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HER Number:MDV28489
Name:Rectiliniar enclosure near Peek Hill, Walkhampton

Summary

Remains of a sub-square enclosure that pre-dates the reaves on Peek Hill, one of which cuts across it. Described as well-defined in 2007, it is formed by a turf covered bank of small stones, between 1.8 metres and 2.3 metres wide and from 0.2 metres to 0.4 metres high. A gap of 2.0 metres on the south west side may be original; another on the south-east appears to be modern. Within the enclosure, near the south-east corner, there is a circular patch of stones 8.0 metres across and more concentrated towards the perimeter. Recorded in 1980 as the possible remnants of a hut circle, Fletcher (2007) believes this is part of the reave (MDV15038). The low turf-covered stony bank can be clearly traced through disturbed, bracken-covered moorland. A few short lengths of stony lines can be identified both internally and externally. It seems most unlikely that there was a second enclosure on the west side of the reave The small stone clearance cairn has been spread (2007 survey).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 557 701
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 114
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/272
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/458
  • Old SAM Ref: 24090
  • Pastscape: 440354

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 113-4 plan (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

An enclosure near Peek Hill may be partly destroyed by one of the Peek Hill and Sharpitor reaves.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX57SE114 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV250706.

(Visited 10/8/1980) Centred at SX 55777014 on a slight southeast slope of the Sharpitor to Peek Hill ridge are the remains of a rectilinear enclosure, possibly of about 1.76 hectares though the north-west side cannot now be traced with any degree of certainty.
It is formed by a turf covered bank of small stones, between 1.8 metres and 2.3 metres wide and from 0.2 metres to 0.4 metres high. A gap of 2.0 metres on the south west side may be original; another on the south-east appears to be modern.
Within the enclosure, near the south-east corner, there is a circular patch of stones 8.0 metres across and more concentrated towards the perimeter. It could be clearance or the remnants of a totally ruined hut. (not surveyed).
The enclosure was evidently out of use when the Sharpitor to Peek Hill reave was made (SX 57 SE 93) since it cut across the western end. Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD.


Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded in project.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 156879, 2000 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Enclosure 250 metres north-east of Peek Hill. No further information provided by Gerrard.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 85, map 45 (Monograph). SDV137656.

There is an enclosure near Peek Hill which seems to have been partly destroyed by one of the Peek Hill and Sharpitor reaves (SX 56 NE 183 and SX 57 SE 93).


Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.


National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 2007? Data (Website). SDV362732.

This sub-square enclosure is well-defined. Its low turf-covered stony bank can be clearly traced through disturbed, bracken-covered moorland. A few short lengths of stony lines can be identified both internally and externally. It seems most unlikely that there was a second enclosure on the west side of the reave The small stone clearance cairn has been spread. The feature noted as a hut circle by Butler is in fact a damaged part of the reave. Surveyed and investigated at 1:2500 scale (no citation for this source given on Pastscape, but it is thought to be from the survey of the area made by Fletcher, M. J., 11/05/2007, English Heritage Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 85, map 45.
SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 113-4 plan.
SDV250706Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX57SE114. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Digital.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 156879, 2000.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #111790 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 2007? Data.

Associated Monuments

MDV63629Related to: Cairn 200 metres north-east of Peek Hill (Monument)
MDV63631Related to: Royal Air Force Gee Master Transmitting Station, Peek Hill (Monument)
MDV15038Related to: The Walkhampton Common Reave (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 6 2019 2:46PM