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HER Number:MDV26474
Name:Late prehistoric fields or enclosures on Corndon Down

Summary

Large late prehistoric fields or enclosures on Corndon Down overlying (and utilising parts of) the Dartmeet parallel reave system and stone row. While the reave system has low turf-covered walls the curvilinear fields have tumbled boulder walling generally 1.5 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. There has been an attempt at re-use, in Medieval or later times where, in parts, the boundaries have been enhanced by the construction of outer ditches and the upcast piled onto the original banks to a height of 1.1 metres. Survey in 2008 failed to locate the boundary remains due to vegetation growth.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 681 740
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Dartmeet Parallel Reave System. Earthworks of an extensive area of prehistoric remains including complex field system, numerous hut circles, enclosures and cairns, overlain by medieval remains including Vaghill Warren, farmsteads and a large field syste
  • Scheduled Monument 1003288: Yar Tor stone row and adjacent cist

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record
  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 9
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/269
  • Pastscape: 442880

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD (Between))
  • FIELD (Constructed, Iron Age - 700 BC to 42 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Area of enclosure visible on the Royal Air Force digital aerial photography.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 3420-3421 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX6774/1, 397-400 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282288.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SE9 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV282285.

On the saddle between Yar Tor and Corndon Tor are two hut circles of Type 2, both in very poor condition. They have level interiors with diametres of 5.1 metres and 8.0 metres and remnants of double walling 1.1 metres thick and 0.3 metres high.
Entrances were probably in the south east. They fall within part of the extensive parallel reave system (PRN 6030) which has been locally overlaid by two groups of what appear to be later prehistoric fields. These are curvilinear, the largest at SX68227408 is of oval form and is almost 3.5 hectares in area and incorporates one smaller field and both huts, although it is uncertain whether these are related to this system or the earlier reaves. Two other fields at SX68057409 have a total area of about 1.2 hectares. The northern field incorporates part of a stone row (PRN 6459) which would seem also to pre-date the reaves. While the reave system has low turf-covered walls the curvilinear fields have tumbled boulder walling generally 1.5 metres wide and 0.6 metres high. There has been an attempt at re-use, in Medieval or later times where, in parts, the boundaries have been enhanced by the construction of outer ditches and the upcast piled onto the original banks to a height of 1.1 metres.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Large enclosure integrated within the Dartmeet parallel reave system (PRN 6030). One wall of the enclosure coincides with a reave. Another reave bisects the enclosure. Two cross reaves extend into the enclosure and divide the enclosure into six elements along with other banks. Contains hut circle (6458). Visible on 1977 National Monuments Record aerial photograph.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East (Monograph). SDV299725.

Enclosure / fields depicted on Butler's map. Other details: Map 15.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Part of Dartmeet coaxial field system (Northern Part) which was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 43.


Newman, P., 2008, Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV347061.

(Visited 14/03/2008) Only the hut circle at SX 6817 7414 could be found and comprises a turf covered circular stone bank which stands to approx 0.8 metres high. Very little stone is visible under dense gorse. Diameter 7.0 metres. A section of wall on the east side of hut is missing.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Extent of fields / enclosures can still be clearly traced on the modern aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV282285Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX67SE9. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV282288Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX6774/1. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 397-400.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 3420-3421.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV347061Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2008. Dartmeet Premier Archaeological Landscape (PAL) Field Investigation Project. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV16726Parent of: Hut circle on Corndon Down, east of Yar Tor (Monument)
MDV6458Parent of: Hut circle on Corndon Down, east of Yar Tor (Monument)
MDV25356Related to: Quarries on Corndon Down (Monument)
MDV6459Related to: Yar Tor triple stone row (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 2 2019 11:31AM