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HER Number:MDV27685
Name:Dartmeet parallel reave system on Holne Moor

Summary

Part of the dartmeet parallel reave system (fleming).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 676 710
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHolne
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHOLNE

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX67SE92
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 443125
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/246/2
  • Old SAM Ref: 22368

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC (Between) to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV158749.

Belsey, p. M. /(1991)/worksheet in pf.

National Monument Record, 19/05/1977, SX6672/2, 164-165 (Aerial Photograph). SDV173027.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, 2372-2374 (Aerial Photograph). SDV169268.

Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V., 1968, Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor, 284 (Article in Serial). SDV345858.

National Monuments Record, 1977, SX6672/1, 158-161 (Aerial Photograph). SDV346015.

Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 97-123 (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX67SE92 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV158742.

(07/02/1980) For description and survey of 'Venford' (terminal) reave see SX 67 SE 96.

Fleming, A., 1984, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications, 7 (Article in Serial). SDV320417.

Part of the Dartmeet parallel reave system.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Parallel reaves extending from the Venford reave north-eastwards, SX67SE/169, at SX 66807134 to SX 67277208. Runs parallel to and probably joins the reave systems (subsheets 1 + 3). Visible on RAF 1946 and NMR 1977 aerial photographs.

Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, Chapter 5 (Monograph). SDV229071.

The parallel reave system has been extensively surveyed, and two hut circles within it, (SX 67 SE 105 and 155) have been excavated. These are demonstrably Bronze Age and contemporary with the reaves. The parallel reaves meet the Venford Reave almost at right angles. It is believed that the reave system was laid out by a large group consisting of smaller 'neighbourhood groups', of which the Holne Moor group is an example, and that the distribution of huts within the parallel reaves reflects common holdings by that group rather than individual or family holdings. The reave system was laid out ca 1700-1600 BC, and in other areas of Dartmoor it incorporates pre-existing fields. There is evidence at Holne Moor that this is also the case. The Venford reave has a distinct kink in it at SX 67117119, where it forms the terminal southern boundary of a very small field, only 0.14 ha in extent. The southern edge of this field is a negative lynchet. The terminal reave has been built along the upper edge of a cultivated field where soil creep has created a slight step in the surface contours. It seems clear that the little field was laid out by people who knew the general line of the southern edge of the Holne Moor reave system and its axis; later, when the Venford Reave was constructed, the builders rejected the position of an existing parcel of land, resulting in the kink we see today.

Griffith, F. M., 1990, DAP/QF, 1-8 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140063.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East (Monograph). SDV337765.

Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P., 1997, Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England (Report - Survey). SDV173671.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140063Aerial Photograph: Griffith, F. M.. 1990. DAP/QF. Devon Aerial Photograph. 1-8.
SDV158742Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX67SE92. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV158749Migrated Record:
SDV169268Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2372-2374.
SDV173027Aerial Photograph: National Monument Record. 19/05/1977. SX6672/2. National Monument Record Aerial Photograph. Unknown. 164-165.
SDV173671Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Newman, P.. 1997. Holne Moor, Dartmoor, Devonshire. A Landscape Survey by the Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Report. A4 Comb Bound + Digital. [Mapped feature: #119353 ]
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. Chapter 5.
SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 97-123.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320417Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1984. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor; Wider Implications. Landscape History. 6. Unknown. 7.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume.
SDV345858Article in Serial: Gawne, E. + Somers Cockes, J. V.. 1968. Parallel Reaves of Dartmoor. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 100. A5 Hardback. 284.
SDV346015Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. SX6672/1. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 158-161.

