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HER Number:MDV28519
Name:Earthwork in the Walkham Valley

Summary

Vis=7/11/1979 (os). Centred at sx556-758- on the eastern side of the walkham valley is an extensive funnel-shaped earthwork evidently designed to guide animals within a constricting passage to the river. On the upper ground droving was facilitated by a wing or wings of which only the southern one now exists, 170m long. The funnel is about 300m long, destroyed before it reaches the river by a wide expanse of tin streaming. The northern wing now abuts on or is overlaid or truncated by the 'great western reave'. The earthwork is primarily a ditch construction, probably originally of v-section, but now silted and from 2m to 3m wide at the top and up to 0.8m deep. Upcast piled on the outer lip of each ditch probably formed an additional barrier but this is now visibly a weak bank 2m wide and 0.2m to 0.4m high. At the stem of the funnel the bank has completely disappeared but in general the condition of the earthwork is remarkably good. Little stone on the surface area may account for the unusual, for dartmoor, earth construction. Stone is readily available to the east and immediately beyond the reave, which appears to be a later work and deprives the funnel of its initial function. Possibly the funnel was associated with the local settlements particularly those to the north (sx57ne23 + 24) (os).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 555 757
Map Sheet:SX57NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status: none recorded

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX57NE/111

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • LINEAR EARTHWORK (Early Medieval to XVIII - 1066 AD to 1800 AD (Between))

Full description

SX57NE23 + 24, Untitled Source (Report - Survey). SDV221768.

Vis=7/11/1979 (os). Centred at sx556-758- on the eastern side of the walkham valley is an extensive funnel-shaped earthwork evidently designed to guide animals within a constricting passage to the river. On the upper ground droving was facilitated by a wing or wings of which only the southern one now exists, 170m long. The funnel is about 300m long, destroyed before it reaches the river by a wide expanse of tin streaming. The northern wing now abuts on or is overlaid or truncated by the 'great western reave'. The earthwork is primarily a ditch construction, probably originally of v-section, but now silted and from 2m to 3m wide at the top and up to 0.8m deep. Upcast piled on the outer lip of each ditch probably formed an additional barrier but this is now visibly a weak bank 2m wide and 0.2m to 0.4m high. At the stem of the funnel the bank has completely disappeared but in general the condition of the earthwork is remarkably good. Little stone on the surface area may account for the unusual, for dartmoor, earth construction. Stone is readily available to the east and immediately beyond the reave, which appears to be a later work and deprives the funnel of its initial function. Possibly the funnel was associated with the local settlements particularly those to the north (sx57ne23 + 24) (os).


RCHM APP 1985, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221769.

Shown but not described (rchm app 1985).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221770.

Osa=sx57ne50.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV221771.

Aph=nmr/sf1510/175-8.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV221768Report - Survey: SX57NE23 + 24.
SDV221769Migrated Record: RCHM APP 1985.
SDV221770Migrated Record:
SDV221771Aerial Photograph:

Associated Monuments

MDV102721Related to: Cist and cairn, Merrivale Newtake (Monument)
MDV12817Related to: Great Western Reave (middle section) (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 22 2016 3:27PM