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HER Number:MDV28529
Name:Ring cairn 30 metres south-west of Peek Hill

Summary

Diameter 18 metres, height 0.4 metres. A 2.2 metre wide rubble bank surrounding a 13.6 metre internal area within which is a further 1.4 metre wide bank measuring up to 0.3 metres high in which there are a number of edge set stones (2000 visit). The interior is composed of a confused spread of fragmentary rock slabs and boulders that gives the impression of quarrying disturbance. There are numerous leaning slabs but how many have been artificially erected is difficult to discern as some are clearly natural strata. Perhaps a rocky outcrop was cut away when the cairn was constructed. The central rather ragged rectangular pit is heavily disturbed probably the result of an unrecorded excavation (surveyed and investigated in 2007).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 556 699
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX 56 NE 179
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/481
  • Old SAM Ref: 24090
  • Pastscape: 439003

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • RING CAIRN (Constructed, Early Neolithic to Late Bronze Age - 4000 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Fleming, A., 1978, The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor, 114, plan. (Article in Serial). SDV235265.

'Cairn' shown by Fleming but is not described.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1980, SX56NE179 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV220939.

(Visited 22/8/1980) On Peek Hill, around 398 metres OD, is an extensively robbed cairn skirted by a reave (SX 56 NE 183). It measures 18 metres in diameter, is generally 0.4 metres high and is constructed of small stones. The remains of a probable concentric inner ring of slabs, about 10 metres in diameter, rise a further 0.2 metres above the general level of the cairn. The slabs are close packed and set on edge, many with a distinct inward lean. A pit, 1.0 metre by 0.8 metres and 0.6 metres deep, is visible within the ring (see plan).
The poor condition of the cairn may be due in part to the presence of an adjacent disused Royal Air Force signal station. Surveyed at 1:2500 and 1:250 for Archaeological Officer Records.


Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP 156877, 18/3/2000 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

(SX 5561 6993) Ring cairn 30 metres south-west of Peek Hill. Diameter 18 metres, height 0.4 metres. A 2.2 metre wide rubble bank surrounding a 13.6 metre internal area within which is a further 1.4 metre wide bank measuring up to 0.3 metres high in which there are a number of edge set stones. Grass, moss and rushes.


Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 85, map 45 (Monograph). SDV137656.

A cairn pitted all over the surface and hollowed out in the centre but enough to show that it was carefully constructed. An outer rim of small stones surrounds larger slabs propped up at an angle and oriented towards the centre.


Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.


Ordnance Survey, 2019, MasterMap 2019 (Cartographic). SDV362729.

Ring cairn is depicted on the modern mapping; location matches the site as seen on 2015 aerial photographs.


National Monuments Record, 2019, Pastscape, 2007 survey data (Website). SDV362732.

The heavily disturbed and robbed cairn occupies a high point on Peek Hill that offers an impressive 360 degree vista. The interior is composed of a confused spread of fragmentary rock slabs and boulders that gives the impression of quarrying disturbance. There are numerous leaning slabs but how many have been artificially erected is difficult to discern as some are clearly natural strata. Perhaps a rocky outcrop was cut away when the cairn was constructed.
The central rather ragged rectangular pit is heavily disturbed probably the result of an unrecorded excavation. Surveyed and investigated at 1:2500 scale (citing Fletcher, M. J., 11/05/2007, English Heritage Field Investigation).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 85, map 45.
SDV220939Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1980. SX56NE179. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Digital.
SDV235265Article in Serial: Fleming, A.. 1978. The Prehistoric Landscape of Dartmoor. Part 1: South Dartmoor. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 44. Unknown. 114, plan..
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP 156877, 18/3/2000.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV362729Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2019. MasterMap 2019. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #119195 ]
SDV362732Website: National Monuments Record. 2019. Pastscape. https://www.pastscape.org.uk/. Website. 2007 survey data.

Associated Monuments

MDV29973Related to: Reaves on Peek Hill, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV63631Related to: Royal Air Force Gee Master Transmitting Station, Peek Hill (Monument)
MDV63636Related to: Shelter cut into rinng cairn on Peek Hill, Walkhampton (Building)
MDV63628Related to: Tor cairn on Peek Hill (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 6 2019 8:39AM