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HER Number:MDV28466
Name:Tinners building in Prehistoric settlement in Knackersmill Gulf, Cornwood

Summary

One of two tinners buildings within a prehistoric enclosure in Knackersmill Gulf on the Erme Plain

Location

Grid Reference:SX 636 651
Map Sheet:SX66NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 66 NW 58
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX66NW/183
  • Pastscape: 441729

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • TINNERS HUT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD? to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Three sides of a very small building shown on 19th century map.

Crossing, W., 1912 (1965), Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor, 404 (Monograph). SDV320981.

Worth, R. H., 1940, The Dartmoor Blowing House, 219, 250 (Article in Serial). SDV154693.

Greeves, T. A. P., 1981, List of Doubtful Devon Tin Mills c1450-c1750 (Un-published). SDV336693.

Two structures in Knackersmill Gulf. A shallow valley with a small stream, on the right bank of the Erme, immediately opposite Hook Lane Foot. No blowing house, but there are the remains of two small square buildings and the name clearly indicates the former existence of a stamping mill in the immediate neighbourhood. Not likely to have been a tin mill. Knackersmill placename probably derived from mill at Hook Lane.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded on aerial photograph.

Butler, J., 1993, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East, 69-70, Map 55, Figure 55.3 (Monograph). SDV337765.

Rectangular building '8' of 3 metres by 2 metres is a probable tinners hut within a possible former hut circle

Newman, P., 2018, Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet) (Cartographic). SDV361913.

Newman, P., 2018, The Upper Erme Valley, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: An Archaeological Survey, Appendix 1 , Figure 9 (Report - Survey). SDV362921.

A possible tinners’ building, or lodge, is adjacent to the edge of the tinwork. The walls have been embanked on the exterior but part of the interior wall face survives, measuring 5 metres by 2.5 metres and over 1 metre high at the eastern end. The entrance opening was on the south side.

Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Small building shown on modern mapping.

National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 441729, SX66NW58 (Website). SDV362732.

At SX 63646510 and SX 63676511 are two ruined rectangular buildings of drystone construction. One measures approximately 8.0 metres by 4.0 metres the other 5.0 metres by 2.5 metres. The tumbled walling is from 0.4 metres to 0.8 metres high. Both are in an area of tin-streaming and may be tinners' huts. Found during field investigation.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV154693Article in Serial: Worth, R. H.. 1940. The Dartmoor Blowing House. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 72. 219, 250.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV320981Monograph: Crossing, W.. 1912 (1965). Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Crossing's Guide to Dartmoor. Hardback Volume. 404.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV336693Un-published: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1981. List of Doubtful Devon Tin Mills c1450-c1750. Unknown.
SDV337765Monograph: Butler, J.. 1993. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Four - The South-East. Four. Paperback Volume. 69-70, Map 55, Figure 55.3.
SDV361913Cartographic: Newman, P.. 2018. Erme Valley Survey data (GIS and Excel spreadsheet). GIS ShapeFile. Digital.
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #119013 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 441729, SX66NW58.

Associated Monuments

MDV5155Related to: BUILDING in the Parish of Cornwood (Building)
MDV13172Related to: Enclosure and hut circles on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4239Related to: Hut circle in Prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4237Related to: Hut circle in prehistoric settlement on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4238Related to: Hut circle in prehistoric settlement on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV126536Related to: Hut circle outside prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV4240Related to: Hut circles within prehistoric enclosure on Erme Plains, Cornwood (Monument)
MDV123439Related to: Tinners building in Prehistoric settlement in Knackersmill Gulf, Cornwood (Building)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8082 - Survey of the Upper Erme Valley

Date Last Edited:Oct 4 2019 10:02AM