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HER Number:MDV2854
Name:Sub-rectangular enclosure on Henlake Down

Summary

A sub-rectangular enclosure on Henlake Down. Earthworks of an inner bank and outer ditch are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 633 569
Map Sheet:SX65NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishCornwood
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishCORNWOOD

Protected Status

  • SHINE: Walling and earthworks of Bronze Age hut circles and cairns, along with cultivation ridges and a medieval or later sub-rectangular enclosure on Henlake Down

Other References/Statuses

  • National Record of the Historic Environment: 441283
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NW/20
  • SHINE Candidate (Yes)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • ENCLOSURE (Early Medieval to Post Medieval - 1066 AD to 1750 AD (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, SX65NW12 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV346201.

Ordnance Survey, 1880-1899, First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map (Cartographic). SDV336179.

Earthworks of a sub-rectangular enclosure are depicted.

Wall, J. C., 1906, Ancient Earthworks, 605 (Article in Monograph). SDV341465.

Quadrilateral earthwork on Henlake Down, with a single ditch and bank. The road has destroyed the south eastern portion. The entrance at the southern extremity of the earthwork has also been destroyed.

Royal Air Force, 1946, RAF/CPE/UK/1890, Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 3164-3165 10-DEC-1946 (Aerial Photograph). SDV351061.

Earthworks of banks and ditches are visible.

Royal Air Force, 1946 - 1949, Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV342938.

National Monuments Record, 1979, NMR SX6356, 268 (Aerial Photograph). SDV149977.

Other details: SF 1457.

Silvester, R. J. + Higham, R. A., 1980, Domestic Enclosures of Probable Medieval Date, 63-5 (Article in Serial). SDV55518.

Earthwork. Sub-rectangular ditched site - possibly post-medieval. Other details: Map.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

Rectangular earthwork cut away on southern edge by a path and overgrown as visible on 1979 National Monuments Record aerial photograph.

Griffith, F. M. + Robinson, R., 1986, Untitled Source (Site Visit). SDV149978.

(Site visited 6/5/1986). Site in excellent condition except for a little motorbike damage at the north-western corner. Possible entrance in south of the south-western side. There are traces of a possible uphill outwork. This may be a Civil War earthwork - sited with reference to downhill activities, possibly to overlook Ivybridge. Almost certainly not prehistoric.

Farmer, J., 1992, Untitled Source (Site Visit). SDV149979.

(Site visited at some point in 1991). 'D' shaped earthwork with bank and outer ditch, measuring approximately 80 by 40 meters. There is a bank and ditch clearly defined to a maximum height of 2.0 meters on the northern side. The eastern and western sides have been cut by a modern footpath. The north-west and south-eastern corners are clear, although slightly eroded. There is a suggestion of a possible outer bank and level feature on the inner bank at the south-eastern corner. Much of the southern bank and south-western corner has been truncated by a ditch ('kings gutter'), though a possible entrance is visible at the south-western corner above this ditch. Random stone courses on the line of the original bank are visible as a split tree trunk at this point. Beyond the north bank the remains of a 0.50 meter high outer bank are visible as a gentle rise with stony patches. A possible circular feature is visible at its most northerly point.

Environment Agency WMS, 1998-2016, LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution) (Cartographic). SDV360208.

The full extent of the enclosure appears fairly clearly visible on the lidar data. Map object based on this source.

Environment Agency, 1998-2017, LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor, LIDAR SX6356; SX6357 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017 (Cartographic). SDV361470.

Earthworks of banks and ditches are visible.

Gerrard, S., 2004, List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor (Un-published). SDV345444.

This site was considered for designation as a Scheduled Ancient Monument during the Monument Protection Programme. The programme ended before the entire list of sites was successfully scheduled so this is included on a local list of Nationally Important Sites.

GeoInformation Group Ltd, 2010, 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution) (Aerial Photograph). SDV346026.

Ordnance Survey, 2010, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV344030.

Map object based on this Source.

Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R., 2019-2020, The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP) (Interpretation). SDV362982.

Earthworks of an inner bank, between 3m and 6m wide, flanked by earthworks of an outer ditch, circa 5m wide, are visible on aerial photographs taken from 1946 onwards and on visualisations derived from lidar data captured between 1998 and 2017. The earthworks define two almost complete circuits of a sub-rectangular medieval or post-medieval enclosure that measures circa 100m long by 75m wide and which is situated on moderate southeast facing slope. The south-eastern extent of the enclosure has been truncated by a field boundary and King's Gutter drain. Earthworks of the enclosure are shown on the late 19th century First Edition Ordnance Survey map.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149977Aerial Photograph: National Monuments Record. 1979. NMR SX6356. National Monuments Record Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). 268.
SDV149978Site Visit: Griffith, F. M. + Robinson, R.. 1986. Worksheet. Unknown.
SDV149979Site Visit: Farmer, J.. 1992. Worksheet. Unknown.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV336179Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 1880-1899. First Edition Ordnance 25 inch map. First Edition Ordnance Survey 25 inch Map. Map (Digital).
SDV341465Article in Monograph: Wall, J. C.. 1906. Ancient Earthworks. Victoria History of the County of Devon. Hardback Volume. 605.
SDV342938Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946 - 1949. Royal Air Force Aerial Photographs. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Digital).
SDV344030Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2010. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey. Map (Digital).
SDV345444Un-published: Gerrard, S.. 2004. List of Sites Remaining to be Considered for Designation on Dartmoor. Digital.
SDV346026Aerial Photograph: GeoInformation Group Ltd. 2010. 1:625 2010 Colour (12.5cm resolution). 2010 Aerial Photographs. Digital.
SDV346201Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. SX65NW12. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card.
SDV351061Aerial Photograph: Royal Air Force. 1946. RAF/CPE/UK/1890. Royal Air Force Aerial Photograph. Photograph (Paper). Devon County Council RAF/CPE/UK/1890 3164-3165 10-DEC-1946.
SDV360208Cartographic: Environment Agency WMS. 1998-2016. LiDAR DTM data JPEG image (1m resolution). Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital.
SDV361470Cartographic: Environment Agency. 1998-2017. LiDAR DTM data (1m resolution) EA: South Devon Coast to Dartmoor. Environment Agency LiDAR data. Digital. LIDAR SX6356; SX6357 Environment Agency DTM 01-JAN-1998 to 31-MAY-2017. [Mapped feature: #86109 ]
SDV362982Interpretation: Hegarty, C., Knight, S. and Sims, R.. 2019-2020. The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping Survey. Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (AI&M, formerly NMP). Historic England Research Report. Digital.
SDV55518Article in Serial: Silvester, R. J. + Higham, R. A.. 1980. Domestic Enclosures of Probable Medieval Date. Proceedings of the Devon Archaeological Society. 38. Paperback Volume. 63-5.

Associated Monuments

MDV13136Related to: King's Gutter Leat (Monument)
MDV119777Related to: Possible cultivation ridges on Henlake Down (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV8098 - The South Devon Coast to Dartmoor Aerial Investigation and Mapping (formerly NMP) Survey, Area 2, Avon Valley to Plymouth (Ref: ACD2040)

Date Last Edited:Nov 6 2019 1:58PM