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HER Number:MDV26623
Name:Prehistoric Parallel Reave System east of Smallacombe Rocks

Summary

Prehistoric parallel reave system to the east of Smallacombe Rocks aligned approximately west to east with three principal reaves visible on aerial photographs

Location

Grid Reference:SX 761 781
Map Sheet:SX77NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishBovey Tracey
Civil ParishIlsington
Civil ParishManaton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishILSINGTON
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON
Ecclesiastical ParishBOVEY TRACEY

Protected Status

  • Scheduled Monument 1002531: Settlement on Smallacombe Rocks
  • SHINE: Earthworks of a Bronze Age parallel reave system with three main east-west boundary works, an enclosure hut circles and cairns, a medieval enclosure, a pillow mound, an area of post-medieval tin pits and a post-medieval field system on Haytor Down

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NE/188
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs, 106g UK 879 + 540/225/5107 (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

Photograph 106g UK 879 taken on 2nd October 1945 and photograph 540/226/5107 taken on 23rd June 1949.


National Monuments Record, 1982, NMR SF2112, 1084 (Aerial Photograph). SDV345548.

Photograph taken on 21st April 1982.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Parallel reave system on Haytor Down aligned approximately west-north-west to east-south-east with three principal reaves visible. There are reaves at SX76007839, SX76007822, SX76207797, SX75807819, SX75657813 and SX75207821.


Newman, P., 2002, Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon, 6-8, Figure 2 (Report - Survey). SDV346395.

Prehistoric parallel reave system on Haytor Down representing early agriculture which may be associated with the reave system on Rippon Tor. The prevailing orientation of the major boundaries on Haytor is east to west with sub-divisions predominantly north to south. Parts of the system are well preserved and complete while other sections are fragmentary or no longer visible. The far northern boundary was adopted in Medieval times as part of the parish boundary between Manaton and Ilsington. Three hundred metres to the south a second reave runs almost parallel along the northern crest of Haytor Down. This clear reave contains many large edge-set boulders and a possible gateway at SX76277805. At its western end it is associated with the Smallacombe Rocks Prehistoric settlement. At least five areas of settlement are associated with the parallel reave system. The chronological relationship between the reaves and elements of the settlement and huts cannot be ascertained but it appears in most cases that the settlement builders were either developing existing reaves which were still in use or adapting disused elements.


Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England, 2002, Haytor Down: The Archaeology (Plan - measured). SDV359685.

Parallel reave system shown on survey to the east of Smallacombe Rocks.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Reaves visible on aerial photograph.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

Smallacombe Rocks Settlement. The monument includes a stone hut circle settlement within part of the Rippon Tor coaxial field system surrounding Smallacombe Rocks and overlooking the Becka Brook. Surrounding the hut circles and tor are four roughly rectangular fields which form part of the Rippon Tor coaxial field system. The field walls are well built and measure up to 0.5m high and 1m wide and contain many taller orthostats. A small part of the parallel reave system lies within the scheduled area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital). 106g UK 879 + 540/225/5107.
SDV345548Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1982. NMR SF2112. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 1084.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #85400 ]
SDV346395Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2002. Haytor Down, Ilsington, Devon. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A1/2/1999. A4 Spiral Bound. 6-8, Figure 2.
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV359685Plan - measured: Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England. 2002. Haytor Down: The Archaeology. A1 Folded.

Associated Monuments

MDV116829Related to: Boundary Stone on Haytor Down (Monument)
MDV116831Related to: Boundary Stone on Haytor Down (Monument)
MDV34282Related to: Building 50 metres south of the Parish Boundary, Ilsington (Building)
MDV8104Related to: Cairn on Haytor Down, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116610Related to: Drainage System associated with the Tin Streamworkings to the south of Smallacombe Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV72894Related to: Enclosure within Smallacombe Rocks Prehistoric Settlement, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116828Related to: Hole Stone Boundary Stone on Haytor Down (Monument)
MDV72895Related to: Hut Circle at Smallacombe Rocks Prehistoric Settlement, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV72896Related to: Hut Circle at Smallacombe Rocks Prehistoric Settlement, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV72897Related to: Hut Circle at Smallacombe Rocks Prehistoric Settlement, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV72898Related to: Hut Circle at Smallacombe Rocks Prehistoric Settlement, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV26595Related to: Linear Tin Working open Cut at southern end of a Ditch, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV116381Related to: Medieval Ridge and Furrow north-east of Haytor Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV117216Related to: Open Cut Granite Quarrying on Haytor Down, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV26591Related to: Pillow Mound at Smallacombe Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV26561Related to: Prehistoric Earthwork Bank west of Hole Rock, Ilsington and Manaton (Monument)
MDV8102Related to: Prehistoric Enclosure east of Hole Rock, Manaton (Monument)
MDV115779Related to: Prehistoric Hut Circle within Enclosure east of Hole Rock, Manaton (Monument)
MDV8055Related to: Prehistoric Settlement at Smallacombe Rocks, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV41396Related to: Prince of Wales Boundary Stone on Haytor Down (Monument)
MDV116612Related to: Settlement north of Haytor Vale, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV63722Related to: Tin Streamwork north of Haytor Vale, Ilsington (Monument)
MDV41398Related to: Writenol Boundary Stone on Haytor Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7021 - Haytor Down: Survey Report (Ref: A1/2/1999)

Date Last Edited:Oct 28 2016 3:55PM