Associated Monuments

MDV33809Parent of: Building or structure 516m NW of Horn’s Cross (Building)
MDV126408Parent of: Disturbed hut circle by reave near Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV126328Parent of: Disturbed hut circle in Slade Newtake (Monument)
MDV12991Parent of: Hut 540 metres south of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126300Parent of: Hut adjacent to Wheal Emma leat, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV126301Parent of: Hut adjacent to Wheal Emma leat, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV126399Parent of: Hut circle 135 metres south-east of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6478Parent of: Hut circle 275 metres south-west of Hangman's Pit, Holne (Monument)
MDV12994Parent of: Hut circle 450 metres south of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV12992Parent of: Hut circle 480 metres south of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV12993Parent of: Hut circle 600 metres south-south-east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV6398Parent of: Hut circle adjacent to the Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV20247Parent of: Hut circle adjacent to the Venford Reave, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6394Parent of: Hut circle east of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV26268Parent of: Hut circle in reave system 150 metres south-west of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV126329Parent of: Hut circle in reave system in Slade Newtake (Monument)
MDV126400Parent of: Hut circle in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6500Parent of: Hut circle in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV126392Parent of: Hut circle in reave system south-west of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6451Parent of: Hut circle west of Venford Reservoir (Monument)
MDV26364Parent of: Hut in Dartmeet reave system, south-east of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV26358Parent of: Hut in enclosure east of the Wheal Emma Leat, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6481Parent of: Hut in field west of the Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV6482Parent of: Hut in field west of the Holne Moor Leat (Monument)
MDV26363Parent of: Hut in field within reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV126298Parent of: Hut in reave system 150 metres south-west of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV126299Parent of: Hut in reave system 150 metres south-west of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV126407Parent of: Hut in reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV26264Parent of: Hut in reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV26265Parent of: Hut in reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6501Parent of: Hut in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6502Parent of: Hut in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6503Parent of: Hut in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6504Parent of: Hut in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6505Parent of: Hut in reave system south of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV126324Parent of: Hut in reave system west of Venford Reservoir, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV126326Parent of: Hut in reave system west of Venford Reservoir, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV26337Parent of: Hut on cross reave 150 metres south-west of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV12976Parent of: Hut on Holne Moor, north-east of Venford House (Monument)
MDV12977Parent of: Hut on Holne Moor, north-east of Venford House (Monument)
MDV12978Parent of: Hut on Holne Moor, north-east of Venford House (Monument)
MDV12979Parent of: Hut on Holne Moor, north-east of Venford House (Monument)
MDV126401Parent of: Hut platform in Slade Newtake (Monument)
MDV26339Parent of: Hut with internal structure 175 metres south of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV26732Parent of: Hut within enclosure in Dartmeet reave system, Holne (Monument)
MDV6483Parent of: Hut within small enclosure in reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV26369Parent of: Large hut in reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV126327Parent of: Pair of disturbed hut circles west of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6388Parent of: Pair of hut circles near leat west of Holne Reservoir (Monument)
MDV20674Parent of: Pair of huts west of the Venford Brook (Monument)
MDV126302Parent of: Small hut in reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV126303Parent of: Timber huts adjacent to the Venford Reave, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6030Part of: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV132326Related to: Alleged hut circle, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV129703Related to: Cairn east of enclosure to south-east of Venford Reservoir within Dartmeet reave system, Holne (Monument)
MDV130253Related to: Cairn south of Bench Tor within Dartmeet parallel reave system, (Monument)
MDV6472Related to: Cairn south-east of Venford Reservoir within Dartmeet reave system, Holne (Monument)
MDV130254Related to: Cairns within reave system south-east of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV126409Related to: Cist within reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV132325Related to: Disturbed hut circle, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV12984Related to: Enclosure with huts on Holne Moor, Holne (Monument)
MDV6447Related to: Enclosure with two huts 270m south-west of Bench Tor, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV128494Related to: Fields on the right bank of the Venford Brook south of Bench Tor (Monument)
MDV26247Related to: Fossilised reave system at Stoke Farms, Holne (Monument)
MDV25419Related to: Group of eight trial pits within parallel reave system, Holne (Monument)
MDV25422Related to: Group of nine trial pits within parallel reave system, Holne (Monument)
MDV129699Related to: Group of nine trial pitson Holne Lee, Holne (Monument)
MDV12983Related to: Holne Moor triple stone rows, Holne (Monument)
MDV6493Related to: Hut 120 metres south-west of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6495Related to: Hut 135 metres south-west of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6479Related to: Hut circle 250 metres south-west of Hangman's Pit, Holne (Monument)
MDV128788Related to: Hut circle 800m south of Bench Tor (Monument)
MDV129688Related to: Hut circle east of enclosure on Holne Moor, Holne (Monument)
MDV6494Related to: Hut circle in enclosure 75 metres south-west of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV6485Related to: Hut circle in field north of Combestone Tor (Monument)
MDV128504Related to: Hut circle south-east of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV129692Related to: Hut circle south-east of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV129687Related to: Hut circle within enclosure on Holne Moor, Holne (Monument)
MDV129690Related to: Hut circle within the reave system south-east of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV6381Related to: Hut circle within the reave system south-east of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV6395Related to: Hut circles east of Hangman's Pit (Monument)
MDV132324Related to: Incomplete hut circle, Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV129985Related to: Longstone at west end of Holne Moor triple stone rows, Holne (Monument)
MDV24759Related to: Medieval field system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV26374Related to: Oval enclosure within reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV27688Related to: Part of the Dartmeet parallel reave system north of the Down Ridge stone circle (Monument)
MDV128789Related to: Possible hut circle west of Seale's Stoke Farm (Monument)
MDV129691Related to: Possible hut circle within the reave system south-east of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV27682Related to: Reave system south of Bench Tor, Holne (Monument)
MDV26258Related to: Ridge and furrow identified in fields to the south-east of Venford Reservoir, Holne (Monument)
MDV25420Related to: Tin working pits south-east of Venford Reservoir (Monument)
MDV126394Related to: Trial pits in reave system south-west of Saddle Bridge (Monument)
MDV15078Related to: Venford Reave, Holne and Dartmoor Forest (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7100 - Holne Moor Survey
  • EDV8143 - Fleming's excavations on Holne Moor
  • EDV8146 - Royal Commission Survey at Down Ridge and Swincombe
  • EDV8632 - Sherberton Farm, Duchy Farms Survey
  • EDV8409 - Dartmoor Royal Forest Project

Date Last Edited:Feb 17 2022 11:40AM