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HER Number:MDV28184
Name:Leat south-east of Hart Tor, Walkhampton

Summary

One of two dry leats of medieval or post-medieval date which follow an approximately parallel course around the west and north slopes of Cramber Tor, and once supplied water to tinworks on the south slope.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 713
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Earthwork and structural remains of a section of the late 18th century Devonport Leat running from Raddick Hill to Nun's Cross, including extensive tinning remains at Cramber Tor

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57SE224
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1448369
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/220
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/297
  • Old SAM Ref: 24106
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (Post Medieval to Early 20th Century - 1540 AD (Between) to 1901 AD (Between))

Full description

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4436 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Leat visible on 1947 aerial photographs.

Newman, P., 1987, The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape, 225, 229, 235, 236, fig 3. (Article in Serial). SDV231207.

Leat 4. Leat drawing water from Hart Tor Bbrook and supplying Claziwell openworks (SX57SE/295). Runs from approximately SX 5910 7190 to SX 5840 7065. Easily traceable over entire course.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152542 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(16/03/2000) SX 5833 7141. Leat leading from the Hart Tor Brook to tinworks in the Newleycombe Valley.

Wessex Archaeology, 2002, Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey, Site WA125 (Report - Survey). SDV354588.

Cramber Tor 2002, Site WA125.

Newman, P., 2006, Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation (Report - Survey). SDV233640.

(01/08/2006) Two dry leats of medieval or post-medieval date which follow an approximately parallel course around the west and north slopes of Cramber Tor, and once supplied water to tinworks on the south slope. The source of the lower leat was on the Hartor Brook at approximately SX 58876206. The channel approximately follows the contour around the north-west side of the tor rounding the southern slope to terminate near the Classiwell Pool tinwork where it fed two reservoirs at SX 5817 7053 and SX 5831 7047. The higher leat had its headweir near the northern source of Hartor Brook thereafter following a similar parallel course around to the west side of Cramber Tor. Its destination was a series of reservoirs at the head of a large streamwork (SX 57 SE 211). Both leats are up to 1m wide in places by 0.6m deep with a linear mound of spoil on the downslope side. The lower leat has been transected by a streamwork on the west side of the tor (SX 57 SE 212) which clearly post-dates it but the higher leat cuts through the streamwork and may therefore be later.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231207Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1987. The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 119. Paperback Volume. 225, 229, 235, 236, fig 3..
SDV233640Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2006. Cramber Tor Training Area Archaeological Field Investigation. English Heritage.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152542.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4436.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV354588Report - Survey: Wessex Archaeology. 2002. Cramber Tor Training Area Rapid Condition Survey. Wessex Archaeology Report. Unknown. Site WA125.

Associated Monuments

MDV28185Related to: Leat south-east of Hart Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV62305Related to: Tin pits south-east of Hart Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV28195Related to: Tin Streamwork in the Newleycombe Valley, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV122159Related to: Trial pits at the head of Hartor Brook, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV62300Related to: Trial pits at the head of Hartor Brook, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV130837Related to: Two earthworks on the western slope of Cramber Tor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project
  • EDV8711 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area

Date Last Edited:Oct 15 2021 4:24PM