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HER Number:MDV26476
Name:Field system surrounding Outer Huccaby Ring

Summary

Field system extending out from present enclosed land around the deserted medieval settlement (MDV6415). Not all the banks in the area may be part of the field system. Visible on aerial photographs. The rectangular fields on the west are likely to have been part of this system.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 654 744
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 443140
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/271
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, OS/72/066, 049/(17/4/1972) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346967.


Duchy of Cornwall, 1805-1818, Map showing freeholds & early enclosures on Dartmoor (Cartographic). SDV222734.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4424-4425 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


National Monument Record, 1977, sx6575, 1/365-385 (Aerial Photograph). SDV247974.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Field system extending out from present enclosed land around the deserted medieval settlement (MDV6415). Not all the banks in the area may be part of the field system. Extends from SX65687411 to SX65497500. One bank extends beyond the map into map sheet SX67NE at SX65497500. One bank extends through the field system from SX65457473 into another field system, (MDV26240), at SX66057407. A wall extends from the edge of the field system at SX65407430 to the corner of the Snider Park Plantation at SX66057405. Visible on 1977 and 1947 aerial photographs.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 1993-1998, Dartmoor Royal Forest Project, 15/09/1988 (Report - Survey). SDV346608.

A system of redundant medieval/post medieval field boundaries together with rig-and-furrow, centred at SX 6546 7450, on a moderate, W-facing slope within Brimpts and Huccaby Newtakes. The fields occupy c.21.5 ha (53.13 acres) but only 15.5 ha (38.3 acres) were surveyed during investigation of Brimpts Farm. The area is predominantly rough grass with heather, bracken and gorse patches.
The field system has two major blocks with cornditch type boundaries.
1. A northern block of approximately 9.5 hectares (23.47 acres) centred at SX 6543 7461.
It consists of a single, large boundary 2 - 3.5 metres wide by 0.3 - 0.6 metres high, represented by a denuded earthen bank with some stone showing where the surface is disturbed. The extreme north-western stretch at SX 6534 7483 is a deep, natural drainage gulley. The boundary originates at Outer Huccaby Ring (MDV6397) at SX 6577 7448, runs uphill for 80 metres to the north-east, then follows the contour north-west to SX 6537 7487. From here it runs south-west and is lost in tinworks (MDV35591).
This large field overlies a prehistoric settlement and field group (MDV66348) and is cut through by the Brimpts Mine Leat (MDV25984). Aerial photographs show extensive ridge-and-furrow in the southern half of the field, aligned east-north-east to west-south-west.
2. A southern block of approximately 12 hectares (29.65 acres) centred at SX 6550 7430.
A large, sub-rectangular block in the eastern side of the stone-walled enclosures of Coxlake, incorporating Outer Huccaby Ring on its eastern side and internally divided into at least six fields (including the Ring). Most of the internal boundaries follow an east-north-east to west-south-west alignment and a gentle, southward aratral curve. This curve is followed by ridge-and-furrow, visible on Aerial photographs to the west and south-west of Outer Huccaby Ring. The exception is an irregular field centred at SX 6560 7432, a shape perhaps conditioned by a pre-existing feature. The boundaries are eroded, and are 2-4 metres wide by 0.4-0.7 metres high, with occasional traces of a ditch on one side.
Block 1 is probably later than block 2, by the principles of horizontal stratigraphy.
These fields are probably the result of medieval/post medieval moorland reclamation, possibly two separate episodes. They clearly relate to the DMS and enclosures at Coxlake (MDV6415); block 2 assumed its present extent by the end of the 18th century and so this is a terminus ante quern for the redundant fields of this system.
The interpretation of the field system from the 1985 Aerial Photograph Project needs a little correction: the system does not quite extend north to SX 6549 7500; this is the centre of a prehistoric enclosure, the present system ends at SX 6537 7487.
The "bank" extending from SX 6545 7473 to SX 6605 7407 is in fact a section of the Brimpts Mine Leat (MDV25984). The wall from SX 6540 7430 to Snider Park Plantation SX 6605 7405 is a maintained, drystone field wall (MDV26242).


English Heritage, 2005, Medieval Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345602.

Depicted on the survey layer.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV222734Cartographic: Duchy of Cornwall. 1805-1818. Map showing freeholds & early enclosures on Dartmoor. Unknown.
SDV247974Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 1977. sx6575. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1/365-385.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4424-4425.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345602Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005. Medieval Survey Information. English Heritage Report. Digital. [Mapped feature: #85312 ]
SDV346608Report - Survey: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 1993-1998. Dartmoor Royal Forest Project. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown. 15/09/1988.
SDV346967Aerial Photograph: Ordnance Survey. OS/72/066. Ordnance Survey Aerial Photograph. 049/(17/4/1972).

Associated Monuments

MDV6520Related to: Bronze age field system with enclosures adjacent to reave on Huccaby newtake (Monument)
MDV6439Related to: Bronze age settlement with huts and fields north-west of Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)
MDV6415Related to: Cocks Lake Farmstead south of Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)
MDV26240Related to: Field system south-east of Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)
MDV26236Related to: Fields west of Coxlake settlement and Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)
MDV66350Related to: Hut circle within settlement north-west of Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)
MDV25984Related to: Leat supplying Brimpts Tin Mines (Monument)
MDV66351Related to: Ridge and furrow in field system north-west of Outer Huccaby Ring (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 4 2017 10:56AM