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HER Number:MDV28493
Name:Clearance cairn close to the Merrivale hut circle settlement

Summary

The remains of a stony cairn are visible in an area of clitter and close-cropped moorland turf on the fringe of a large Bronze Age settlement. The loosely piled stones and boulders measure 6.7 metres by 3.8 metres and form two piles each 0.5 metres high. There is no evidence to suggest the presence of an original kerb. It is probably a Post Medieval stone clearance heap rather than a Bronze Age cairn.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 556 748
Map Sheet:SX57SE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 57 SE 108
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57SE/276
  • Old SAM Ref: 24191
  • Pastscape: 440336

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CLEARANCE CAIRN (Constructed, Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey, 1979, SX57SE108 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV251753.

A cairn 3.4 meters in diameter and composed of small slabs and blocks 0.3 metres high, circumscribed by a crude kerb 0.2 metres high. A post-type stone, 1.0 metres long by 0.15 metres in section, lies across the cairn. It is doubtful whether it is a clearance cairn because it would be the only one in the vicinity so more likely it is sepulchral.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not recorded during the Aerial Photograph Project.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., 1994, MPP 133541 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Round cairn lies immediately south of a large partially enclosed settlement. Mound measures 3.4 metres in diameter, stands up to 0.4 metres high and is surrounded by a low kerb of edge set stones. A large slab measuring 1.0 metre by 0.15 metres thick lies across the mound and may have once stood nearby. The origin and function of this cairn cannot be established with certainty, although given its location between a settlement and major ceremonial site a funerary origin does seem the most likely.

Probert, S. A. J., 2000, The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon (Report - Survey). SDV344969.

The remains of a stony cairn are visible in an area of clitter and close-cropped moorland turf on the fringe of a large Bronze Age settlement. The loosely piled stones and boulders measure 6.7 metres by 3.8 metres and form two piles each 0.5 metres high. There is no evidence to suggest the presence of an original kerb. It is probably a Post Medieval stone clearance heap rather than a Bronze Age cairn. Other details: 440336 NMR Number: SX 57 SE 108.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording forms, MER-9 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 18/09/2019. Cairn covered with grass with gorse outcrops. Overall condition moderate. Photo taken.

Various, 2018-2019, PALs Condition Recording photographs, MER-9 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Photo looking 160° showing grass cover with gorse outcrops.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV251753Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey. 1979. SX57SE108.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. 1994, MPP 133541.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital). [Mapped feature: #86084 ]
SDV344969Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2000. The Merrivale Guardianship Area, Walkhampton, Devon. English Heritage. 1247982. A4 Comb Bound + Digital.
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. MER-9.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2019. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. MER-9.

Associated Monuments

MDV4897Related to: Merrivale hut circle settlement (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV4830 - Survey of guardianship area, Merrivale

Date Last Edited:Sep 23 2019 11:29AM