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HER Number:MDV27688
Name:Part of the Dartmeet parallel reave system north of the Down Ridge stone circle

Summary

Part of the dartmeet parallel reave system. This site is on the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 654 722
Map Sheet:SX67SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 67 SE 121
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67SE/246/6
  • Old SAM County Ref: DV795
  • Pastscape: 443210

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM (Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1946, CPE/UK 1890, 2371-2372 (Aerial Photograph). SDV140289.


National Monuments Record, 1977, NMR SX6672/1, 158-161 (Aerial Photograph). SDV244382.


Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 97-123 (Article in Serial). SDV235265.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Parallel reaves extending from the Venford Reave SX67SE/169 to the Wheel Emma Leat. Narrow reaves with many cross reaves. Parallel to the reave system. Visible on Royal Air Force 1946 and National Monuments Record 1977 aerial photograph.


Fleming, A., 1988, The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions, 8, 27, 29 (Monograph). SDV229071.

Part of the Dartmeet parallel reave system. Other details: also 37, 40, 50, 57-59, 62, 66-67, 71, 121.


Fletcher, M. J., 1989, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV244387.

On the northern slope of down ridge at SX65567211, within the parallel reave system, and adjoining one of the walls is the poor remains of a Type 2 hut circle. The level interior measures 5.7 meters by 4.2 meters with walling 2.2 meters wide and 0.3 meters high. There is no visible entrance (citing Ordnance Survey Archaeology Divison Card: 18/3/1980)
Elements of the Dartmeet parallel reave system and the Venford reave occur within the detached portion of the Sherberton Farm holding. On the steep northern slope of down ridge and in two parts centred at SX65077237 and SX65627229 respectively, the holding comprises enclosed, cleared and cultivated rough pasture with scattered, dense patches of clitter. The course of the Venford Reave (SX65027221 to SX65747195) forms the southern boundary of the holding and is marked by a 1.3 meter high coursed drystone newtake wall; very little trace is visible save for in places a slight turf-covered stony bank utilised as well footings. Remnants of the sophisticated parallel reave system which incorporates both transverse banks and low lynchets survive as linear boulder and stone lines 0.5 meters wide and an average 0.4 meters high visible protruding through the turf. Parts have been robbed, parts lie buried under the peat/turf and a number of the linear reaves are overlaid by in-use 19th century field walls. Within the narrow western holding only a short length of a curvilinear reave (centred SX65057221) is visible although the in-use coursed field walls almost certainly overlie other linear reaves. A small stone clearance mound at SX65357240 is probably of 19th century origin, built against a large boulder it is approximately 1.5 meters in diameter and 0.3 meters high. Four hut circles and the possible site of a fifth are individually scattered throughout the system (this distribution is comparable to other parts of the Dartmeet parallel reave system) (citing Fleming, 1988). Five huts recorded on visit 17/7/1989.


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


English Heritage, 2005-2008, Prehistoric Survey Information (Report - Survey). SDV345521.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV140289Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. CPE/UK 1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2371-2372.
SDV229071Monograph: Fleming, A.. 1988. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. The Dartmoor Reaves: Investigating Prehistoric Land Divisions. Hardback Volume. 8, 27, 29.
SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 97-123.
SDV244382Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1977. NMR SX6672/1. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 158-161.
SDV244387Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 1989. Royal Commission for the Historical Monuments of England Field/Recording In. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV345521Report - Survey: English Heritage. 2005-2008. Prehistoric Survey Information. English Heritage. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV6030Part of: Dartmeet parallel reave system - northern section (Monument)
MDV103602Related to: Cairn within the Dartmeet parallel reave system (Monument)
MDV123230Related to: Clearance cairn on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV27685Related to: Dartmeet parallel reave system on Holne Moor (Monument)
MDV6400Related to: Down Ridge Stone Circle (Monument)
MDV103600Related to: Group of three cairns north-east of Henroost Tin Mine (Monument)
MDV27268Related to: Hut circle A on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV26351Related to: Hut circle B on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV54387Related to: Hut circle C on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV123227Related to: Hut circle D on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV123228Related to: Hut circle E on Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV27684Related to: PARALLEL REAVE SYSTEM in the Parish of Holne (Monument)
MDV103601Related to: Possible cairn on eastern edge of Down Ridge (Monument)
MDV6268Related to: Wheal Emma Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7062 - Survey of the Wheal Emma Leat, Dartmoor

Date Last Edited:Aug 13 2019 11:10AM