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HER Number:MDV28521
Name:Semi-oval enclosure south-west of Legis Tor, Sheepstor

Summary

Small semi-oval enclosure with attached stone structures. Measures internally 45 metres north-south by 22 metres east-west and is defined by a rubble wall 1.0 metres wide and up to 0.8 metres high on three sides with the fourth being denoted by a river scarp. Three D-shaped stone structures are attached to the inner face of the eastern boundary wall, which appear to be later additions to the enclosure, which is also impacted by the nearby leat and associated dumping of material on the site.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 567 653
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishSheepstor
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishSHEEPSTOR

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 154
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/487
  • Old SAM Ref Revised: 22289
  • Old SAM Ref: 10825
  • Pastscape: 438932

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Haynes, R. G., 1978, Typescript notes and plans (Un-published). SDV285917.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE154, SX56NE154 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV220930.

(13/02/1979) On a river cliff on the east side of Legis Lake is a semi-oval enclosure 45.0m by 22.0m with walling 1.0m thick and 0.8m high. No original entrance is visible Attached to the inner side of the east wall are three semi-rectangular yards each measuring about 10.0m by 4.0m; they are marked by lines of stones and have no obvious entrances. The hut shown by (Haynes) at SX 5677 6531 appears to be a modern shelter, 1.5m in diameter internally, attached to the
outer walling of the enclosure which appears to be prehistoric with later repairs and additions.
Surveyed at 1:10 000 on P.F.D.

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 130880 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

22/02/1993 Small semi-oval enclosure with attached stone structures forming part of an extensive Prehistoric settlement. Measures internally 45m north-south by 22m east-west and is defined by a rubble wall 1m wide and up to 0.8m high on three sides with the fourth being denoted by a river scarp.
Three D-shaped stone structures are attached to the inner face of the eastern boundary wall. The northern structure measures 4m by 3m and is defined by a 1m wide and 0.4m high rubble wall. The central structure measures 9.7m by 4.6m and is defined by an orthostatic wall 1m wide and 0.9m high. The southern structure measures 11m by 4m and is surrounded by a 1.2m wide and 0.5m high rubble wall. The final structure is a small triangular shaped building attached to the outer face of the southern boundary wall. The interior of this building measures 5m by 3m and a gap in the north-east wall may represent a doorway. This structure is probably of post-Medieval date, and is similar in character to some tinners' buildings in Devon and Cornwall.
The structures within this enclosure are very different in character to the huts found within other enclosures at Legis Tor and they may therefore not represent Bronze Age habitations. It seems equally possible that they are either of Neolithic or Medieval date, and only excavation will determine their true character and period. The relationship between the field system [AI: 130879] and this enclosure suggests that they are broadly contemporary and given the relatively early date for these fields, a Neolithic or early Bronze Age date for the enclosure itself is not impossible.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 111, Map 49, Figure 49.1 (Monograph). SDV137656.

Enclosure indicated to the north-west of the 'Legis Tor enclosures'. This enclosure 'E' based on legis lake could be consided as part of the settlement but very little of it remains . Streamworks here are 100 metres wide and only the upper border together with traces of interior buildings survive around the lip of the excavations.

Newman, P. + Probert, S., 2005, Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey (Report - Survey). SDV363484.

(18/02/2005) This feature remains as described by the Ordnance Survey in 1979. The internal features do not appear to be original elements of this site and may be related to the areas use as a warren. The remains have been further complicated by the construction of a leat along the outside of the enclosure wall that has resulted in debris being dumped within the enclosure.

Probert, S. A. J., 2010, A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Ringmoor, Dartmoor Training Area (Report - Survey). SDV360517.

Newman, P., 2018, Archaeological Sites within Ringmoor Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation (Report - Survey). SDV361636.

Enclosure with later structures along the eastern wall shown on the GIS survey layer.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 111, Map 49, Figure 49.1.
SDV220930Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE154. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Unknown. SX56NE154.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 130880.
SDV285917Un-published: Haynes, R. G.. 1978. Typescript notes and plans. Unknown.
SDV360517Report - Survey: Probert, S. A. J.. 2010. A Condition Survey of the Archaeological Sites of Ringmoor, Dartmoor Training Area. A4 Comb Bound.
SDV361636Report - Survey: Newman, P.. 2018. Archaeological Sites within Ringmoor Training Area, Dartmoor National Park, Devon: A condition survey on behalf of Defence Infrastructure Organisation. South-West Landscape Investigations. A4 Comb Bound. [Mapped feature: #124145 ]

Associated Monuments

MDV50631Related to: Enclosure south-west of Legis Tor (Monument)
MDV50633Related to: Fragmentary field system on Legis Tor (Monument)
MDV3417Related to: Vermin trap at Legis Tor Warren (Monument)
MDV25289Related to: Yeoland Consols Tin Mine Leat (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7443 - Condition survey of archaeological sites in Ringmoor Training Area
  • EDV7569 - Condition survey of Ringmoor Down training area
  • EDV8227 - Ringmoor Training Area: Monument Baseline Condition Survey

Date Last Edited:Apr 26 2021 8:30AM