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HER Number:MDV28487
Name:Inscised stone on the green, Sourton

Summary

Found at East Linnacombe Farm and broken into two, it was mended by the Dartmoor National Park and erected on the green in 1985 with a plaque featuring a description. Incised with crosses and circles.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 534 903
Map Sheet:SX59SW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSourton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSOURTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 59 SW 16
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX59SW/38
  • Old Listed Building Ref (II)
  • Pastscape: 1408968

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • INSCRIBED STONE (Roman to VII - 43 AD to 700 AD? (Between))

Full description

Greeves, T. A. P., 1982, Description and sketch of the incised stone from East Linnacombe Farm (Worksheet). SDV250739.

Possible early Christian incised stone, now in two parts, at East Linnacombe Farm. Until around 1978 it was used for propping up the roof to a shed. A tractor accidentally broke it in two and the farmer was concerned for the safety of the stone. Happy for its removal to a museum.
Measured sketch included of the stone showing break and detail of the incised shapes (30/03/1982).


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1984, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Seventh Paper), 152 (Article in Serial). SDV345276.


Pearce, S. M., 1985, The Early Church in the Landscape: The Evidence from North Devon (part), 142 (Article in Serial). SDV336495.

Pearce groups this along with stones from Winsford Hill (Somerset), Parracombe, Stowford and Lundy, as early Christian memorials of an upper class, set up between AD 500 and 600. Probably originally erected beside the Roman road. Inscription unclear but probably reads "principi virivci audeti".


Griffiths, D. M., 1986, Details of the removal of the East Linnacombe Stone to Sourton Green (Worksheet). SDV250740.

An inscribed stone, standing on the green at SX5350 9034 it that discovered in two pieces at East Linnacombe Farm. It was mended by the Dartmoor National Park and was relocated to the green at Sourton in December 1985. A brass plaque explaining the origins of the stone will be set into a nearby boulder.
Note from Dr E. Okasha (Department of English, University College, Cork) stating that the stone is incised, rather than inscribed. Unsure whether the stone is Early Christian or not.


Express & Echo, 1986, Extracts from the Express and Echo and Western Times, 18/4/1986 (Article in Serial). SDV250741.


Department of Environment, 1987, Sourton, 89 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV263856.

Early Christian stone which was formerly at East Linnacombe Farm. Probably 10th century, repaired and re-erected in 1985. Monolithic granite standing stone. Inscribed on the front with a Greek cross at the top below which is a circle then a St. Andrew's cross and another circle. Carved on the rear is a Greek cross then two circles joined by a vertical line.


Masson Phillips, E. N., 1987, Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Eighth Paper), 244-45 (Article in Serial). SDV350260.

No good reason for assumption of pre-Conquest date.


Gerrard, S., 1993-2002, Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report, 2002? (Report - non-specific). SDV145710.

Sourton Green memorial stone. This is an important early Christian cross which survives very well. However, the archaeological context of this stone is non existent, although the stone itself is of architectural importance. This importance is reflected in its status as a grade II listed building. Considered under the Monument Protection Programme, but not recommended for scheduling.


GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Location of the stone visible on the aerial photography.


Daniel, M. + Bearne, G., 2011-2018, Dartmoor Crosses, Accessed 22/07/2016 (Website). SDV305618.

Sourton Green Cross
This cross was found during the 1980s at a nearby farm. Together with the assistance of local volunteers, it was repaired and set up in its current position on the village green by the Dartmoor National Park Authority in 1985. The two main faces have been carved with Crosses, Circles and Saltires, as can be seen from the main photo, which shows the side facing the main road.
A plaque, next to the cross, records the discovery and re-erection of the cross, which reads as follows:
This Christian Stone dates to about the 10th Century A.D. Found at East Linnacombe. It was repaired
and erected here by the Dartmoor National Park Authority in 1985.


Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 22/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

8/137 Wayside stone approximately 100 - metres to north-north-west of Church of St Thomas - GV II
Early Christian stone which was formerly at East Linnacombe Farm. Probably C10 repaired and re-erected in 1985. Monolithic granite standing stone. Inscribed on the front with a Greek cross at the top below which is a circle then a St Andrew's cross and another circle. Carved on the rear is a Greek cross then 2 circles joined by a vertical line. Source: Dartmoor National Park Authority
Listing NGR: SX5347990320


National Monument Record, 2016, Pastscape, Accessed 22/07/2016 (Website). SDV359354.

SX 5348 9034 Cross-incised stone which was formerly at East Linnacombe Farm. Repaired and re-erected in 1985. Monolithic granite standing stone. Inscribed on the front with a Greek cross at the top below which is a circle then a St Andrew's cross and another circle. Carved on the rear is a Greek cross then 2 circles joined by a vertical line.
The cross is a rectangular pillar with Type A1 crosses and incised ornament on two opposite faces, found at Linnacombe East Farm: Mediaeval or post-Mediaeval (citing Rosemary Cramp 2006 Corpus of Anglo-Saxon Stone Sculpture: Vol VII. South-West England, page 93).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV145710Report - non-specific: Gerrard, S.. 1993-2002. Monument Protection Programme Alternative Action Report. English Heritage. Unknown. 2002?.
SDV250739Worksheet: Greeves, T. A. P.. 1982. Description and sketch of the incised stone from East Linnacombe Farm. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV250740Worksheet: Griffiths, D. M.. 1986. Details of the removal of the East Linnacombe Stone to Sourton Green. Worksheet. Digital.
SDV250741Article in Serial: Express & Echo. 1986. Extracts from the Express and Echo and Western Times. Express & Echo. Unknown. 18/4/1986.
SDV263856List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1987. Sourton. Historic Houses Register. Unknown. 89.
SDV305618Website: Daniel, M. + Bearne, G.. 2011-2018. Dartmoor Crosses. www.dartmoor-crosses.org.uk. Website. Accessed 22/07/2016.
SDV336495Article in Serial: Pearce, S. M.. 1985. The Early Church in the Landscape: The Evidence from North Devon (part). Archaeological Journal. 142. A4 Stapled + Digital. 142.
SDV345276Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1984. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Seventh Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 116. Paperback Volume. 152.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital. [Mapped feature: #15744 ]
SDV350260Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1987. Supplementary Notes on the Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon (Eighth Paper). Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 119. Paperback Volume. 244-45.
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 22/07/2016.
SDV359354Website: National Monument Record. 2016. Pastscape. http://www.pastscape.org.uk. Website. Accessed 22/07/2016.

Associated Monuments

MDV33Related to: Dark Age Cemetery on Beacon Hill, Lundy (Monument)
MDV57368Related to: Remains of a cross on Sourton Green (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jul 22 2016 2:16PM