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HER Number:MDV28504
Name:Semi-circular enclosure south of Shavercombe Brook

Summary

An enclosure south of Shavercombe Brook with a hut near its southern wall was recorded in 1978 by the Ordnance Survey. It measures around 48 metres by 28 metres, and is constructed of rubble walling 1.0 metre thick and 0.6 metres high with two gaps, one to the east of the hut and the second at the western extremity of the enclosure. The levelled interior is relatively stone free suggesting clearance. The hut, in very poor condition, has a level interior with a diameter of 2.7 metres and a north-eastern entrance (1978 survey). Survey in 2002 suggested this is not a hut and is instead debris from the enclosure wall.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 591 664
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishShaugh Prior
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishSHAUGH PRIOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/483
  • Old SAM Ref: 24230(P)
  • Pastscape: 438941

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE157 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV143509.

(21/02/1979) On a shelf above a steep river cliff overlooking Shavercombe Brook at 310m. OD is an enclosed hut. The enclosure is semi-circular, ending on the cliff (see plan) some 48.0m by 28.0m, and is constructed of rubble walling 1.0m thick and 0.6m high with two gaps, one to the east of the hut and the second at the western extremity of the enclosure. The levelled interior is relatively stone free suggesting clearance. The hut, in very poor condition, has a level interior with a diameter of 2.7m and a north-eastern entrance.
Its double-faced orthostatic walling, is 0.7m wide and 0.2m high is that of a Type 2 (SX 56 NE 71) hut.
A field system is visible on the higher slope to the south of the enclosed hut circle. (See SX 56 NE 125). Surveyed at 1:10 000 on MSD.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Not shown on aerial photograph.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 140460, 03/05/1995 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

Enclosure survives as a 25 metre by 20 metre area defined by a 2 metre wide and 0.5 metres high double faced rubble bank around 3 sides. The north circuit has been removed by streamworking and therefore the original extent of this feature is not known. A 3 metre wide gap in the south circuit flanked on the west side by an expanded terminal and a large 0.8 metre high orthostat on the inner face may represent an original entrance. A hut circle is attached to the south wall of the enclosure.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 124, Map 49 (Monograph). SDV137656.

(9) Shavercombe Brook Foot. Vast streamworks at the junction of Shavercombe Brook with the River Plym have destroyed much of this enclosure which must have been sited close to the old river bank. Tinners have altered the river's course in cutting back the bank leaving only a short section of boundary wall some 4 metres above the Brook. A single small hut circle of 3 metres diameter survives in the southern part of the enclosure.

Thackray, C., 1994, The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape, 273-4, 102.982 (Report - non-specific). SDV143510.

Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J., 2002, Plym Valley survey (Report - Survey). SDV350782.

(16/01/2002) Centred SX 59196450. A crescentic bank marking the southern edge of an enclosure now truncated by streamworking remains flanking Shavercombe Brook. The bank, 1 to 1.5 metres wide and 0.6 metres high, is some 65 metres long and encloses an area of 0.1 hectares.
The hut circle described by previous recorder is a crude semi-circle of rubble seemingly derived from the adjacent breech in the enclosure wall and is not an original feature.

Bluesky, 2006 - 2007, Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007 (Aerial Photograph). SDV341189.

Southern half of a circular feature visible on the aerial photography.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 124, Map 49.
SDV143509Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE157. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown.
SDV143510Report - non-specific: Thackray, C.. 1994. The Upper Plym Valley: the management of an historic landscape. 273-4, 102.982.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 140460, 03/05/1995.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV341189Aerial Photograph: Bluesky. 2006 - 2007. Bluesky aerial photographs 2006 - 2007. Bluesky. Photograph (Digital). [Mapped feature: #122171 ]
SDV350782Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J. + Fletcher, M. J.. 2002. Plym Valley survey. English Heritage Archaeological Investigation Report. Unknown.

Associated Monuments

MDV55470Parent of: Unlikely hut Circle in enclosure south of Shavercombe Brook (Monument)
MDV126611Related to: Military pits near Shavercombe Brook (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8148 - The Upper Plym Valley: The Management of an Historic Landscape
  • EDV8155 - Plym Valley Survey

Date Last Edited:Oct 8 2019 1:13PM