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HER Number:MDV26979
Name:Field system on north side of Hound Tor Down, Manaton

Summary

Abandoned medieval and post medieval field systems situated on the upper slopes of Hound Tor overlooking the valley of the Becka Brook. The medieval field system is associated with the deserted medieval village of Houndtor and is irregular in shape and appears to be the result of several phases of unorganised expansion and contraction.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 742 790
Map Sheet:SX77NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishManaton
DistrictTeignbridge
Ecclesiastical ParishMANATON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX77NW95
  • National Monuments Record: SX77NW95
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/241
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX77NW/273
  • Old SAM Ref: 28786
  • Old SAM Ref: 28786
  • Pastscape: 1044937
  • Pastscape: 1044937

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • FIELD SYSTEM (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, 14/04/1977, SX7479, 1 (Aerial Photograph). SDV308631.


National Monuments Record, 1977, SX7478, 5 (Aerial Photograph). SDV345710.


Beresford, G., 1979, Three Deserted Medieval Settlements on Dartmoor: a Report on the Late E. Marie Minter's Excavations, 150-152 (Article in Serial). SDV307264.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Field system surrounding destered medieval settlement. Extends from SX74237926 to SX74617888 where it merges with another field system.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140565, 20/5/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Medieval field system associated with the settlements at Hound Tor. See also sx77nw/272


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East, Map 8 (Monograph). SDV299725.

Depicted by Butler.


Newman, P. + Probert, S. + Riley, H., 1994, Houndtor Down, Manaton, Devon - A New Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. (Report - Survey). SDV344628.

Centred SX 746788. Approximately 35 hectares of abandoned fields containing traces of lynchets, ridge and furrow and clearance cairns on the eastern half of Houndtor Down. The irregular fields are largely bounded by corn ditches between 2.0 metres and 3.5 metres wide and around 1.2 metres high with some unditched internal boundaries. There is no identifiable ridge and furrow associated with this phase, contemporary cultivation being represented by the low lynchets and terraces on the steeper east facing slopes. The field system was reorganised in the post-medieval period when the ridge and furrow and clearance cairns were created. For 1:2500 survey and more detailed description see SX 77 NW 96.


Newman, P., 2017, An Archaeological Survey of an area affected by burning on Hound Tor Down, Manaton, Devon, 4, N, P, Q & R on Fig. 2 (Report - Survey). SDV361522.

Also occupying the slopes to the NE of Hound Tor, mostly below the 350m contour, is a series of enclosure walls, lynchets, cultivation earthworks and clearance cairns.
Fields associated with earlier medieval occupation of the farmstead were constructed mostly from stone, but apart from short lengths of wall close by the farmstead itself, only one substantive section of this type of walling survives in an original form. It cuts north to south across the triangular enclosure, then continues up the slope, until its course is absorbed into a later and more substantial earth bank. The northern 34 metre section of the wall, within the triangular enclosure (N on Fig. 2), survives with many edge set slabs in situ, but to the south it may have been robbed and survives only as a haphazard alignment of boulders (P on Fig. 2).
The course of some of these stony walls later became fossilised when they were assimilated into larger earthen banks. This was achieved by piling earth, stone and/or turves against one side of the wall, resulting in a linear earth mound with a vertical stone face on one side (see Q and R on Fig. 2; Fig. 11). However, not all the earth banks have evidence of stone walling and it is likely that some were new additions, built entirely from earth and loose stone only. The date for this refurbishment is not known: it could have been contemporary with a later occupation of the farmstead in the late 14th to 15th century, or perhaps even later and associated with the cultivation earthworks which survive here.
Cultivation is evident by ridge and furrow earthworks, which are contained within the earth-banked enclosures. They are clear on satellite photography, but at the time of writing, no LiDAR of high enough resolution was available to establish the full extent. Areas affected are shaded on Fig. 2.


Historic England, 2018, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV360653.

SX 745788. Abandoned medieval and post medieval field systems situated on the upper slopes of Hound Tor overlooking the valley of the Becka Brook. The medieval field system is associated with the deserted medieval village of Houndtor and is irregular in shape and appears to be the result of several phases of unorganised expansion and contraction. A number of the irregular shaped fields contain lynchets. After the abandonment of the settlement in the mid-14th century the fields appear to have continued to be cultivated. Certainly in the post medieval period continued interest in the area is witnessed by extensive areas of narrow ridge and furrow. Several groups of clearance cairns may also date to this time. In the area south of Greator Rocks, three shelters built against medieval boundary banks are probably also of post medieval date.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140565, 20/5/1995.
SDV299725Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume One - The East. One. Paperback Volume. Map 8.
SDV307264Article in Serial: Beresford, G.. 1979. Three Deserted Medieval Settlements on Dartmoor: a Report on the Late E. Marie Minter's Excavations. Medieval Archaeology. 23. Unknown. 150-152.
SDV308631Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 14/04/1977. SX7479. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 1.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV344628Report - Survey: Newman, P. + Probert, S. + Riley, H.. 1994. Houndtor Down, Manaton, Devon - A New Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England.. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Spiral Bound.
SDV345710Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX7478. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5.
SDV360653National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2018. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV361522Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2017. An Archaeological Survey of an area affected by burning on Hound Tor Down, Manaton, Devon. Southwest Landscape Investigations. Digital. 4, N, P, Q & R on Fig. 2. [Mapped feature: #112155 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV122313Related to: Building at Hound Tor deserted farmstead (Building)
MDV58414Related to: Enclosure on north side of Hound Tor Down, Manaton (Monument)
MDV58415Related to: Feature in enclosure on north side of Hound Tor Down (Monument)
MDV122294Related to: Hut circle near enclosure on north side of Hound Tor Down (Monument)
MDV58419Related to: Hut circle south-east of enclosure on north side of Hound Tor Down (Monument)
MDV58423Related to: Hut south-west of the Houndtor 2 farmstead (Monument)
MDV58417Related to: Hut within enclosure on north side of Hound Tor Down (Monument)
MDV122321Related to: Reaves on Hound Tor Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7556 - Survey on Hound Tor Down

Date Last Edited:Jul 27 2018 3:18PM