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HER Number:MDV28506
Name:Central Devon United Mine

Summary

Central Devon United Mine, in use for mining tin and arsenic between 1900-1922. This is one of the three mines which formed part of Devon United Mines and was linked to the South Devon United Mine by a tramway to transport ore to the South mine for treatment. This site is included in the local list of Nationally Important Dartmoor sites.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 515 787
Map Sheet:SX57NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishPeter Tavy
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishPETER TAVY

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Central Devon United Mine, ealy 20th century tin and arsenic mine with remains of a shaft, parts of the flat-rod-operated pumprods and winding gear

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: 1457219
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NW/179
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • MINE (XIX to XX - 1900 AD to 1922 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX57NW90 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV224988.


Ordnance Survey, 1904 - 1906, Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map (Cartographic). SDV325644.

Central Devon United Mine (Copper) depicted on the Second Edition Ordnance Survey map. Map object based on this Source.


Harris, H., 1968, Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor, 56 (Monograph). SDV149229.

Central Devon United Mine (disused copper mine). Devon United Mines were probably started for copper in about 1820 and work concentrated on the production of this metal in the early years. Later, tin and arsenic were produced, 367 tons of black tin being the output for the years 1904-9 and 1912-22. The workings here are mainly filled up with 'tailings' or waste; various buildings, consisting of metal sheds have now been removed.


Richardson, P. H. G., 1992, The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913, 53-60 (Article in Serial). SDV323598.

Central Devon United is a relatively new mine started soon after 1900 (one of the three mines that made up Devon United Mines); tin and arsnic were mined here.
It has an unusual number of identifiable features remaining at the site. On the surface the central mine consisted of a shaft, adit, Cornish beam pump and steam hoist. A tramway linked it with the South mine, where all the mined material was treated. A leat from the Tavy to the South mine went under the dumps of the central mine, the north portal of which bore the inscription "C. S. Ltd.1918" for Contin Syndicate who latterly worked the mine. Now blocked the shaft is filled in almost to the surface.
This mine was abandoned along with South Devon United in 1922, possibly due to a shortage of water caused by the Great Drought of 1921; there was also a trade slump during the same year which along with the possible exhaustion of the mineral lodes may have all contributed to the closure.


Cranstone, D. + Hedley, I., 1995, Monuments Protection Programme: The Arsenic Industry, Step 3 Site Assessments, 3 (Report - Survey). SDV241572.

Mid Devon United Mine. Mining remains on the site consist of early 20th century shaft, parts of the flat-rod-operated pumprods and remains of winding gear, which are very rare survivals. It was connected to South Devon United Mine by a leat, rodway and tramway. Along with the South mine, these sites form a rare survival of an arsenic mine and works in association and a good example of rodway and tramway layouts. Other details: Number 4B.


Cranstone, D. + Hedley, I., 1995, The Tin Industry, Step 3 Site Assessments: Devon, 18, 58 (Report - Assessment). SDV346887.


Munro, D., 1999, The Mary Tavy / Peter Tavy Excursion, 8-9 (Article in Serial). SDV224990.

The Central mine produced mostly arsenic which was processed at the South mine (PRN 4190).


Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.


Ordnance Survey, 2011, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV346129.

Map object based on this Source.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149229Monograph: Harris, H.. 1968. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. Industrial Archaeology of Dartmoor. A5 Hardback. 56.
SDV224988Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX57NW90. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV224990Article in Serial: Munro, D.. 1999. The Mary Tavy / Peter Tavy Excursion. Dartmoor Tin Working Research Group Newsletter. 17. Leaflet. 8-9.
SDV241572Report - Survey: Cranstone, D. + Hedley, I.. 1995. Monuments Protection Programme: The Arsenic Industry, Step 3 Site Assessments. English Heritage Report. A4 Bound. 3.
SDV323598Article in Serial: Richardson, P. H. G.. 1992. The Mines of Dartmoor and the Tamar Valley after 1913. British Mining. 44. A5 Paperback. 53-60.
SDV325644Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1904 - 1906. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Second Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346129Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2011. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV346887Report - Assessment: Cranstone, D. + Hedley, I.. 1995. The Tin Industry, Step 3 Site Assessments: Devon. English Heritage Report. Unknown. 18, 58.

Associated Monuments

MDV63760Parent of: Mine shaft, Central Devon United Mine (Monument)
MDV4188Related to: Bennett's Adit (Monument)
MDV28505Related to: North Devon United Mine (Monument)
MDV4190Related to: South Devon United Mine (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Jan 29 2013 2:17PM