least three indistinct hut circles could be identified from the aerial photograph.
Map object based on this source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV258005Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1969. NMR SX6373. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1/143.
SDV258007Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 1989. Enclosure west of River Swincombe. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 215.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Cartographic: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped feature: #85171 ]
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV15078Related to: Venford Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8146 - Royal Commission Survey at Down Ridge and Swincombe

Date Last Edited:Jan 15 2021 2:20PM