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HER Number:MDV28200
Name:Leat supplying Keaglesborough Mine

Summary

A tinners' leat dug in the early 19th century to convey water from the Meavy River to supply the mine at Keaglesborough. It took water from the Meavy below Hart Tor (SX57707193), with a feeder from the Hart Tor Brook (SX576471530), and runs down the Meavy valley above a steep tinners' cliff (SX57407111) before it is cut by a deep area of tin streaming activity (SX57577061).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 575 711
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX57SE244
  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 1461629
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/236
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 24106(P)
  • Old SAM Ref: 22297(P)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LEAT (XVIII to XIX - 1800 AD to 1850 AD (Between))

Full description

South West Heritage Trust, 1838-1848, Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments (Cartographic). SDV359954.

Leat is depicted on the 1840s Walkhampton Tithe Map.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Incomplete sections of leat depicted on the late 19th century historic map.

Royal Air Force, 1947, RAF/CPE/UK/2149, 4439 (Aerial Photograph). SDV282746.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Leat visible on 1947 aerial photograph.

Newman, P., 1987, The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape, 223-40 (Article in Serial). SDV231207.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 152520 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(15/05/1992) A tin prospecting gully and leat are situated at SX 57667170. Both have caused limited damage to the Prehistoric stone alignments through which they were cut. The gully measures 3m wide, 1.6m deep and trends south-east by north-west across the monument. Banks on either side of the trench indicate that it was largely dug by hand and should therefore not be confused with the better known prospecting hushes associated with the lead industry. The leat was used to carry water to a nearby tin stamping mill at Black Tor falls.

Gerrard, S., 1998, Hart Tor Tinworks, 9, Fig 4 (Article in Serial). SDV360974.

Bluesky, 2006 - 2007, Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV341189.

Visible on the aerial photography.

Fletcher, M. J., 2007-2008, Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project (Report - Survey). SDV359195.

(20/11/2007) A tinners' leat dug in the early 19th century to convey water from the Meavy River to supply the mine at Keaglesborough. It took water from the Meavy below Hart Tor (SX57707193), with a feeder from the Hart Tor Brook (SX576471530), and runs down the Meavy valley above a steep tinners' cliff (SX57407111) before it is cut by a deep area of tin streaming activity (SX57577061). Surveyed at 1:2500 scale.

Williams, C., 2020, Keaglesborough, Walkhampton (Interpretation). SDV363687.

This leat is indicated on the tithe map and is mostly still traceable today although disrupted by forestry operations.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV231207Article in Serial: Newman, P.. 1987. The Moorland Meavy - a Tinner's Landscape. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 119. Paperback Volume. 223-40.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 152520.
SDV282746Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1947. RAF/CPE/UK/2149. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 4439.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV341189Aerial Photograph: Bluesky. 2006 - 2007. Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007. Bluesky. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped features: #130405 ; #130406 ]
SDV359195Report - Survey: Fletcher, M. J.. 2007-2008. Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project. English Heritage. Unknown.
SDV359954Cartographic: South West Heritage Trust. 1838-1848. Digitised Tithe Maps and Transcribed Apportionments. Tithe Map and Apportionment. Digital.
SDV360974Article in Serial: Gerrard, S.. 1998. Hart Tor Tinworks. Meavy Valley Archaeology. 10. PDF. 9, Fig 4.
SDV363687Interpretation: Williams, C.. 2020. Keaglesborough, Walkhampton. Digital.

Associated Monuments

MDV5027Related to: Crazywell Farmstead, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV35575Related to: Keaglesborough Mine (Monument)
MDV128361Related to: Land parcels east of Keaglesborough Mine (Monument)
MDV130777Related to: Lode back tinwork south-west of Hart Tor (Monument)
MDV130778Related to: Lode back tinwork west-south-west of Hart Tor (Monument)
MDV5026Related to: Roundy Farmstead, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV5076Related to: The Abbot's Way, Dartmoor (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7517 - Survey of Hart Tor tin works
  • EDV7526 - Survey of Har Tor Stone Rows and Cairns
  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project

Date Last Edited:May 25 2021 4:59PM