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HER Number:MDV28592
Name:PILLOW MOUND in the Parish of Dartmoor Forest

Summary

Vis=12/12/1979 (os) centred at sx611758 north and east of crockern, is a group of six pillow mounds. Four mounds are between 7.5m and 12m long, 3.8m wide and 1.6m high. One is 32m long and another segmented into three parts, is 56m long, both are from 4m to 5m wide. All the mounds are aligned with the slope, incorporate stone revetting, and have ditches up to 2m wide and 0.4m deep. The long pillow mounds are constructed to respect a cart track and the group is evidently associated with crockern farm and probably no earlier than the 19th century (os).

Location

Grid Reference:SX 611 758
Map Sheet:SX67NW
Admin AreaDartmoor National Park
Civil ParishDartmoor Forest
DistrictWest Devon
Ecclesiastical ParishLYDFORD

Protected Status

Other References/Statuses

  • Old DCC SMR Ref: SX67NW/235
  • Old SAM Ref: 34456

Monument Type(s) and Dates

  • PILLOW MOUND (XVIII to XXI - 1751 AD to 2009 AD (Between))

Full description

Unknown, MIGRATED RECORD - MONUMENT PROTECTION PROGRAMME DATA (Migrated Record). SDV331.

Vis=est -/-/2002 (gerrard) pillow mound 190m north of crockern, forming an outlying part of a rabbit warren on the western slopes of longaford and littaford tors (mpp).


RCHM, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV7666.

Vis=19/6/1989 (rchm) eight pillow mounds centred at sx611758 are spread over 200m n to s on a slight w slope in the west dart valley ne of crockern. Seven mounds are aligned directly across the contours and are rectangular in ground plan with near-vertical or steepish sides and rounded top in cross section. Five of these range between 8 and 13m in length. The other 2 are much longer 31.5 and 55.5m respectively, arranged in series down the slope with a farm track dividing them. The longest is broken in 2 places but these seem to be deliberate breaks to permit access for stock rather than original segmentation. On average mound width is 4.5m and height 1.3m.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221667.

Not recorded by rchm app 1985.


NMR CITING PATTISON, Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221669.

All eight mounds are massively constructed of stone and earth revetted with large blocks and boulders from local clearance, often with sections of rough coursing. The nw side of mound 4 is drystone walled. The rectangular mounds have ditches on 2 to 4 sides but usually not on the downhill ends. They are wide and flat-bottomed, averaging 2.2m wide and 0.5m deep. The ditches of mounds 1 and 2 merge but any chronological difference is unclear. The ditches and general environs contain large blocks and boulders, gathered and abandoned when not utilised in the construction. Mound 7 lies close to a prehistoric settlement, and is placed in the lee of and against a natural, granite outcrop. It is particularly crudely built, almost entirely of stones and boulders. The eighth mound is semi-circular and likewise partly revetted; a domestic leat passes close to its w face. According to hemery these pillow mounds were built for mr james saltroun of powder mills as part of a sporting warren enterprise in common with other mounds situated over a kilometre to the n adjacent to wistmans wood. They were maintained by the tenant of crockern and operated in the late 19c and early 20c. The two long pillow mounds are shown as a field boundary on 1886 os map (nmr citing pattison).


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221672.

Osa=sx67nw124.


Untitled Source (Aerial Photograph). SDV221673.

Aph=os/72/066/077-8.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221674.

Hemery, e. /high dartmoor/(1983)455-7.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221675.

Des=pattison, p.(rchm)/(19/6/1989)/crockern survey/1:10000 plan.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221676.

Des=mpp/157079.


Untitled Source (Migrated Record). SDV221677.

Des=gerrard, s. /(25/4/2002)/as above.


Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division, Untitled Source (Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card). SDV24.

Vis=12/12/1979 (os) centred at sx611758 north and east of crockern, is a group of six pillow mounds. Four mounds are between 7.5m and 12m long, 3.8m wide and 1.6m high. One is 32m long and another segmented into three parts, is 56m long, both are from 4m to 5m wide. All the mounds are aligned with the slope, incorporate stone revetting, and have ditches up to 2m wide and 0.4m deep. The long pillow mounds are constructed to respect a cart track and the group is evidently associated with crockern farm and probably no earlier than the 19th century (os).

Sources / Further Reading

SDV221667Migrated Record:
SDV221669Migrated Record: NMR CITING PATTISON.
SDV221672Migrated Record:
SDV221673Aerial Photograph:
SDV221674Migrated Record:
SDV221675Migrated Record:
SDV221676Migrated Record:
SDV221677Migrated Record:
SDV24Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card: Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division. Ordnance Survey Archaeology Division Card. Card Index.
SDV331Migrated Record: Unknown. MIGRATED RECORD - MONUMENT PROTECTION PROGRAMME DATA. Monument Protection Programme. Unknown.
SDV7666Migrated Record: RCHM.

Associated Monuments: none recorded

Associated Finds: none recorded

Associated Events: none recorded


Date Last Edited:Sep 30 2015 5:07PM