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HER Number:MDV27495
Name:Throwleigh Common parallel reave system

Summary

Relatively small though very well preserved reave system, with 25 associated hut circles. The extent of the system is defined by two reaves; the dominant of these runs north-east to south-west course in the direction of Kennon Hill. At SX 6524 9074 this reave acts as the terminal for a second reave which meets it at right angles then runs south-south-east, roughly in the direction of Shilstone Tor, for approximately 600 metres, before fading from view in a lower lying area, which has been disturbed by medieval tinners. The co-axial field system is contained within an area of approximately 49 hectares for which this junction forms the western corner.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 656 907
Map Sheet:SX69SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishThrowleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTHROWLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 69 SE 59
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX69SE/150
  • Old SAM Ref: 28694
  • Pastscape: 897983
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Early Bronze Age to Late Medieval - 2200 BC to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/3G/TUD/UK/138, 5442 (Aerial Photograph). SDV238391.


Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2082, 3385 (Aerial Photograph). SDV221887.


Fleming, A., 1983, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor, 214 (Article in Serial). SDV227880.


Fleming, A., 1984, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications, 9 (Article in Serial). SDV320417.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Interpretation). SDV319854.

Field system visible on the north-east part of Throwleigh Common on 1946-7 aerial photographs, bearing some resemblance to (but not obviously identical to) parallel reave systems on other parts of the moor: it consists of a number of rectilinear fields aligned on a south-west by north-east direction.


Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 46, 70; fig 29 (Monograph). SDV229071.

Throwleigh Common parallel reave system. Main settlement zone lies just below, and to the east of, a transverse reave acting as a kind of internal terminal. The true terminal lies further west along the eastern edge of a shallow valley.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 148931, 1997 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Field system forming part of prehistoric settlement.


Butler, J., 1991, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North, 197; Map 39.1 (Monograph). SDV219155.


English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.


Newman , P., 2007, Throwleigh Common, Throwleigh, Devon. A 'Premier Archaeological Landscape' within Dartmoor National Park Level 2 Survey Report, 2 (Report - Survey). SDV360261.

The reaves comprise linear banks which form the boundaries of rectilinear plots, varying in size. The majority of the reaves are of a subtle appearance and survive as low turf covered stone banks of up to 0.5 metres high on average and between 1.5 and 3.0 metres wide. In some places orthostatic stones are visible. Where reaves run along the contour, especially on the steeper slopes, soil creep has caused the banks to form into lynchets, some up to 1.0 metre high.
The extent of the system is defined by two reaves; the dominant of these is first traceable at SX 6565 9110, just south-west of the modern enclosed land from where it runs on an approximately straight, though in places wavy, north-east to south-west course in the direction of Kennon Hill. At SX 6524 9074 this reave acts as the terminal for a second reave which meets it at right angles then runs south-south-east, roughly in the direction of Shilstone Tor, for approximately 600 metres, before fading from view in a lower lying area, which has been disturbed by medieval tinners. The co-axial field system is contained within an area of approximately 49 hectares for which this junction forms the western corner. Although within the system, adjacent reaves run approximately parallel, giving plots a regular appearance, overall the system is not as tidy as some others on Dartmoor such as Horridge Common or Kestor; the alignments of the sub-divisions do not relate precisely at right angles to the terminal reaves and some of the reaves run on a serpentine course. A lane, consisting of two reaves on a close parallel course between 5 and 6 metres apart, forms a straight south-west to north-east transect across the outer plots to the west but deviates north-north-east at an obtuse angle as it enters the central area.


Historic England, 2017, National Heritage List for England (National Heritage List for England). SDV359963.

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes the larger part of the prehistoric coaxial field system known as Throwleigh Common, six broadly contemporary settlements, a length of territorial reave separating the North Teign and Cosdon prehistoric territories, at least 27 cairns, two lengths of leat, three shelters, a building and two boundary stones. The coaxial field system includes a large number of fields arranged on a single prevailing axis, subdivided by transverse boundaries.
Date first scheduled: 27-Oct-1971
Date of most recent amendment: 02-Jul-1999 (see record for full details).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV219155Monograph: Butler, J.. 1991. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Two - The North. Two. Paperback Volume. 197; Map 39.1.
SDV221887Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2082. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. 3385.
SDV227880Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1983. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 2: North and East Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 49. Unknown. 214.
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 46, 70; fig 29.
SDV238391Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/3G/TUD/UK/138. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 5442.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 148931, 1997.
SDV319854Interpretation: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320417Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1984. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications. Landscape History. 6. Unknown. 9.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital. [Mapped features: #85742 ; #85743 ; #85744 ]
SDV359963National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2017. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital.
SDV360261Report - Survey: Newman , P.. 2007. Throwleigh Common, Throwleigh, Devon. A 'Premier Archaeological Landscape' within Dartmoor National Park Level 2 Survey Report. English Heritage. 40/2007. A4 Bound. 2.

Associated Monuments

MDV59305Related to: Cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59301Related to: Clearance cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59303Related to: Clearance cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59304Related to: Clearance cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59297Related to: Clearance cairns on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59307Related to: Clearance cairns on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV27500Related to: Enclosure on northern edge of Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV27445Related to: Field system on South Tawton Common (Monument)
MDV7018Related to: Hut 1 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59285Related to: Hut 10 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59283Related to: Hut 11 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59282Related to: Hut 12 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59281Related to: Hut 13 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59279Related to: Hut 14 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59280Related to: Hut 15 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV7019Related to: Hut 16 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59291Related to: Hut 17 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59290Related to: Hut 18 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59289Related to: Hut 19 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59294Related to: Hut 2 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59288Related to: Hut 20 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59287Related to: Hut 21 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV7013Related to: Hut 22 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV7020Related to: Hut 24 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59299Related to: Hut 25 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59296Related to: Hut 26 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59295Related to: Hut 3 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV6972Related to: Hut 4 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59293Related to: Hut 5 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV7017Related to: Hut 6 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV7014Related to: Hut 7 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59292Related to: Hut 8 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59286Related to: Hut 9 in settlement on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV7011Related to: Hut circle 120 metres north-west of Higher Shilstone (Monument)
MDV59302Related to: Possible clearance cairn on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV27501Related to: Quarry on northern edge of Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV28158Related to: Reave linking the Throwleigh Common reave system with settlements to the south-west (Monument)
MDV27493Related to: The Bradford Pool Leat (Monument)
MDV27502Related to: Trackways on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59311Related to: Unlikely building on Throwleigh Common (Building)
MDV27498Related to: Unlikely enclosure on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59284Related to: Unlikely hut circle on Throwleigh Common (Monument)
MDV59300Related to: Unlikely hut circle on Throwleigh Common (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7297 - Survey of Throwleigh Common Premier Archaeological Landscape

Date Last Edited:Jul 17 2017 12:33PM