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HER Number:MDV28121
Name:Streamworks along the River Erme, Erme Plains, Harford

Summary

Two areas of tin streamworks and spoilheaps along both sides of River Erme running south from Blacklane Brook at SX62826664 to Blatchford Bottom at SX63556368 and covering 23.8 hectares

Location

Grid Reference:SX 633 651
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/229
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66SW/230

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • STREAMWORKS (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

National Monuments Record, 1976, NMR SX6364, 2-3 (Aerial Photograph). SDV155390.

Photograph taken on 22nd April 1976.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Area of tin streaming and spoilheaps along both sides of River Erme. Extends from SX63716475 to SX63806500.and covers 1.7 hectares.

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1, Figure 34 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

MDV28121. Approximately 12 hectares of tin streamworking remains are spread along both sides of the valley floor of the River Erme, between Blacklane Brook and Erme Pound. The workings occupy the narrow strip of ground on either side of the river, with their edges delineated by the base of the moderate slope of Stingers Hill to the west and the more gentle slope of slopes of Brown Heath and Green Hill to the east, where the limits of the tinwork is defined by an artificial scarp of up to 2.5 metres high. The working area contains the usual evidence of low linear spoil heaps, pits and channels, mostly turf covered, and of which, some have been reinforced by low, stone revetments. Evidence of tin streamworking such as this exists along much of the moorland section of the Erme Valley, between Erme Head and Piles Copse (see MDV28122 and 13224) and also along several tributaries associated with this stretch of the Erme (MDV28298; 24811; 24809; 28957). These streamworks have not been dated but, where available, documentation for tinworks of this type elsewhere on Dartmoor, would suggest a likely operational date between the 12th and 17th centuries.
MDV28122. Approximately 11.8 hectares of tin streamworking remains are spread along both sides of the valley floor of the River Erme, between Hook Lake and Blatchford Bottom. The workings occupy the narrow strip of ground on either side of the river, with their edges delineated on west and east by the base of the steep slopes of Erme Plains, though on the east side, just south of Hook Lake, the tinwork edge is defined by an artificial scarp of up to 2.5 metres high. The working area contains the usual evidence of low linear spoil heaps, pits and channels, mostly turf covered, and of which, some have been reinforced by low, stone revetments. Some particularly fine examples remain in situ on the west side of the river at SX 6424 6385. Evidence of tin streamworking such as this exists along much of the moorland section of the Erme Valley, between Erme Head and Piles Copse (see MDV28121 and 13224). These streamworks have not been dated but, where available, documentation for tinworks of this type elsewhere on Dartmoor, would suggest a likely operational date between the 12th and 17th centuries. (This recored has been merged with MDV28121)

Sources / Further Reading

SDV155390Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1976. NMR SX6364. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 2-3.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital. [Mapped feature: #117071 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV122905Related to: Streamwork south of Blatchfords Bottom. (Monument)
MDV122887Related to: Tinners' building north of Blatchford Bottom (Building)
MDV103953Related to: Tinner's Hut on east side of River Erme at southern end of Erme Plains, Harford (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Jan 17 2020 12:30PM