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HER Number:MDV28064
Name:Barn, calf house and linhay at Shilstone, Throwleigh


Range of 17th century buildings including barn, calf house and linhay south of farmhouse at Higher Shilstone farm, Throwleigh. These traditional Dartmoor farmbuildings form a group with Higher Shilstone Farmhouse and stables and the dung pit. The Farmhouse is one of the best surviving examples of a Dartmoor longhouse and therefore this group is of immense importance.


Grid Reference:SX 660 901
Map Sheet:SX69SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishThrowleigh
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishTHROWLEIGH

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX69SE54
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 897962
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX69SE/25/3
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II*): 94741

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • BARN (Constructed, XVI to XVII - 1600 AD (Between) to 1699 AD (Between))
  • CALF HOUSE (Constructed, XVI to XVII - 1600 AD? (Between) to 1699 AD (Between))
  • LINHAY (Constructed, XVI to XVIII - 1600 AD? (Between) to 1799 AD (Between))
  • PIGSTY (Constructed, XVII to XVIII - 1700 AD (Between) to 1799 AD (Between))

Full description

Beacham, P., 1984, Higher Shilstone Farm (Worksheet). SDV269877.

Fully developed longhouse, farmhouse and outbuildings are an exceptionally well preserved / unaltered example of a Dartmoor Farmstead. Smoke-blackened roof complete; original shippon roof.
Separate range of barn, stables, pigsties and linneys facing the house.

Department of Environment, 1987, Throwleigh, 156 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV274669.

Farm buildings at Shilstone Farm include a 17th century barn with adjoining stables, 18th century pigsty and linhay, and a granite walled dungpit of the late 18th early 19th century. The main buildings are built of stone rubble with corrugated iron roofs with gabled ends. The linhay at highest west end has a slate roof, over four bays. The front is now clad in corrugated iron and weatherboarding. To complete the range a linhay was inserted circa C18 between the barn and earlier linhay and later built out at the front to form pigstys and stables. They are listed at Grade II*.

Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N., 1989, The Buildings of England: Devon, 805-6 (Monograph). SDV325629.

Ordnance Survey, 2014, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV355681.

Depicted on the modern mapping.

English Heritage, 2014, National Heritage List for England, 1106135 (National Heritage List for England). SDV355683.

1/209 Barn, calf house and Linhay - approximately 2 metres south of 20.7.74 Higher Shilstone Farmhouse GV II*
Barn, calf house and linhay. All three are probably C17 but not necessarily contemporary. Granite stone rubble laid to rough courses with large dressed quoins, some cob on wall tops; corrugated iron roof to barn and pig sties, slate to the linhay (all formerly slate). Plan and description: Range of farmbuildings built end to end facing the farmyard to north. They are built down a relatively steep hillslope. The barn is at the left (eastern) end at the downhill end. It is gable-ended with opposing central doorways to the threshing floor. The front doorway is nearly full height and contains double doors, the right one split into flaps, set in a solid timber frame. The eaves are carried down a short distance as a hood over the doorway. Smaller rear door. The left end wall contains a series of ventilation slits. Inside the barn it is open to a C17 6-bay roof of A-frame trusses with pegged lap-jointed collars. The timber baulks of the threshing floor are much-decayed. The calf house is set between barn and linhay. It is a low building containing 3 stalls with a small hayloft in the roofspace. The hayloft loading hatch is at the left end with the left stall door alongside. The right and centre stalls are wider than the left one. The front pitch of the roof is continued over them as the front breaks forward (it is flush with the front of the barn). Each stall has a separate doorway. The linhay at the uphill right end was given a boarded front circa 1985. The former open-fronted structure survives behind. It is 4 bays. The tallet/hayloft crossbeams rest on monolithic granite posts and above timber posts rise through the tallet. They have curved heads which are lap-jointed to the front principals of A- frame trusses with pegged lap-jointed collars. All the roofs are gable-ended and all the doors are of plain C19 joinery. These traditional Dartmoor farmbuildings form a group with Higher Shilstone Farmhouse and stables (q.v) and the dung pit (q.v). The Farmhouse is one of the best surviving examples of a Dartmoor longhouse and therefore this group is of immense importance.
Listing NGR: SX6602990123

Sources / Further Reading

SDV269877Worksheet: Beacham, P.. 1984. Higher Shilstone Farm. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV274669List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Throwleigh. Historic Houses Register. A4 Bound. 156.
SDV325629Monograph: Cherry, B. + Pevsner, N.. 1989. The Buildings of England: Devon. The Buildings of England: Devon. Hardback Volume. 805-6.
SDV355681Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2014. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #85937 ]
SDV355683National Heritage List for England: English Heritage. 2014. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Website. 1106135.

Associated Monuments

MDV22086Part of: Shilstone farmstead, Throwleigh (Monument)
MDV28065Related to: Dung pit at Shilstone farm, Throwleigh (Monument)
MDV6970Related to: Farmhouse at Higher Shilstone, Throwleigh (Building)
MDV106403Related to: Stables at Higher Shilstone, Throwleigh (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded

Date Last Edited:May 16 2022 10:30AM