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HER Number:MDV28549
Name:Reave along the summit ridge of Hingston Hill, Walkhampton

Summary

Reave running for 350 metres north to south along the summit ridge of Hingston Hill and petering out to north and south

Location

Grid Reference:SX 586 692
Map Sheet:SX56NE
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishWalkhampton
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishWALKHAMPTON

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • National Monuments Record: SX56NE171
  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX56NE/492
  • Old SAM Ref: 24082

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • REAVE (Constructed, Bronze Age - 2200 BC to 701 BC (Between))

Full description

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1979, SX56NE171, SX56NE171 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV221183.

Visited on 17th April 1979. A reave 320 metres long runs from SX58596943 to SX58656912, traversing the summit of the ridge at 372 metres OD and turning halfway in its course from a north/south alignment to a north west/south east one. There are no traces of any other reaves running from it. It has a width of up to 2.0 metres and a height of 0.5 metres. At both ends it peters out with no further trace.

Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England, 1985, Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP (Cartographic). SDV319854.

(shown but not described by rchm app 1985).

Gerrard, S., 1990-2002, Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset., MPP133299, 25/5/1993 (Report - Survey). SDV277946.

This 350 metre length of reave traverses the summit of Hingston Hill, from SX5859 6942 to SX5865 6912. Survives as a 2.0 metre wide rubble bank standing up to 0.5 metres high and separates a group of ritual monuments from broadly contemporary settlements and field systems. The northern part of the reave is oriented north-north-east by south-south-west and turns to a north-west by south-east alignment along its southern length. The purpose of this reave appears to have been to denote a boundary between a rich ritual area containing at least three cairns, a stone alignment and associated enclosure from a large enclosed settlement, its fields and upland grazing.

Butler, J., 1994, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West, 74, Map 47 (Monograph). SDV137656.

A reave across the summit if Hingston Hill orientated at right angles to the stone row and ending abruptly on the slopes to the north and south. It must have been a boundary work between valley woodland to the north and south. Now spread to 2.5 metres across a few facing slabs remain to show that it had been carefully constructed.

Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC, 2015-2017, 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs (Aerial Photograph). SDV361462.

Visible on aerial photograph.

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording forms, WLK-DT12 (Worksheet). SDV362781.

Visited 12/07/2019. Reave generally grass and heather covered with a few outcrops of gorse mainly on the south part. A gap in the reave at SX 58572 69361 has quad bike tracks running through it and the reave is crossed by paths at SX 58566 39314, SX 58565 69270 and SX 58607 69214. Photos X 2 taken

Various, 2018-2020, PALs Condition Recording photographs, WLK-DT12 (Photograph). SDV363073.

Visited 12/07/2019. Photos X 2 taken 1) A general view looking north north east along the northern part of the reave. 2) A view along the southern part of the reave showing gorse outcrops on the east side of the reave looking south

Ordnance Survey, 2021, MasterMap 2021 (Cartographic). SDV364015.

'Boundary Work' shown on modern mapping.

Historic England, 2021, National Heritage List for England, 1010784 (National Heritage List for England). SDV364016.

This monument includes a 350 metres length of reave traversing the summit of Hingston Hill. The reave survives as a 2.0 metres wide rubble bank standing up to 0.5 metres high which separates a group of ritual monuments from broadly contemporary settlements and field systems, most of which are the subject of separate schedulings. The northern part of the reave is orientated north-north-east to south-south-west and turns to a north-west to south-east alignment along its southern length. The purpose of this reave appears to have been to denote a boundary between a rich ritual area containing at least three cairns, a stone alignment and associated enclosure, from a large enclosed settlement, its fields and upland grazing.

Sources / Further Reading

SDV137656Monograph: Butler, J.. 1994. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities: Volume Three - The South-West. Three. Paperback Volume. 74, Map 47.
SDV221183Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1979. SX56NE171. OSAD Card. SX56NE171.
SDV277946Report - Survey: Gerrard, S.. 1990-2002. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Monument Protection Programme. Archaeological Item Dataset.. Mixed Archive Material + Digital. MPP133299, 25/5/1993.
SDV319854Cartographic: Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England. 1985. Aerial Photograph Project (Dartmoor) - Dartmoor Pre-NMP. Royal Commission on the Historical Monuments of England Aerial Photograph P. Cartographic.
SDV361462Aerial Photograph: Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. 2015-2017. 2015-2017 Aerial Photographs. Bluesky International Ltd/Getmapping PLC. Photograph (Digital).
SDV362781Worksheet: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording forms. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT12.
SDV363073Photograph: Various. 2018-2020. PALs Condition Recording photographs. PALs Condition Assessment Project Forms. Digital. WLK-DT12.
SDV364015Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2021. MasterMap 2021. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital.
SDV364016National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2021. National Heritage List for England. Digital. 1010784.

Associated Monuments

MDV3439Related to: Cairn at west end of Hingston Hill stone row east of Down Tor, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3502Related to: Hingston Hill Stone Row, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3969Related to: Hut circle settlement on the south-west flank of Hingston Hill, Walkhampton (Monument)
MDV3440Related to: Round cairn and later tin prospecting pits north-west of Hingston Stone Row, Walkhampton (Monument)

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events

  • EDV7382 - Condition Survey of the Cramber Tor Training Area
  • EDV8351 - Walkhampton Premier Archaeological Landscape; Field Investigation Project

Date Last Edited:Apr 14 2021 9:43AM