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HER Number:MDV2858
Name:Cross in St Petroc's churchyard, Harford

Summary

Cross, in the churchyard south of the church. A cross of moorland type, roughly rectangular section, with both arms broken off short. Found in use as a gatepost in the lane to the moor.

Location

Grid Reference:SX 638 594
Map Sheet:SX65NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishHarford
DistrictSouth Hams
Ecclesiastical ParishHARFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX65NW/24/2
  • Old Listed Building Ref (I)

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • CROSS (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD (Between))

Full description

Masson Phillips, E. N., 1937, The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I, 303 (Article in Serial). SDV240502.

Cross, in the churchyard south of the church. Type A. A cross of moorland type, roughly rectangular section, with both arms broken off short. Found in use as a gatepost in the lane to the moor.

Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, 1950, SX65NW7, 28/3/1950 (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV326094.

Remains of a stone cross.

Hankin, C. F., 1977-1979, Harford Parish Checklist, Saved in Harford parish file (page 31/254) (Worksheet). SDV149931.

(Recorded April 1976) Harford Churchyard. In the south-west corner of the churchyard, a few metres west of the lychgate entrance to the churchyard, south of the church. The earliest knowledge of the cross appears to be when it was found in use as a gate-post in the lane to the moor near the church. It was placed in its present position by the then Rector, the Reverend John A. Uran, on 09/11/1909.
The stone is very roughly cut, and gives the impression that it may have lain for a long time on the ground. The shaft tapers slightly towards the arms on all four sides.
The Reverend John A. Uran, Rector of Harford in 1909 records: ‘The old cross. This day (the King’s birthday 9th November 1909) has been set up at the south-western corner of the churchyard, an ancient cross, which I recently discovered, desecrated to do duty as a gate-post, at the lower end of the Sanctuary Glebe Lands. Long may it stand, a silent witness to the passer-by, of the Faith of Ages. It was a post for the third gateway on the right going up Harford Lane’. (J. A. Uran; Extracts from his papers recorded by Mr. J. A. Leland of Cornwood (formerly of Harford)).

Hankin, C. F., 1980, An Archaeological Check-List for Harford, Saved in Harford parish file (page 31/254) (Un-published). SDV361875.

(Recorded April 1976) Harford Churchyard. In the south-west corner of the churchyard, a few metres west of the lychgate entrance to the churchyard, south of the church. The earliest knowledge of the cross appears to be when it was found in use as a gate-post in the lane to the moor near the church. It was placed in its present position by the then Rector, the Reverend John A. Uran, on 09/11/1909.
The stone is very roughly cut, and gives the impression that it may have lain for a long time on the ground. The shaft tapers slightly towards the arms on all four sides.
The Reverend John A. Uran, Rector of Harford in 1909 records: ‘The old cross. This day (the King’s birthday 9th November 1909) has been set up at the south-western corner of the churchyard, an ancient cross, which I recently discovered, desecrated to do duty as a gate-post, at the lower end of the Sanctuary Glebe Lands. Long may it stand, a silent witness to the passer-by, of the Faith of Ages. It was a post for the third gateway on the right going up Harford Lane’. (J. A. Uran; Extracts from his papers recorded by Mr. J. A. Leland of Cornwood (formerly of Harford)).

Department of Environment, 1984, South Hams, 31 (List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest). SDV336648.

Probably medieval. Small granite monolith with mutilated cross arms. Found in 1909 nearby being used as a gatepost, and re-erected in the churchyard.

Watson, 2016, Cross in Harford Churchyard (Ground Photograph). SDV363816.

Photos of the surviving part of a granite cross, comprising the upper part of a chamfered shaft and part of one arm. Height 20 inches, span 14 inches, width 8 inches by 8 inches, arm 7 inches, chamfer 4 inches.

Ordnance Survey, 2016, MasterMap (Cartographic). SDV359352.

'Cross (Remains of)' depicted on the modern mapping.

Historic England, 2016, National Heritage List for England, Accessed 04/07/2016 (National Heritage List for England). SDV359353.

SX 65 NW HARFORD HARFORD 11/76 Cross in Church Yard approximately 50 metres south- south-west of Church of St Petroc - II
Churchyard cross. Probably medieval. Small granite monolith with mutilated cross arms. Found in 1909 nearby being used as a gatepost, and re-erected in the churchyard.
Listing NGR: SX6381259420

Sources / Further Reading

SDV149931Worksheet: Hankin, C. F.. 1977-1979. Harford Parish Checklist. Parish Checklist. Digital. Saved in Harford parish file (page 31/254).
SDV240502Article in Serial: Masson Phillips, E. N.. 1937. The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon: Part I. Transactions of the Devonshire Association. 69. A5 Hardback. 303.
SDV326094Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. 1950. SX65NW7. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index. 28/3/1950.
SDV336648List of Blds of Arch or Historic Interest: Department of Environment. 1984. South Hams. Historic Houses Register. A4 Spiral Bound. 31.
SDV359352Cartographic: Ordnance Survey. 2016. MasterMap. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping. Digital. [Mapped feature: #86121 ]
SDV359353National Heritage List for England: Historic England. 2016. National Heritage List for England. Historic Houses Register. Digital. Accessed 04/07/2016.
SDV361875Un-published: Hankin, C. F.. 1980. An Archaeological Check-List for Harford. Devon Archaeological Society Publication. 11. A4 Comb Bound. Saved in Harford parish file (page 31/254).
SDV363816Ground Photograph: Watson. 2016. Cross in Harford Churchyard. Photograph (Paper).
Linked documents:4

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Aug 27 2020 10:04AM