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HER Number:MDV26728
Name:Field System on Rowden Ball

Summary

Prehistoric parallel reave system on Rowden Ball including several enclosures and hut circles. Nationally important site.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 698 760
Map Sheet:SX67NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWidecombe in the Moor
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishWIDECOMBE IN THE MOOR

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthworks of Bronze Age structures and features on Rowden Down comprising a parallel reave system incorporating Bronze Age enclosures, hut circles and a ring cairn

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NE/49/2
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4418-9 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.


Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V., 1968, Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor, 285 (Article in Serial). SDV345858.

Between the Shallowford farms and Jordan and on Rowden Down, the parallel reave system banks are following exactly the same direction as those to the west of Corndon Down.


Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 97-123 (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

Field system east of the West Webburn river between Dartmeet and Windwhistle parallel reave systems.


National Monuments Record, 1979, SF 1459, 38-30 (Aerial Photograph). SDV64329.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, SX67NE (Cartographic). SDV337077.

The parallel reaves on Rowdon Down appear to be part of the Dartmeet Parallel Reave System. They are surrounded by enclosed land containing fossilised reaves. The alignment of these reaves is north-east to south-west. An enclosure at SX69947595 is incorporated into the reaves at SX69947595. The system is visible on 1948 and 1979 aerial photographs.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, 140 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Rowden Ball rises to an island hilltop of moorland grazing surrounded by fields except for an open corridor down to the road on the east. Reaves in the same series cross the slopes orientated to the north-east and appear originally to have ended in the damp ground a short distance to the north, close to the Rowden road. The upper slopes of Rowden Ball were recolonised in Medieval times but some of the higher enclosures have since had to be abandoned and their ditched banks have reverted to moorland amidst the Prehistoric ones. The summit itself was never cleared of surface stone. Near the little summit tor a single hut of 7 metres diameter was built within a small field , with an outer enclosure on the opposite side of the reave. A hut of 8 metres diameter and built of massive stones lies just above the present fields to the south, surrounded by an outer concentric bank which has been partly destroyed by the track to Broadaford. Other details: Map 19 Site 2.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

Coaxial fields on Rowden Ball were considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument in 2004. Other details: Site 58.


Ordnance Survey, 2013, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV350786.

Modern map boundaries used to digitise this polygon as the remains extend to the cover this area.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 97-123.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4418-9.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. 140.
SDV337077Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. SX67NE. Air Photographs Unit. Map (Paper).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345858Article in Serial: Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V.. 1968. Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Hardback. 285.
SDV350786Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2013. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #112047 ]
SDV64329Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. SF 1459. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 38-30.

Associated Monuments

MDV26730Parent of: ENCLOSURE in the Parish of Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV12961Parent of: RING CAIRN in the Parish of Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV29759Related to: Circular Mounds to south-east of Broadaford Farm, Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV6030Related to: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV26447Related to: FOSSILISED REAVE SYSTEM in the Parish of Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV26448Related to: Fossilised Reave System to south-east of Broadaford Farm, Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV6103Related to: HUT CIRCLE in the Parish of Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)
MDV53018Related to: REAVE in the Parish of Widecombe in the Moor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jun 25 2018 11:34AM